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CHAPTER 3

GROUND AND VEHICLE MOUNTS

The MK 19 is used in either the ground- or vehicle-mount mode. The most often used ground mount is the M3 tripod. The M3 serves as a stable platform when the weapon is from any angle. The MK 19 may be mounted on any vehicle equipped for the M2 caliber .50 machine gun. Vehicles include the 1/4-ton utility vehicle (the M151 series), cargo trucks (2 1/2-ton to 5-ton), HMMWV, M113-series APC, and others. The MK 64 MOD 7 gun cradle, issued with the MK 19, gives the MK 19 its mounting flexibility. This chapter outlines the ground- and vehicle-mounting procedures.

3-1. MK 64, MOD 7, GUN CRADLE

Use the MK 67 MOD 7 gun cradle to mount the MK 19 to the machine gun pedestal, stand, ring or tripod mount. Attach the ammunition container bracket to the side plate of the cradle. In the center of the cradle is a pintle bushing and lock in which the M2 caliber .50 and M60 machine guns may be mounted. The front of the MK 19 is mounted on the two forward lugs of the gun cradle. The rear is secured by the retainer pin. Insert the cradle stow pin to hold the cradle in a horizontal position during travel (Figure 3-1).

3-2. GROUND-MOUNTING THE MK 19 USING THE M3 TRIPOD

Mount the MK 19 as close to the ground as possible and lock the tripod's trail legs open. Set the adjustable front tripod leg to an angle of about 60 degrees to the ground. In flat terrain with the extensions closed, for example, use the following method to place the MK 19 about 12 inches above the ground.

a. Set the tripod trail legs (Figure 3-2):

(1) Unscrew the leg-clamping handle; press down on the indexing lever, and extend the leg to the desired length.

(2) Align the indexing lever stud with one of the holes in the tripod leg extension.

(3) Release pressure on the indexing lever allowing the stud to fit the desired hole. Tighten the leg-clamping handle.

b. Set the front leg of the tripod:

(1) Turn the front leg clamp handle counterclockwise to loosen the front leg.

(2) Adjust the leg to the desired angle and tighten the front leg clamp.

c. Secure the tripod legs to the desired angle and tighten the each tripod leg into the ground. Sandbag each leg to stabilize the MK 19 for firing.

d. Mount the M64 MOD 7 gun cradle onto the M3 tripod:

(1) Unlock the tripod pintle lock release cam.

(2) Insert the gun cradle's pintle into the tripod pintle bushing (Figure 3-3).

(3) Lock the pintle lock release cam to secure the gun cradle. Check the gun cradle, by pulling up on it slightly, to ensure that it is seated and locked.

e. Attach the T&E mechanism (Figure 3-4):

(1) Center the elevating handwheel between the upper and lower elevating screws.

(2) Center the traversing handwheel on the upper elevating screw yoke.

(3) Remove the stow pin from the gun cradle (Figure 3-5).

(4) Align the holes in the upper elevating screw yoke of the T&E mechanism with the rear holes in the gun cradle (Figure 3-6).

NOTE : The stow pin locks the cradle in a horizontal position, preventing it from depressing or elevating.

(5) Lock the elevating sleeve mechanism onto the center of the traversing bar.

(6) Insert the quick- release pin from the right (Figure 3-7).

f. Mount the MK 19:

(1) Lift the MK 19 into the gun cradle. One soldier holds the barrel while another holds the control grips. The one holding the grips stands between the trail legs of the tripod; the other straddles the front leg. The soldiers lift the MK 19, barrel first, onto the cradle.

(2) Align the grooves on the receiver with the lugs in the gun cradle, and slide the receiver forward (Figure 3-8).

(3) Align the sear mounting holes with the gun cradle mounting holes (Figure 3-9). Secure the rear of the weapon by inserting the retaining pin through the cradle and sear assembly and rotate it until it locks in place (Figure 3-10). If a safety clip is attached, use it to secure the retaining pin.

g. Attach the feed throat to the MK 19 by squeezing together each set of grip pins (Figure 3-11) and attaching the feed throat to the front left-hand side of the receiver assembly. The pins of the feed throat must line up with the pin holes in the receiver (Figure 3-12). Relax pressure on the spring-loaded grip pins so they will snap into place (Figure 3-13).

NOTES: 1. When the MK 19 is mounted on the M3 tripod or any vehicle, it is called a weapon system.

2. The same procedure is used to mount the MK 19 to the gun cradle regardless of the types of mount used.

3-3. VEHICLE-MOUNTING THE MK 19

This paragraph lists the accessories used to mount the MK 19 to vehicles, and outlines the steps (by vehicle) that must be followed to do so. Since the mounting procedures are similar, they are explained completely for one type of vehicle. For the other types, the similarities are referenced and only the differences are explained in detail.

a. Accessories. Several accessories are used to mount the MK19 on vehicles. The MK 64 MOD 7 gun cradle is used to the mount the MK 19 in any mode. The pintle adapter is used to mount the MK 19 in all vehicular modes. Other accessories are used to mount the MK 19 to specific vehicles:

(1) Pintle adapter. This part is needed to mount the MK 19 to vehicles. The upper end accepts the gun cradle pintle, which is secured by a quick-release pin. Its lower end fits the mounting wells of the M4 pedestal, the HMMWV weapon platform, the M36A2 ring mount with the M66 ring, and the commander's cupola on the M113 APC (Figure 3-14).

(2) Train and elevating assembly. This assembly secures the MK 64 MOD 7 gun cradle to the M4 pedestal or HMMWV weapon platform pedestal and allows mechanical fire control adjustments. The lower end of the train and elevating assembly is attached to the pedestal by a train lock clamp. The clamp may be released or locked in position by a train lock handle. Two positioning clamps are supplied to prevent vertical movement of the train lock clamp on the M4 pedestal. When used on the HMMWV weapon platform pedestal, only one clamp is needed above the train lock clamp. The upper end of the train and elevating assembly is a standard caliber .50 T&E mechanism. It is attached to the lower rear holes in the M4 cradle by a retaining pin (Figure 3-15).

(3) Travel lock adapter. This is used to hold the gun cradle securely during travel. It is attached to the gun cradle by a retaining pin, which is inserted through the gun cradle train and elevating mechanism mounting holes (Figure 3-16).

(4) Travel lock bracket. This bracket allows the travel lock adapter to be used with the M4 pedestal mount. It has two halves that are secured around the pedestal with nuts and bolts. The bracket is attached to the travel lock adapter by aligning their lower holes (Figure 3-17).

(5) Bracket mounting assembly. This assembly supplies a mount for the M548 metal ammunition container. It has a metal frame that attaches to the gun cradle, and a retaining pin that inserts through the top-inner end of the M548 ammunition container (Figure 3-18).

(6) Empty case catch bag. This bag catches empty cartridge cases as they are ejected. It is made of rubberized canvas. It is held in place by a metal rim, which attaches to the bottom of the cradle under the receiver by two hooks and a hanger (Figure 3-19).

NOTE: The vehicular OVM are the only tools needed to mount the MK 19 on vehicles.

b. Vehicle Mounts.

(1) M4 pedestal (M151-series 1/4-ton utility vehicles). To mount the MK 19 on the M4 pedestal--

(a) Loosen the locking lever on the pedestal by turning the lever counterclockwise. Insert the lower end of the pintle adapter into the pedestal. Tighten the lever by turning it clockwise (Figure 3-20). Pull up on the pintle adapter to ensure that it is secure.

(b) Take the quick-release pin from the pintle adapter. Insert the MK 64 gun cradle into the top of the pintle adapter. Replace the quick-release pin (Figure 3-21).

(c) Take out the train and elevating quick-release pin. Attach the train and elevating assembly to the holes in the rear of the gun cradle. Replace the quick-release pin and rotate it to the locked position (Figure 3-22).

(d) Unscrew the train lock handle and hex bolt, separating the clamp into two parts. Place the two halves of the clamp around the M4 pedestal. Replace the bolt and the train lock handle, and tighten them alternately. Tighten the train lock handle and the hex bolt (Figure 3-23).

(e) Take out the hex head bolts from the positioning clamp. Place both parts of the clamp around the M4 pedestal 1/4 inch below the train and elevating clamp. Insert the hex head bolts in the positioning clamp. Tighten the bolts to lock the clamp in place: it should not move up or down the pedestal. Fasten the second clamp 1/4 inch above the train and elevating clamp using the same method (Figure 3-24).

(f) Mount the MK 19.

(g) Partly unscrew the wing nut on the threaded stud of the bracket mounting assembly. Align the stud with the forward groove in the side plate of the gun cradle. Push the bracket mounting assembly up until the heads of the two mounting pins align with the two forward keyholes. Push the heads of the two mounting pins into the keyholes and allow the bracket mounting assembly to slide down. Tighten the wing nut behind the side plate of the cradle (Figure 3-25).

(h) Insert the two hooks on the empty case catch bag through the rear holes in the gun cradle. Engage the single front hanger on the catch bag with the hook on the gun cradle (Figure 3-26).

(2) HMMWV weapon platform (Figure 3-27). To mount the MK 19 on the HMMWV weapon platform, loosen the locking bolts on the side of the HMMWV PEDESTAL WITH A 9/16" wrench. Insert the pintle adapter into the pedestal and tighten the bolts with the wrench. Pull up on the pintle adapter to ensure it is installed securely. Attach the train and elevating assembly to the HMMWV pedestal. Mount the MK 19 and attach the bracket mounting assembly. Attach the empty case catch bag.

(3) M66 ring mount (2 1/2- to 5-ton cargo trucks). To mount the MK 19 on the M66 ring mount, insert the pintle adapter into the M36A2 ring mount with M66 ring receptacle. Install the gun cradle and mount the MK 19. Attach the bracket mounting assembly and the empty case catch bag.

(4) Commander's cupola (M113 APC). To mount the MK 19 on the commander's cupola, install the pintle adapter and the gun cradle. Mount the MK 19 and attach the bracket mounting assembly and the empty case catch bag.

NOTE: Firing from the cupola is commonly referred to as "free gun". The suggested position for firing free gun is standing with the elbows close to the body, the hands on the control grips, the thumbs on the trigger, and the MK 19 close to the chest.

 



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