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Appendix D

Automated Information Systems in Support
of Battle Command

As the MP Corps continues to advance into the twenty-first century, it must continue to pursue and stay in tune with the Army's initiative to acquire advanced technologies and operational concepts. This will give MP soldiers on the battlefield an information advantage that is critical for successful performance of their functions. The following information opens a window into the near future and explains some of the automation initiatives that will enhance the Army's and the MP Corps's soldiers.

ARMY INFORMATION SYSTEMS

D-1. The Global Command and Control System (GCCS) is the midterm solution and the bridge to the concepts outlined in the concept of command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence for the warrior (C4IFTW). The GCCS's core consists of the basic functions required by the war fighter to plan, execute, and manage military operations. The Army's selected C2system is the Army Battle Command System (ABCS).

D-2. The ABCS integrates the C2systems found at each echelon-from the ground-force component commander at the theater or JTF level to the individual soldier or the weapons platform. Whether ARFOR are deployed for land combat or are conducting peace operations, providing humanitarian assistance, or giving aid to civil authorities, the ABCS supports the mission by integrating the battle-space automation systems and communications that functionally link strategic and tactical headquarters. The ABCS is interoperable with joint and multinational C2systems at upper echelons across the full range of C2functionality, and it is vertically and horizontally integrated at the tactical and operational levels. The ABCS has three major components-

  • The Global Command and Control System-Army (GCCS-A).
  • The Army Tactical Command and Control System (ATCCS).
  • The FBCB2.

GLOBAL COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEM-ARMY

D-3. The GCCS-A is the Army's component of the joint GCCS. It was built from application programs developed by the Army Worldwide Military Command and Control System [WMCCS] Information System (AWIS), namely the-

  • Strategic Theater Command and Control System (STCCS).
  • Theater Automated Command and Control Information Management System (TACCIMS).
  • EAC portion of the Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS) (CSSCS/EAC).

D-4. The GCCS-A is required in the MP LRP, S1, S3/NBC, and S4 sections within the MP brigade at EAC; in the Assistant Chief of Staff, G1 (Personnel) (G1), the G3, and the Assistant Chief of Staff, G4 (Logistics) (G4) sections within the MP command (I/R); and in the S1, S3, and S4 sections within the MP brigade (I/R).

ARMY TACTICAL COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEM

D-5. The ATCCS embodies the commander and his staff and the doctrine, procedures, and tools used to command and control forces on the tactical battlefield. The ATCCS's functional subsystems provide tools to support the C2process across the spectrum of low- to high-intensity conflicts worldwide; for MOOTW; and for combat, CS, and CSS functional areas at corps-and-below units. The ATCCS provides a common set of C2tools and functions for commanders that extends the ATCCS to the battalion level. The component's ATCCS's are the-

  • Maneuver Control System (MCS).
  • All-Source Analysis System (ASAS).
  • Advanced Field-Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS).
  • Air- and Missile-Defense Planning and Control System (AMDPCS).
  • CSSCS.

D-6. The FBCB2 provides situational awareness and C2to the lowest tactical echelons. It facilitates a seamless flow of battle-command information and situation-awareness information across the battle space at brigade and below on Army platforms.

FORCE XXI BATTLE COMMAND-BRIGADE AND BELOW

D-7. The FBCB2 system, a battle-command information system, provides the technology to complete the ABCS information flow process from brigade to platform and across all platforms within the brigade TF. The FBCB2 enables commanders to remotely operate and maintain ABCS database connectivity (regardless of the command vehicle) and to digitally control and monitor their subordinate units' statuses and positions. Interoperable FBCB2 systems will enhance the battle commander's ability to have a detailed picture of the battlefield (situational awareness), to maximize force survivability, and to facilitate battlefield synchronization to reduce or destroy the enemy's capability to fight. The FBCB2 relies on integrating, processing, and moving information in a digital form. To support projections of future conflicts with an accompanying increase in the tempo of battle, the FBCB2 must be able to obtain information contained in databases from higher, lower, and adjacent elements without formally requesting that information through command channels. The war fighter requires the ability to pull data from all battlefield-system databases to keep current with the rapid changes caused by the dynamics of battle. The FBCB2 is required for divisional MP company commanders, PMs, platoon leaders, teams, and squads.

MANEUVER CONTROL SYSTEM

D-8. The MCS is the ABCS's horizontal and vertical integrator. The MCS will enable commanders and their staffs to collect, coordinate, and act swiftly on near-real-time battlefield information. It will quickly, accurately, and automatically move tactical information on the battlefield. This allows a commander to readily access information and display current situation reports (SITREPs) that assess enemy strength and movement as well as the status of friendly forces. The MCS will then aid the battle staff in rapidly disseminating the commander's orders. It is intended to provide two major functional capabilities-maneuver functional-area control and force-level information. The MCS is the ATCCS's functional subsystem that-

  • Supports the combined-arms force commander directly by providing automated support for planning, coordinating, controlling, and using maneuver functional-area assets and tasks.
  • Coordinates and synchronizes supporting arms in conducting operational planning, field operations, and training.

D-9. The MCS is required for division PM operations sections, company CPs at echelons corps and below (ECB), MP battalion commanders, S3 sections at corps, MP brigade commanders, and corps MP LRP and S3 sections.

ALL-SOURCE ANALYSIS SYSTEM-REMOTE WORK STATION

D-10. The ASAS-remote workstation (RWS) subsystem will operate within the existing intelligence and electronic warfare (IEW) battlefield operating system (BOS) and ABCS architectures to provide automation support to G2/S2 intelligence staff elements and other designated intelligence organizations from the maneuver battalion through EAC. It will operate at the security level appropriate to its echelon, mission, and functions. It assists the G2/S2 in providing IEW support to the commander and other staff elements in planning, coordinating, and conducting current and future tactical operations. It interfaces with the sensitive compartmented information (SCI) analysis and control element (ACE) subsystem to provide operational guidance and to exchange IEW information and products. It also operates as the technical control portion of the IEW C2node of the ABCS to provide current IEW and enemy-situation information to the force-level information database for access and use by ABCS users. Two RWSs are also provided to the brigade analysis control team (ACT) of the DS MI company to process data input from DS collection systems, to filter intelligence data from broadcast systems, and to pass tactically relevant enemy-situation information or situation-development data to the brigade S2's RWS. The ASAS-RWS is required in the S2 section of the CID group, the S2/S3 section of the CID battalion, the G2 section of the MP command (I/R), the S2 section of the MP battalion (I/R), and the S2 section of the MP battalion and brigade at all echelons.

COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT CONTROL SYSTEM

D-11. The CSSCS will function as an integral part of the ATTCS. It is designated as an information system with the capability to rapidly collect, analyze, and disseminate logistical, medical, and personnel information to accelerate and improve decision making by CSS and force commanders. It also enables the rapid exchange of C2information with other battlefield functional areas (BFAs) through automated interfaces. The system will process unclassified through secret information. The CSSCS will be employed in all divisions, corps, EAC, separate brigades, and armored cavalry regiments. The MP require CSSCS functionality in all S1 and S4 sections in battalion or higher organizations except where the GCCS-A is required as stated above.

TRANSPORTATION COORDINATOR AUTOMATED MOVEMENT SERVER

D-12. The Transportation Coordinator Automated Movement Server (TC-AIMS II) is used by transportation agents and deploying units of each service to automate the processes of planning, organizing, coordinating, and controlling deployment and redeployment operations worldwide during peace as well as contingencies. The TC AIMS II will link all DOD-component unit movements with the installation transportation officer/traffic-management officer (ITO/TMO). This will provide the capability to plan and execute deployments rapidly to meet CINC-required arrival and departure dates. The TC AIMS II will also provide the ITO's/TMO's day-to-day traffic management functions and the theater transportation managers with the capabilities to use theater common lift assets effectively. The TC AIMS II will also allow CSS organizations and supporting commands to sustain the force and perform effective movement control, coordination, distribution, and sustainment once in theater. This is also defined as transportation movement and support of DOD personnel and cargo during all phases of military operations in all environments (including RSOI and battlefield operations). The TC AIMS II's functionality is required at all division PM operations and S3 sections within MP battalions and brigades to facilitate MSR regulation enforcement. Additionally, MP companies, battalions, brigades, and commands require the TC AIMS II to plan, organize, coordinate, and control deployments and redeployments.

GLOBAL COMBAT SUPPORT SYSTEM-ARMY

D-13. The GCSS-A is an integrated logistical support system with accompanying hardware that will connect the service's supply, finance, transportation, maintenance, and personnel databases. Under this system, the Army will integrate 13 Legacy tactical logistics systems and will eventually interface with the service's wholesale logistics systems as well as the consolidated logistics systems of the other services and the DOD. The system is critical for modernizing automation, for reducing logistical footprints in theaters, and for expanding war fighters' capabilities. The system will also replace the Standard Army Management Information System (STAMIS). The GCSS-A is required at all MP division company CPs and MP battalion and brigade S4 sections. Additionally, it is required at all supply functions within MP detachments that support I/R missions.

MILITARY POLICE AUTOMATED SYSTEMS

D-14. In an effort to maintain an information advantage and to acquire advance technologies and operational concepts, the MP Corps has acquired the following systems:

  • The Military Police Management Information System (MPMIS) and its subsystems
  • The CID's automated systems and their subsystems.

MILITARY POLICE MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM

D-15. The MPMIS is a DA-mandated reporting system that does not interface with the ABCS. The MPMIS provides automated tools for MP records management and reporting. It reduces the administrative burden on the PM's staff. It increases the awareness of problem areas by managing crime information. The MPMIS consists of the following elements:

  • Offense Reporting Systems Windows (ORS-2W). The ORS-2W provides automation support to track and report complaints, criminal incidents, and traffic incidents. It incorporates the CRC, the federally mandated National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), the DOD-mandated Defense Incident-Based Reporting System (DIBRS), the military community (MILCOM), and the installation's data requirements. The ORS-2W's functionality is required at PM activities at all echelons of command within the Army.
  • Correctional Reporting System (CRS-3). The CRS-3 provides automation support to track and report inmates and corrections staff at all Army-controlled correctional facilities.
  • Security Management System (SMS). The SMS provides automated support to assist physical-security inspectors and force-protection officers in reporting inspections and surveys. It tracks intrusion-detection devices and MWD training and health requirements.
  • Vehicle Registration System (VRS). The VRS provides installations with an automated means to track vehicle, weapon, and bicycle registrations.
  • Prisoner-of-War Information System (PWIS-3). The PWIS-3 provides the automated means of tracking an EPW's status from capture through release. This system is required at all EPW management activities.

CID AUTOMATED SYSTEMS

D-16. The Headquarters (HQ) USACIDC mandates CID automated systems. Similar to the MPMIS, it does not interface with the ABCS. The system facilitates data-collection efforts within the command. The CID's automated systems consist of the-

  • Automated Criminal Investigative Reporting System (ACIRS). The ACIRS supports management and data-collection functions at the CRC and HQ USACIDC. It supports the following:

    • Maintaining investigative data.
    • Conducting agent investigative activities.
    • Reporting investigative data.
    • Managing the investigative processes.
    • Conducting criminal-activity analyses.
  • CRIMINTEL. Data sources for CRIMINTEL include MP reports, CRIMINTEL reports and bulletins, reports of investigation, crime-prevention surveys, case files, collection folders, raw-data folders, significant data files, and target-analysis files. The CRIMINTEL interfaces with the ACIRS, but it does not share CRIMINTEL products.



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