Military Police Support to Corps
|Corps MP support their command by performing the MP functions critical to the success of their tactical commander's concept of operations.|
Corps are the largest tactical units in the US Army. They are the instruments by which higher echelons conduct operations at the operational level. Higher headquarters tailor corps for the theater and the mission for which they are deployed. They contain organic combat, CS, and CSS capabilities to sustain operations for a considerable period of time. Corps are capable of operating in a joint and multinational environment, providing C2for up to five divisions and covering up to 35,000 square kilometers.
6-1. MP support to a corps is provided by an MP brigade (CS) assigned to each corps. The MP brigade provides combat, CS, and CSS throughout the corps's AO. However, subordinate MP units are not assigned to subordinate corps units. Instead, the MP brigade commander gives them an AO based on the corps commander's concept of operations. When possible, MP battalion AOs coincide with those of the CSG RAOCs.
6-2. The corps MP provide combat power within the command's rear area. They perform combat operations to counter Level II forces and to support the defeat of Level III forces. When properly augmented, the MP brigade may serve as the corps's TCF. The corps MP also provide a critical link between MP operations in the division and in the COMMZ. The corps MP support division commanders by helping the division MP conduct sustainment operations. The corps MP coordinate with the division MP for mutual support.
6-3. The MP brigade (CS) supporting a corps contains a brigade headquarters, up to six MP battalions (CS), numerous L&O detachments, and MWD teams. Each MP battalion (CS) has up to six MP companies (CS). As with the EAC's MP brigade (CS), the number of battalions and companies is determined by METT-TC. The corps MP brigade (CS) has additional companies to support each division and to provide security for the corps and COSCOM headquarters and corps ammunition storage areas.
6-4. The MP brigade HHC provides C2and A/L support to the brigade. The brigade HHC consists of a company headquarters and a brigade headquarters that contains the commander's immediate staff. The staff officers supervise the brigade's major organizational elements, including the-
- S1, S2, S3, S4, and S5.
- MP long-range plans (LRP) section.
- Communications section.
- Public affairs.
- Unit ministry team (UMT).
6-5. The MP brigade (CS) command sergeant major (CSM) requires mobility and communications capabilities to execute his duties and responsibilities. The MP LRP section works with the corps G3 plans element, operating out of the corps main CP.
6-6. The MP battalion headquarters and headquarters detachment (HHD) provides C2for MP CS companies and any other assigned or attached MP elements. The battalion HHD consists of a detachment headquarters and a battalion headquarters that contains the battalion commander's staff. The staff officers supervise the major organizational elements, including the-
6-7. As with the MP brigade (CS), the battalion CSM requires mobility and communications. The support section is vital to an MP battalion commander's ability to sustain his widely dispersed assigned or attached units during the performance of all five MP functions, primarily the MMS and AS functions.
6-8. The MP company (CS) provides support to an assigned AO. The company has a company headquarters, an MP operations center, a combat-medic section, and four platoons. The company headquarters provides maintenance, supply, communications, mess, and medical support to the unit. An MP operations center supports the unit's operation, conducting and planning for all five MP functions. The MP operations center includes three MP teams as the company-level response force.
6-9. The MP L&O detachments provide support to an assigned AO. The headquarters provides A/L support. The operation team plans and supervises desk operations, the traffic-accident and MP-investigation teams, and the force-protection teams. As with the EAC MP brigade (CS) detachments, requirements are based on the population supported and on METT-TC.
6-10. The number of assigned MWD teams is significantly less than those assigned to the EAC MP (CS) or (I/R) brigades. A kennel master, five explosive/patrol teams, and four narcotics/patrol teams are normally assigned to the corps MP brigade (CS). They are employed based on METT-TC.
6-11. The C2in a corps MP brigade (CS) is consistent with that of any Army brigade. The MP brigade commander commands the brigade and all attached personnel. Battalion commanders work for the brigade commander. The MP company commanders receive their orders and work for their respective battalion commanders and direct their platoon leaders according to mission requirements.
6-12. When corps MP assets are sent to augment the division PM or the MP company, they are placed under the OPCON of the division PM for as long as the unit is needed in the division area. This command relationship is applicable to company-size organizations and smaller. If an MP battalion (or larger MP unit) augments the division, then the division PM will not exercise OPCON of that MP unit. The MP battalion will be placed OPCON as designated by the division commander but not under the division PM. One L&O detachment is normally attached to the supported division and placed OPCON to the division PM. However, MP leaders at each level establish an MP C2relationship based on METT-TC and the supported commander's needs.
6-13. Each corps MP brigade commander employs his assets according to METT-TC, the needs of the forces operating in his AO, and the priorities of the corps commander. Few MP assets in the corps area are employed to support fixed commitments. Instead, based on a broad consideration of the enemy and friendly situations, the corps MP are employed to support friendly forces engaged in combat, CS, and CSS operations. Since MP forces are dispersed throughout the corps area, the concentration of US forces, the location and vulnerability of critical sites, and the number of kilometers of the MSR to be controlled influence the designation of MP assets in the AO.
6-14. The MP brigade commander establishes his MP concept of operations based on the corps commander's concept of operations. His successful employment of MP assets depends on his foreseeing where the battle will be rather than where the battle is. Based on the rear-area IPB and PIAP, the MP brigade commander allocates and shifts resources to ensure the accomplishment of priority missions. This ensures the continuous support and forward sustainment of combat units and the safety of CSS units operating in the corps rear and sustainment areas.
6-15. To support the MP brigade commander's planning, the MP at brigade headquarters operate from several locations. Most of the staff locates in the vicinity of the corps rear CP where they can interface with the corps staff responsible for planning and executing rear operations. The control element of the brigade headquarters must be located where it can command and control its subordinate units. The brigade commander and his staff decide the best place to locate this element. The planning element of the headquarters locates near the corps main CP where it can interface with the corps commander's coordinating, special, and personal staffs. From there they monitor MP operations, integrate MP support with the corps plans cell for future operations, and learn the enemy situation through the G2's threat analysis almost immediately. The detailed information on rear-area activities and operations provided by the corps staff enhances the accuracy of the MP LRP.
6-16. The brigade S3 section provides the day-to-day planning and execution of an MP mission. The section provides a responsive CP that can relocate frequently throughout the AO. The S3 will normally provide liaison personnel to the corps rear CP, selected COSCOM units, interagencies, or other headquarters (based on mission requirements). When possible, battalion AOs coincide with the AOs of the CSG RAOCs. The MP brigade commander usually tailors battalions' AO boundaries to ensure responsive and flexible support across the corps's AO. He pays particular attention to the LOC behind the most heavily committed division and the critical bases and facilities in that area. He also ensures that the MP are available to respond quickly to combat operations throughout the entire corps rear area or during sustainment operations.
6-17. The MP brigade commander, coordinating with his battalion commanders, locates the MP companies where they can provide combat and CS power throughout the corps's AO. He bases his decision on the-
- Number and composition of urban areas.
- Location of CS and CSS units.
- Location of critical facilities (such as the headquarters, ammunition storage areas, and airfields).
- Expected threat.
- Level and frequency of support needed by the commander.
- Current and projected tactical situation.
- MSR network, including choke points and critical bridges and tunnels.
- Number of supported divisions and requirements.
6-18. The prioritization of MP missions is especially crucial during the early stages of the deployment when it is unlikely that an MP brigade commander will have a full complement of CS companies. Augmenting the division MP company with corps MP assets may not be possible at that time. Until it is, the MP brigade commander must locate corps MP assets to help meet the needs of the division while fulfilling the needs of the corps.
6-19. Like the brigade commander, battalion commanders plan the employment of their companies and platoons using METT-TC. Certain corps needs are constant. One MP company is allocated to provide security for the COSCOM, and one MP company is allocated to provide security for the corps's main CP. One platoon from that company may be used to secure the corps tactical CP or the jump CP. One or more platoons will also help secure the corps's rear CP. The number of MP assets allocated for a corps-level EPW/CI holding area and escort is based on METT-TC. However, a minimum of one platoon is dedicated to operate the corps's EPW/CI holding area and a minimum of one platoon per division is allocated for evacuating EPWs/CIs from division collection points. Additional MP assets may be allocated to provide security for the corps's ammunition storage area and ASPs supporting the divisions. The MP battalion commander places his companies where-
- MP assets support the brigade commander's concept of operations.
- The MP can support troop concentration, bases and base clusters, road networks, and critical areas.
- The MP can aggressively patrol critical terrain and monitor LZs and DZs to detect or deny enemy interference.
- The MP can respond to Level II threats.
- The MP can support the movement of combat resources throughout the AO.
- The MP can remove EPWs/CIs from division collection points.
- The MP can influence stragglers, refugees, and dislocated civilians.
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