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This FMI establishes doctrine (fundamental principles and TTP) for military operations in a counterinsurgency environment. It is based on existing doctrine and lessons learned from recent combat operations. Additional counterinsurgency doctrine is being developed. It will be combined with the doctrine in this FMI and published as an FM prior to October 2006. Send any comments to the Combined Arms Center at Fort Leavenworth per instructions in the proponent statement below.


To make this text useful to leaders involved in counterinsurgency operations regardless of where these operations may occur, the doctrine contained herein is broad in scope and involves principles applicable to various AOs. This FMI is not focused on any region or country. Insurgencies have some common characteristics, but their ideological basis may vary widely. Fundamental to all counterinsurgencies is the need to help local authorities establish safety, security, and stability, because insurgents thrive on chaos and instability.


The primary audience for this manual is conventional-force leaders at division-level and below. It supports Army Education System instruction on the theory and conduct of counterinsurgency operations.


An FMI is a DA publication that provides expedited delivery of urgently needed doctrine the proponent has approved for use without placing it through the standard development process. Unless an FMI is rescinded, information it disseminates is incorporated into a new or revised FM. FMIs expire after two years, unless superseded or rescinded.


This publication uses the term insurgent to describe those taking part in any activity designed to undermine or to overthrow the established authorities.

In the text, terms that have joint or Army definitions are italicized and the number of the proponent manual follows the definition. FMI 3-07.22 is not the proponent manual for any terms.

President refers to the President and the Secretary of Defense, or their duly deputized alternates and successors.

Headquarters, US Army Training and Doctrine Command is the proponent for this publication. The preparing agency is the Combined Arms Doctrine Directorate, US Army Combined Arms Center. Send written comments and recommendations on DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms) directly to: Commander, US Army Combined Arms Center and Fort Leavenworth, ATTN: ATZL-CD (FMI 3-07.22), 1 Reynolds Avenue (Building 111), Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-1352. Send comments and recommendations by e-mail to Follow the DA Form 2028 format or submit an electronic DA Form 2028.

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