AA assembly area
AAR after action review
AC Active Component
Active Component that portion of the US Army in which organizations are comprised of personnel on full-time duty in active military service of the United States.
active duty training a tour of duty for training Reserve Component soldiers. The soldier must be under orders to return to nonactive duty status when the ADT period is completed.
AD air defense
ADA air defense artillery
ADC area damage control
after action review a method of providing feedback to units by involving participants in the training diagnostic process in order to increase and reinforce learning. The AAR leader guides participants in identifying deficiencies and seeking solutions.
air defense battlefield operating system all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of attack by hostile aircraft or missiles after they are airborne.
A/L administrative and logistics
ALICE all purpose, lightweight individual carrying equipment
ALO air liaison officer
AMTP Army mission training plan
ANCOC Advanced NCO Course
annual training the minimal period of annual active duty training a member performs to satisfy the annual training requirements associated with a Reserve Component assignment. It may be performed during one consecutive period or in increments of one or more days, depending upon mission requirements.
APFT Army Physical Fitness Test
APOE aerial port of embarkation
AR Army regulation
ARCOM Army Reserve Command
Army regulation Army publications that establish policies and responsibilities and prescribe the administrative procedures necessary to implement policies. They do not contain historical information; they are permanent publications and remain in effect until changed, replaced, or rescinded.
ARNG Army National Guard
ARTBASS Army Training Battle Simulation System
ARTEP Army Training and Evaluation Program
ASI additional skill identifier
assessment an analysis of the effectiveness of a unit, activity, or force.
asst assistant; assistance
AT annual training
ATGM antitank guided missile
ATLS advanced trauma life support
ATP ammunition transfer point
AVIM aviation intermediate maintenance
AVLB armored vehicle launched bridge
AXP ambulance exchange point
BAS battalion aid station
BASD basic active service date
battle book a graphic portrayal of how to accomplish the force's wartime mission.
battlefield operating systems the major functions occurring on the battlefield and performed by the force to successfully execute operations. The seven systems are: (1) intelligence, (2) maneuver, (3) fire support, (4) mobility, countermobility, survivability, (5) air defense, (6) combat service support, and (7) command and control. Nuclear, biological, and chemical must be integrated throughout each of the BOS.
battle focus the process of deriving peacetime training requirements from wartime missions.
battle roster a listing of individuals, crews, or elements that reflects capabilities, proficiencies of critical tasks, and other information concerning war fighting abilities.
battle staff the organic battalion primary and special staff, plus task-organized slice (CS and CSS) unit leaders.
battle task a task which must be accomplished by a subordinate organization if the next higher headquarters is to accomplish a mission essential task. Battle tasks are selected by the senior commander from the subordinate organization's METL.
BBS brigade battalion simulation
BCOC base cluster operations center
BCPC Bradley crew proficiency course
BFV Bradley fighting vehicle
BGST Bradley gunners' skills test
BII basic issue item
BMNT beginning (of) morning nautical twilight
BNCOC Basic NCO Course
BOS battlefield operating systems
BP battle position
BSA brigade support area
BSEP basic skills education program
BSX battle simulation exercise
BT Bradley table
C2 command and control
C3 command, control, and communications
CALFEX combined arms live fire exercise
CAPSTONE program that aligns AC and RC units to meet the total Army's wartime requirements. The alignments are tailored specifically to each war plan. This allows for detailed theater planning and provides the basis for commanders to enter cohesive planning and training association with their designated wartime commands. It also is the basis of allocation of resources by the peacetime chain of command to meet wartime training requirements.
CAS close air support
CBS corps battle simulation, previously known as JESS
CEOI communications-electronic operating instructions
CEP commander's evaluation program
CEV combat engineer vehicle
CEWI combat electronic warfare and intelligence
CFX command field exercise
CG commanding general
CHOT comprehensive hands on test
CIP command inspection program
CLS combat lifesaver
CMF career management field
COFT conduct-of-fire trainer
combat service support battlefield operating system the support and assistance provided to sustain forces, primarily in the fields of logistics, personnel services, and health services.
Combat Training Center Program an Army program established to provide realistic joint service and combined arms training in accordance with Army doctrine. It is designed to provide training units opportunities to increase collective proficiency on the most realistic battlefield available during peacetime. The four components of the CTC Program are: (1) the National Training Center, (2) the Combat Maneuver Training Center, (3) the Joint Readiness Training Center, (4) the Battle Command Training Program.
combined arms live fire exercise high-cost resource-intensive exercises in which player units move or maneuver and employ organic and supporting weapons systems using full service ammunition with attendant integration of all combat, CS, and CSS functions.
combined arms and services training collective training which is jointly conducted by associated combat arms, combat support, and combat service support units.
combined training exercise a training exercise that is conducted by military forces of more than one nation.
COMEX communications exercise
command field exercise a field training exercise with reduced troop and vehicle density, but with full command and control and CSS units.
command post exercise a medium-cost, medium overhead exercise in which the forces are simulated that may be conducted from garrison locations or between participating headquarters.
command training guidance the long-range planning document published by division and brigades (or equivalents) in the AC and RC to prescribe future training and related activities.
COMSEC communications security
concurrent training scheduled training designed to train groups of soldiers simultaneously on different tasks. These tasks may or may not be related. For example, a leader may subdivide the unit at a rifle range into firing orders. Soldiers who are not firing may train on preliminary marksmanship instruction, target detection, soldier decontamination procedures, or map reading.
CONUSA the numbered armies in the continental United States
COSCOM corps support command
CP command post
CPOG chemical protective overgarment
CPR cardiovascular pulmonary resuscitation
CPX command post exercise
CS combat support
CSC Command and Staff College
CSM command sergeant major
CSS combat service support
CTA common table of allowances
CTC combat training center
CTG command training guidance
CTT common task training
CTX combined training exercise
DA Department of the Army
def defend; defense
deployment exercise (DEPEX) an exercise which provides training for soldiers, units, and support agencies in the tasks and procedures for deploying from home stations or installations to potential areas of hostilities.
DISCOM division support command
DIVARTY division artillery
doctrine fundamental principles by which military forces guide their actions in support of objectives. It is authoritative, but requires judgment in application.
DOR date of rank
DS direct support
EAP emergency action procedures
ECCM electronic counter-countermeasures
ECM electronic countermeasures
EDRE emergency deployment readiness exercise
EENT end (of) evening nautical twilight
EFMB Expert Field Medic Badge
EIB Expert Infantry Badge
electronic counter-countermeasures that division of electronic warfare involving actions taken to ensure friendly effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum despite the enemy's use of electronic warfare.
electronic warfare military action involving the use of electromagnetic energy to determine, exploit, reduce, or prevent hostile use of the electromagnetic spectrum.
ENDEX end of exercise
EPW enemy prisoner of war
ERB enlisted record brief
ETM extension training materiel
ETS expiration term of service
evac evacuate; evacuation
eval evaluate; evaluator
EW electronic warfare
EWOC electronic warfare operations course
EXEVAL external evaluation
1SG first sergeant
FA field artillery
FCX fire coordination exercise
FDC fire direction center
FEBA forward edge of the battle area
field training exercise high-cost, high-overhead exercise conducted under simulated combat conditions in the field. It exercises command and control of all echelons in battle functions against actual or simulated opposing forces.
fire coordination exercise a medium-cost, reduced-scale exercise that can be conducted at platoon, company team, or battalion task force level. It exercises command and control skills through the integration of all organic weapon systems, as well as indirect and supporting fires. Weapon densities may be reduced for participating units, and subcaliber devices substituted for service ammunition.
fire support battlefield operating system the collective and coordinated use of target acquisition data, indirect fire weapons, armed aircraft (less attack helicopters), and other lethal and nonlethal means against ground targets in support of maneuver force operations.
FIST fire support team
FM field manual
FO forward observer
force integration the process of incorporating new doctrine, equipment, and force structure into an organization while simultaneously sustaining the highest possible levels of combat readiness.
FORSCOM US Army Forces Command
FPW firing port weapon
FRAGO fragmentary order
FSB forward support battalion
FSO fire support officer
FSOP field standing operating procedures
FTX field training exercise
FY fiscal year
GDP general defense plan
goal an achievement toward which effort is directed.
GOCOM US Army Reserve General Officer Command
GPS gunner's primary sight
GRREG graves registration
GSR ground surveillance radar
GTA graphic training aid hel helicopter
HEMTT heavy expanded mobility tactical truck
HET heavy equipment transporter
HHC headquarters and headquarters company
HHD headquarters and headquarters detachment
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
IAW in accordance with
IBBS interim brigade battalion simulation
IDT inactive duty training
IET initial entry training
IG inspector general
inactive duty training authorized training performed by an RC member not on active duty or active duty for training, and consisting of regularly scheduled unit training assemblies, additional training assemblies, or equivalent training periods.
intelligence battlefield operating system the collection of functions that generate knowledge of the enemy, weather, and geographical features required by a commander in planning and conducting combat operations.
INTSUM intelligence summary
IPB intelligence preparation of the battlefield
ITEP Individual Training and Evaluation Program
ITL individual task list
Janus an event-driven simulation that models fighting systems as entities (such as tank, helicopter) used to train platoon through brigade.
JESS joint exercise support system
JTX joint training exercise
lane training a technique for training company/team-level and smaller units on a series of selected soldier, leader, and collective tasks (STXs) using specific terrain.
LBE load bearing equipment
LCX logistical coordination exercise
leader book a leader tool maintained at crew level and above for recording and tracking soldier proficiency on mission-oriented tasks.
LET launch effects trainer
LFX live fire exercise
logistics exercise (LOGEX) an exercise which concentrates on training tasks associated with the combat service support battlefield operating system.
LOGPAC logistical package
LOI letter of instruction
LP listening post
LTA local training area
MACOM major Army command
main battle area that portion of the battlefield extending rearward from the forward edge of the battle area and in which the decisive battle is fought to defeat the enemy.
maneuver battlefield operating system the employment of forces on the battlefield through movement and direct fires, in combination with fire support, to achieve a position of advantage in respect to enemy ground forces in order to accomplish the mission.
map exercise (MAPEX) low-cost, low-overhead training exercise that portrays military situations on maps and overlays that may be supplemented with terrain models and sand tables. It enables commanders to train their staffs in performing essential integrating and control functions under simulated wartime conditions.
MASCAL mass casualty
MBA main battle area
MCOFT mobile conduct-of-fire trainer
MEDEVAC medical evacuation
METL mission essential task list
METT-T mission, enemy, terrain, troops, and time available
MG major general
mg machine gun
MI military intelligence
MILES Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System
mission the primary task assigned to an individual, unit, or force. It usually contains the elements of who, what, when, where, and the reasons therefore, but seldom specifies how.
mission essential task a collective task in which an organization must be proficient to accomplish an appropriate portion of its wartime mission(s).
mission essential task list a compilation of collective mission essential tasks which must be successfully performed if an organization is to accomplish its wartime mission.
mission training plan descriptive training document which provides units a clear description of what and how to train to achieve wartime mission proficiency. MTPs elaborate on wartime missions in terms of comprehensive training and evaluation outlines. They provide exercise concepts and related training management aids to assist field commanders in the planning and execution of effective unit training.
MKT mobile kitchen trailer
MLRS multiple launch rocket system
MMC materiel management center
MMT miniature moving target
MOBEX mobilization exercise
mobility, countermobility, and survivability (M/CM/S) battlefield operating system the capability of the force permitting freedom of movement relative to the enemy while retaining the ability to fulfill its primary mission. The mobility, countermobility, and survivability BOS also include those measures that the force takes to remain viable and functional by protection from the effects of enemy weapons systems and natural occurrences.
MOI memorandum of instruction
MOPP mission-oriented protection posture
MOS military occupational specialty
MP military police
MQS military qualification standards
MRA maneuver rights area
MRB motorized rifle battalion
MRC motorized rifle company
MRE meals ready to eat
MRR motorized rifle regiment
MSB main support battalion
MSE mobile subscriber equipment
MSG master sergeant
MST maintenance support team
MTA major training area
MTEP mission training evaluation plan
MTOE modification table of organization and equipment
MTP mission training plan
multiechelon training the simultaneous conduct of different exercises by a unit, or the training of different tasks by elements of the unit. Multiechelon training occurs whenever collective training is being conducted. Any time training above soldier level is going on, multiechelon training is being done.
multiple unit training assembly a training assembly that consists of more than one 4-hour session. For example, a MUTA-4 consists of at least 8 hours training on Saturday and Sunday, for a total of 16 or more hours of training.
MUSARC Major United States Army Reserve Command
MUTA multiple unit training assembly
NA not applicable
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NBC nuclear, biological, chemical
NCO noncommissioned officer
NCOES Noncommissioned Officer Education System
NCOIC noncommissioned officer in charge
NET new equipment training
NLT not later than
NMC nonmission capable
NOD night observation device
NSI nuclear surety inspection
NWTI nuclear weapon technical inspection
OAC Officer Advanced Course
OBC Officer Basic Course
objectives concrete, measurable steps, or milestones, usually taken in sequence to achieve a goal.
observer-controller (OC) an individual tasked to evaluate training, and provide administrative control and constructive feedback to participants during a training exercise.
ODTS optical discrimination and tracking system
OJT on-the-job training
OP observation post
op operation; operator
operating tempo the annual operating miles or hours for the major equipment system in a battalion-level or equivalent organization.
OPTEMPO is used by commanders to forecast and allocate funds for fuel and repair parts for training events and programs.
OPFOR opposing force
OPLAN operations plan
OPORD operations order
opportunity training training conducted by section, squad, team, or crew-level leaders which is preselected, planned, and rehearsed, but not executed until unexpected training time becomes available; for example, when waiting for transportation, or completing scheduled training early, or when a break occurs in a training exercise.
OPSEC operations security
OPTEMPO operating tempo
ORB officer record brief
organizational assessment a process used by Army senior leaders to analyze and correlate evaluations or various functional systems, such as training, logistics, personnel, and force integration, to determine an organization's capability to accomplish its wartime mission.
ORP objective rally point
"P" needs practice
pc personnel carrier
PCS permanent change of station
performance-oriented training training that involves learning by doing. Performance to standard is required.
performance test performance of a task under test conditions that is evaluated on a go/no-go basis using stated standards. Performance tests are based on the training objective.
PEWS platoon early warning system
PFC private first class
PGE preliminary gunners examination
PLDC Primary Leader Development Course
PMCS preventive maintenance checks and services
PMOS primary military occupational specialty
POM preparation for oversea movement
precombat checks detailed final checks that all units conduct before and during combat operations.
pre-execution checks the informal planning and detailed coordination conducted during preparation for training.
prerequisite training skills or knowledge that individuals must have before beginning to learn a task.
preventive maintenance checks and services prescribed maintenance procedures found in an operator-level, item-specific technical manual (TM-10), and performed by the operator before, during, and after operating a piece of equipment.
PSG platoon sergeant
PT physical training
PULHES physical profile serial code (numerical)
PW prisoner of war
QTB quarterly training briefing
QTC quarterly training calendar
quarterly training briefing a conference conducted by AC division commanders to approve the short-range plans of battalion commanders.
quarterly training guidance (QTG) an AC training management document published at each level from battalion to division that addresses a three-month planning period. The QTG adjusts, as required, and further develops the training guidance contained in long-range plans, to include specific training objectives for each major training event.
RC Reserve Components
REC radioelectronic combat
REFORGER return of force to Germany
refresher training training conducted to train again a task with soldiers or units who have previously been proficient but require a reorientation to a task, to include a walkthrough. Refresher training is conducted prior to sustainment training.
Reserve Components individuals and units assigned to the Army National Guard or the US Army Reserve who are not in active service but are subject to call to active duty.
reverse cycle training training which reverses the normal duty day so that training takes place during periods of reduced or limited visibility.
RG readiness group
ROE rules of engagement
ROTC Reserve Officers' Training Corps
RSOP readiness standing operating procedures
S2 intelligence officer
S3 operations officer
S4 supply officer
SATS Standard Army Training System
SAW squad automatic weapon
SFC sergeant first class
SIMNET simulations networking
situational training exercise a mission-related, limited exercise designed to train one collective task, or a group of related tasks or drills, through practice.
SKAs skills, knowledge, and attitudes
SL skill level
slice a term used to describe a grouping of combat arms, combat support, and combat service support units which are task-organized for wartime missions or are habitually associated for peacetime training.
SM soldier's manual
SMOS secondary military occupational specialty
SOF special operating forces
SOI signal operation instructions
SOP standing operating procedure
SPOE seaport of embarkation
S&S supply and service
SSG staff sergeant
SSN social security number
Standard Army Training System database software that integrates the automation of unit METLs, the commander's assessment of proficiency, AMTPs, and training management administration.
stand-to a full alert posture normally assumed from 30 minutes before until 30 minutes after BMNT and EENT. All soldiers are in their fighting positions or vehicles and ready for combat operations.
STARC state area command
STARTEX start of exercise
STP soldier training publication
STX situational training exercise
sustainment training training required to maintain the minimum acceptable level of proficiency or capability required to accomplish a training objective.
SWOT Senior Warrant Officer Training
TAB target acquisition battery
tactical exercise without troops a low-cost, low-overhead exercise conducted in the field on actual terrain suitable for training units for specific missions. It is used to train subordinate leaders and battle staffs on terrain analysis and unit and weapons emplacement. It also trains on planning the execution of the unit mission.
TADSS training aids, devices, simulators, and simulations
TAG The Adjutant General
TASC Training and Audiovisual Support Center
TASC catalogs training aids, films, and devices available in TASC system.
task a clearly defined and measurable activity accomplished by soldiers and units. Tasks are specific activities which contribute to the accomplishment of encompassing missions or other requirements.
TAV technical assistance visit
TC training circular; tank commander
TCF tactical combat forces
TCGST tank crew gunnery skill test
TCPC tank crew proficiency course
TDA tables of distribution and allowances
technical bulletins technical information on weapons, equipment, and professional techniques.
T&EO training and evaluation outline
TEWT tactical exercise without troops
TF task force
threat doctrine tactical and strategic doctrine of enemy forces.
TMT transportation motor transport
TO training objective
TOC tactical operation center
TOE table(s) of organization and equipment
TOW tube-launched, optically tracked, wire-guided
TRADOC US Army Training and Doctrine Command
training the instruction of personnel to individually and collectively increase their capacity to perform specific military functions and tasks.
Training and Audiovisual Support Center an organization that maintains and provides TADSS.
training and evaluation outline a summary document prepared for each training activity that provides information on collective training objectives, related individual training objectives, resource requirements, and applicable evaluation procedures.
training management the process used by Army leaders to identify training requirements and subsequently plan, resource, execute, and evaluate training.
training meeting a periodic meeting conducted by platoon, company, and battalion key leaders to review past training, plan and prepare future training, and exchange timely training information between participants.
training objective a statement that describes the desired outcome of a training activity. A training objective consists of the following three parts: (1) Task. A clearly defined and measurable activity accomplished by individuals or organizations. (2) Condition(s). The circumstances and environment in which a task is to be performed. (3) Standard. The minimum acceptable proficiency required in the performance of a particular training task.
training requirements the difference between demonstrated and desired levels of proficiency for mission essential or battle tasks.
training resources those resources (human, physical, financial, and time) used to support training. They may be controlled by an organization or externally controlled by a headquarters that allocates their use to units as required.
training schedule a document prepared at company level that specifies the who, what, when, and where of training to be conducted by the unit.
training strategy the method used to attain desired levels of training proficiency on mission essential tasks.
TRP target reference point
TSFO tactical simulations forward observer
TSOP tactical standing operating procedure
TTP tactics, techniques, and procedures
TVI technical validation inspection
UCOFT unit conduct-of-fire trainer
unit training assembly an authorized and scheduled period of unit inactive duty training at least four hours in length.
USAR US Army Reserve
UTA unit training assembly
VGT viewgraph transparency
VISMOD visual modification
weaponeer a mobile, automated, reduced-scale individual marksmanship trainer contained in a modified cargo van.
XO executive officer
yearly training briefing (YTB) a conference conducted by RC division commanders to approve the short-range plans of battalion commanders.
yearly training guidance (YTG) an RC training management document published at each level from battalion to division that addresses a one-year planning period. The YTG adjusts, as required, and further develops the training guidance contained in long-range plans, to include specific training objectives for each major training event.
YTC yearly training calendar
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|