When a field manual has been published under a new number, the bibliography shows the old number after the new number.
These documents must be available to the intended users of this publication.
These are the sources quoted or paraphrased in this publication.
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Publications
Quadrennial Defense Review Report. 30 September 2001.
Most joint publications are available: http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/index.html
JP 3-0. Doctrine for Joint Operations. 10 September 2001.
JP 3-05. Doctrine for Joint Special Operations. 17 April 1998.
JP 3-08. Interagency Coordination During Joint Operations (2 Volumes). 9 October 1996.
JP 3-33. Joint Force Capabilities. 13 October 1999.
JP 4-0. Doctrine for Logistic Support of Joint Operations. 06 April 2000.
JP 5-00.2. Joint Task Force Planning Guidance and Procedures. 13 January 1999.
Joint Military Operations Historical Collection. 15 July 1997.
Most Army doctrinal publications are online: http://www.adtdl.army.mil/atdls.htm
FM 1 (100-1). The Army. 14 June 2001.
FM 3-05.20 (31-20). Special Forces Operations. 26 June 2001.
FM 3-05.30 (33-1). Psychological Operations. 19 June 2000.
FM 3-06.1 (1-130). Aviation Urban Operations: Multiservice Procedures for Aviation Urban Operations. 15 April 2001.
FM(M) 3-3. Chemical and Biological Contamination Avoidance. 16 November 1992. FM(M) 3-3 will be republished as FM(M) 3-11.3.
FM 3-14. Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) Vulnerability Analysis. 12 November 1997. FM 3-14 will be republished as FM 3-11.14.
FM 3-19.4 (19-4). Military Police Leaders' Handbook. 04 March 2002.
FM 3-19.40 (19-40). Military Police Internment/Resettlement Operations. 01 August 2001.
FM 3-21. Chemical Accident Contamination Control. 23 February 1978. FM 3-21 will be republished as FM 3-11.21.
FM 3-31. Joint Force Land Component Commander Handbook (JFLCC). 13 December 2001.
FM 3-31.1 (90-31). AMCI: Army and Marine Corps Integration in Joint Operations. 21 November 2001.
FM 3-34.230 (5-105). Topographic Operations. 03 August 2000.
FM 3-55. Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance. TBP.
FM 3-61.1. Public Affairs Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures. 01 October 2000.
FM 3-97.6 (90-6). Mountain Operations. 28 November 2000.
FM 5-33. Terrain Analysis. 11 July 1990. FM 5-33 will be republished as FM 3-34.330.
FM 5-415. Fire-Fighting Operations. 09 February 1999. FM 5-415 will be republished as FM 3-34.480.
FM 6-0. Command and Control. TBP.
FM 6-22.5 (22-9). Combat Stress. 23 June 2000.
FM 7-15. The Army Universal Task List. TBP.
FM 8-51. Combat Stress Control in a Theater of Operations, Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures. 30 January 1998. FM 8-51 will be republished as FM 4-02.51.
FM 19-15. Civil Disturbances. 25 November 1985. FM 19-15 will be republished as FM 3-19.15.
FM 22-51. Leaders' Manual for Combat Stress Control. 29 September 1994. FM 22-51 will be republished as FM 4-02.22.
FM 22-100. Army Leadership: Be, Know, Do. 31 August 1999. FM 22-100 will be republished as FM 6-22.
FM 27-10. The Law of Land Warfare. 18 July 1956. FM 27-10 will be republished as FM 1-04.10.
FM 27-100. Legal Support to Operations. 01 March 2000. FM 27-100 will be republished as FM 1-04.
FM 31-20-3. Foreign Internal Defense Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Special Forces. 20 September 1994. FM 31-20-3 will be republished as FM 3-05.202.
FM 31-50. Combat in Fortified and Built-Up Areas. March 1964.
FM 33-1-1. Psychological Operations Techniques and Procedures. 05 May 1994. FM 33-1-1 will be republished as FM 3-05.301.
FM 34-3. Intelligence Analysis. 15 March 1990. FM 34-3 will be republished as FM 2-33.4.
FM 34-7. Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Support to Low Intensity Conflict Operations. 18 May 1993. FM 34-7 will be republished as FM 2-91.1 and retitled Intelligence and Electronic Warfare for Stability Operations and Support Operations.
FM 34-81. Weather Support for Army Tactical Operations. 31 August 1989. FM 34-81 will be republished as FM 2-33.2.
FM 34-81-1. Battlefield Weather Effects. 23 December 1992. FM 34-81-1 will be republished as FM 2-33.201.
FM 41-10. Civil Affairs Operations. 14 February 2000. FM 41-10 will be republished as FM 3-05.40.
FM 44-8. Combined Arms for Air Defense. 01 June 1999. FM 44-8 will be republished as FM 3-01.8.
FM 46-1. Public Affairs Operations. 30 May 1997. FM 46-1 will be republished as FM 3-61.
FM 90-8. Counterguerrilla Operations. 29 August 1986. FM 90-8 will be republished as FM 3-07.11.
FM 90-10. Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain (MOUT) (How to Fight). 15 August 1979.
FM 90-40. NLW: Multiservice Procedures for the Tactical Employment of Nonlethal Weapons. 06 October 1998. FM 90-40 will be republished as FM 3-22.40.
FM 90-41. JTF Liaison Handbook: Multiservice Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Joint Task Force (JTF) Liaison Operations. 26 August 1998. FM 90-41 will be republished as FM 6-14.
FM 100-5. Operations. 1944.
FM 100-8. The Army in Multinational Operations. 24 November 1997. FM 100-8 will be republished as FM 3-16.
FM 100-10. Combat Service Support. 03 October 1995. FM 100-10 will be republished as FM 4-0.
FM 100-25. Doctrine for Army Special Operations Forces. 01 August 1999. FM 100-25 will be republished as FM 3-05 and retitled Army Special Operations Forces Doctrine.
TC 90-1. Training for Urban Operations. 01 April 2002.
Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) U.S. Army Combined Arms Command (CAC). Operation Restore Hope Lessons Learned Report. Fort Leavenworth, KS: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993.
26th Infantry Regimental Association. Aachen: Military Operations in Urban Terrain. Lititz, PA: 26th Infantry Regimental Association, 1999.
Adan, Abraham. On the Banks of the Suez. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1980.
Akers, Frank H., Jr. and George B. Singleton. "Task Force Ranger: A Case Study Examining the Application of Advanced Technologies in Modern Urban Warfare." Oak Ridge, TN: National Security Program Office, November 2000.
Allard, Kenneth. Somalia Operations: Lessons Learned. Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1995.
Bass, Bernard M. "Leading in the Army After Next." Military Review (March/April 1998): 46-58.
Beevor, Anthony. Stalingrad. New York: Penguin Books, 1998.
Bowden, Mark. Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1999.
Butts, Kent H. "The Strategic Importance of Water." Parameters (spring 1997): 65-83.
Celeski, Joseph D. "Joint Urban Operations: Special Forces in Urban Campaign Planning." Special Warfare (fall 2001): 2-13.
Chuikov, Vasili I. The Battle for Stalingrad. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1964.
Colby, John. War From the Ground Up: The 90th Division in WWII. Austin, TX: Nortex Press, 1991.
Cole, Ronald H. Operation Just Cause. Washington, DC: Joint History Office, 1995.
Connaughton, Richard, John Pimlott, and Duncan Anderson. The Battle for Manila: The Most Devastating Untold Story of World War II. Novata, CA: Presidio, 1995.
Delk, James D. Fires & Furies: The LA Riots. Palm Springs, CA: Etc. Publications, 1995.
Dewar, Michael. British Army in Northern Ireland. New York: Sterling Publishers, 1985.
Donnelly, Thomas, Margaret Roth, and Caleb Baker. Operation Just Cause: The Storming of Panama. New York: Lexington Books, 1991.
Dupuy, R. Ernest and Trevor N. Dupuy. The Encyclopedia of Military History: From 3500 B.C. to the Present. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1977.
Dupuy, Trevor N. and Paul Martell. Flawed Victory: The Arab-Israeli Conflict and the 1982 War in Lebanon. Fairfax, VA: Hero Books, 1986.
Edwards, Sean J. A. Freeing Mercury's Wings: Improving Tactical Communications in Cities. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2001.
Fishel, John T. The Fog of Peace: Planning and Executing the Restoration of Panama. Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, 1992.
Funston, Frederick. "How the Army Worked to Save San Francisco." Cosmopolitan Magazine (July 1906). Available at http://www.sfmuseum.org/1906/cosmo.html
Gabriel, Richard A. Operation Peace for Galilee: The Israeli-PLO War in Lebanon. New York: Hill and Wang, 1984.
Glenn, Russell W. An Attack on Duffer's Downtown. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2001.
---. Heavy Matter: Urban Operations' Density of Challenges. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2000.
---. "Urban Combat is Complex." Proceedings (February 2002): 62-65.
---. ".We Band of Brothers": The Call for Joint Urban Operations Doctrine. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1999.
Grau, Lester W. and Timothy Smith. A 'Crushing' Victory: Fuel-Air Explosives and Grozny 2000. Fort Leavenworth, KS: Foreign Military Studies Office, 2000.
Hamill, Desmond. Pig in the Middle: The Army in Northern Ireland, 1969-1984. London: Methuen, 1985.
Hammel, Eric. Fire in the Streets: The Battle for Hue, Tet 1968. New York: Dell Publishing, 1991.
Heinl, Robert Debs, Jr. Victory at High Tide: The Inchon-Seoul Campaign. Annapolis, MD: Nautical & Aviation Publishing Company of America, 1979.
Herzog, Cham. The War of Atonement, October, 1973. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1975.
Higham, Robin. Bayonets in the Streets: The Use of Troops in Civil Disturbances. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1969.
Hoar, Joseph P. "A CINC's Perspective." JFQ Forum (autumn 1993): 56-63.
Infantry in Battle. 2nd ed. Garret & Massie: Richmond, VA, 1939. Reprint, Fort Leavenworth, KS: US Army Command and General Staff College, 1981.
Jomini, Antoine-Henri. "The Art of War" in Roots of Strategy: Book 2. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1987.
Kemp, Anthony. The Unknown Battle: Metz, 1944. New York: Stein and Day, 1981.
Kennedy, John F. Message to Congress, 25 May 1961. Available at http://www.cs.umb.edu/jfklibrary/j052561.htm
Mabry, Robert L. et al. "United States Army Rangers in Somalia: An Analysis of Combat Casualties on an Urban Battlefield." Journal of Special Operations Medicine (fall 2001): 24-40.
MacArthur, Douglas. Reminiscences. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964.
Medby, Jamison Jo and Russell W. Glenn. Street Smart: Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield for Urban Operations. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2002.
Monmonier, Mark. How to Lie with Maps. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Montgomery, Thomas M. Interview. "Ambush in Mogasdishu." Frontline, WGBH Boston. 1998. Available at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/
Natsios, Andrew S. "Commander's Guidance: A Challenge of Complex Humanitarian Emergencies." Parameters (summer 1996): 50-66.
Natsios, Andrew S. "Food Through Force: Humanitarian Intervention and U.S. Policy." The Washington Quarterly (winter 1994): 136.
Nolan, Keith William. The Battle for Saigon: Tet 1968. New York: Pocket Books, 1996.
Oakley, Robert B. "An Envoy's Perspective." JFQ Forum (autumn 1993): 44-55.
Oliker, Olga. Russia's Chechen Wars 1994-2000: Lessons From Urban Combat. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2001.
Peters, Ralph. "Our Soldiers, Their Cities." Parameters (spring 1996): 43-50.
Peterson, John J. Into the Cauldron. Clinton, MD: Clavier House, 1973.
Senge, Peter M. The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization. New York: Currency Doubleday, 1990.
Shelton, H. Hugh and Timothy D. Vane. "Winning the Information War in Haiti." Military Review (November/December 1995): 3-9.
Shtemenko, S. M. The Soviet General Staff at War, 1941-1945: Book One. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1981.
Smith, Rupert. "Wars in Our Time-A Survey of Recent and Continuing Conflicts." World Defence Systems (July 2001): 120-122.
Stanton, Shelby L. Ten Corps in Korea, 1950. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1989.
Thomas, Timothy L. "The Battle for Grozny: Deadly Classroom for Urban Combat." Parameters (summer 1999): 87-102.
Thomas, Timothy L. and Charles P. O'Hara. "Combat Stress in Chechnya: 'The Equal Opportunity Disorder'." Army Medical Department Journal (January-March 2000): 46-53.
United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: The 1999 Revision. New York: United Nations, 1995.
US Agency for International Development, Bureau for Humanitarian Response, Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance. Field Operations Guide for Disaster Assessment and Response. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1994.
Yates, Lawrence A. "Military Stability and Support Operations: Analogies, Patterns and Recurring Themes." Military Review (July/August 1997): 51-61.
These sources contain relevant supplemental information.
Alexander, John B. Future War: Non-Lethal Weapons in Twenty-First-Century Warfare. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999.
Arnold, James R. Tet Offensive 1968: Turning Point in Vietnam. London: Osprey, 1990.
Ashworth, G. J. The City and War. London: Routledge, 1991.
Barker, A. J. Dunkirk: The Great Escape. New York: David McKay, 1977.
Breuer, William B. Hitler's Fortress Cherbourg: The Conquest of a Bastion. New York: Stein and Day, 1984.
Brown, Stephen D. "PSYOP in Operation Uphold Democracy." Military Review (September/October 1996): 57-76.
Bulloch, Gavin. "Military Doctrine and Counterinsurgency: A British Perspective." Parameters (summer 1996): 4-16.
Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) U.S. Army Combined Arms Command (CAC). Urban Combat Operations: Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures, Newsletter No. 99-16. Available at http://call.army.mil/.
Carell, Paul. Stalingrad. The Defeat of the German 6th Army. Atglen, PA: Schieffer Publishing, 1993.
Collins, J. Lawton. Lightning Joe. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1994.
Cordesman, Anthony H. and Abraham R. Wagner. The Lessons of Modern War-Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1990.
Craig, William. Enemy at the Gates: The Battle for Stalingrad. New York: Reader's Digest Press, 1973.
Desch, Michael C., ed. Soldiers in Cities: Military Operations on Urban Terrain. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, 2001.
Dewar, Michael. War in the Streets: The Story of Urban Combat from Calais to Khafji. New York: Sterling Publishers, 1992.
Duffy, Christopher. Fire & Stone: The Science of Fortress Warfare, 1660-1860. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1996.
---. The Fortress in the Age of Vauban and Frederick the Great, 1660-1789-Siege Warfare Volume I. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1985.
---. Siege Warfare: The Fortress in the Early Modern World, 1494-1660. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979.
Edwards, Sean J. A. Mars Unmasked: The Changing Face of Urban Operations. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2000.
Eikenberry, Karl W. "Take No Casualties." Parameters (summer 1996): 109-118.
Erickson, John. The Road to Berlin: Continuing the History of Stalin's War with Germany. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1983.
Eshel, David. Mid-East Wars: The Lebanon War 1982. Hod Hasharon, Israel: Eshel-Dramit, 1983.
Gerwehr, Scott and Russell W. Glenn. The Art of Darkness: Deception and Urban Operations. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2000.
Glenn, Russell W. Combat in Hell: A Consideration of Constrained Urban Warfare. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1996.
---. Marching Under Darkening Skies: The American Military and Impending Urban Operations Threat. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1998.
Glenn, Russell W., ed. Capital Preservation: Preparing for Urban Operations in the Twenty-First Century: Proceedings of the RAND Arroyo-TRADOC-MCWL-OSD Urban Operations Conference, March 22-23, 2000. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2001.
Glenn, Russell W. et al. Denying the Widow-Maker, Summary of Proceedings, RAND-DDBL Conference on Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1999.
---. Getting the Musicians of Mars on the Same Sheet of Music: Army Joint, Multinational, and Interagency C4ISR Interoperability. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2000.
Glenn, Russell W. et al., eds. The City's Many Faces: Proceedings of the RAND Arroyo-MCWL-J8 UWG Urban Operations Conference, April 13-14, 1999. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2000.
Glenn, Russell W., Steven Hartman and Scott Gerwehr. On the Shoulders of Atlas: Urban Combat Service Support Operations. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, pending publication in 2003.
Gouré, Leon. The Siege of Leningrad. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1962.
Grau, Lester W. and Jacob W. Kipp. "Urban Combat: Confronting the Specter." Military Review (July/August 1999): 9-17.
Groves, John R. "Operations in Urban Environments." Military Review (July/August 1998): 30-39.
Hahn, Robert F., II and Bonnie Jezior. "Urban Warfare and the Urban Warfighter of 2025." Parameters (summer 1999): 74-86.
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Hibbert, Christopher. The Battle of Arnhem. London: Batsford, 1962.
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Kostof, Spiro. The City Shaped: Urban Patterns and Meanings Through History. London: Thames and Hudson, 1999.
---. The City Assembled: The Elements of Urban Form Throughout History. Boston: Little Brown, 1999.
Kuehl, Daniel T. "Airpower vs. Electricity: Electric Power As a Target for Strategic Air Operations." Journal of Strategic Studies (March 1995): 237-266.
Larson, Eric. Casualties and Consensus: The Historical Role of Casualties in Domestic Support of U.S. Military Operations. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1996.
Lieven, Anatol. Chechnya: Tombstone of Russian Power. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998.
---. "The World Turned Upside Down: Military Lessons of the Chechen War." Armed Forces Journal International (August 1998): 40-43.
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McConnell, Malcolm. Just Cause: The Real Story of America's High-Tech Invasion of Panama. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991.
McKee, Alexander. Caen: Anvil of Victory. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1964.
McLaurin, R. D. "Military Forces in Urban Antiterrorism." Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: US Army Human Engineering Laboratory, 1989.
McLaurin, R. D. and R. Miller. "Urban Counterinsurgency: Case Studies and Implications for U.S. Military Forces." Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: US Army Human Engineering Laboratory, 1989.
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Mercier, Charles E. "Terrorists, WMD, and the US Army Reserve." Parameters (autumn 1997): 98-118.
Milton, T. R. "Urban Operations: Future War." Military Review (February 1994): 37-46.
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Peters, Ralph. "The Culture of Future Conflict." Parameters (winter 1995-96):
---. "The Future of Armed Warfare." Parameters (autumn 1997): 50-59.
---. "The Human Terrain of Urban Operations." Parameters (spring 2000):
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Rosenberger, Leif R. "The Strategic Importance of the World Food Supply." Parameters (spring 1997): 84-105.
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Taw, Jennifer Morrison and Bruce Hoffman. The Urbanization of Insurgency: The Potential Challenge to U.S. Army Operations. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1994.
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