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APPENDIX A

UNIT TRAINING PROGRAM

     A unit training program must focus on three battlefield variables to be
     effective: the nature of the target (moving or stationary, single or
     multiple); the nature of the firer (stationary or moving); and the
     conditions (full or limited visibility, with or without protective mask,
     day or night). The training program must prepare the unit for war by
     enabling soldiers to develop and sustain proficiency in M249 tasks for
     both leader and soldier. This includes not just individual training but
     the evaluation of soldier proficiency. Good preliminary marksmanship
     training is an integral part of training before and between firings.
     Individual training must be integrated with battle drills and other
     collective training to ensure the program prepares the unit for war.
     This appendix provides guidance for conduct and performance of unit
     training during preliminary marksmanship training for the M249 automatic
     rifle. This proposed training program for units with the bipod-mounted
     M249 AR is subdivided into the following periods:
Introduction. Preliminary marksmanship training and dry fire. Proficiency (performance) examination. 10-meter zero practice and qualification. (NBC is integrated.) Transition range, field zero, and practice firing. (NBC is integrated.) Transition range qualification firing. (NBC is integrated.) Night zero and instructional firing. Night practice firing. A-1. PERIOD 1--INTRODUCTION (3-HOUR PERIOD)

After a brief description of the weapon, soldiers receive the following instruction.

     Disassembly and Assembly                     Time Allowed
      Disassembly.                                 25 minutes
      Operator maintenance:
          Inspection.                              10 minutes
          Cleaning.                                10 minutes
          Lubrication.                             10 minutes
      Assembly.                                    25 minutes
      Disassembly and assembly                     50 minutes
      (practice exercise--optional).       __________________
                              Subtotal     2 hours 10 minutes
     Characteristics of Fire                      Time Allowed
      Burst fire.                                  15 minutes
      Trajectory and beaten zone.                  15 minutes
      Engagements of targets:
          Point.                                   10 minutes
          Area.                                    10 minutes
                                           __________________
                              Subtotal             50 minutes
                                 TOTAL              3 hours

A-2. PERIOD 2--PRELIMINARY MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING AND DRY FIRE (3-HOUR PERIOD)

After a brief description of the training to be conducted, soldiers receive the following instructions on the M249 AR.

     Techniques of Fire                           Time Allowed
      Position and grip, aiming, and
      trigger manipulation.                        30 minutes
      Loading belt and magazine ammunition.        15 minutes
      Reducing stoppages and
      clearing the weapon.                         15 minutes
                                           __________________
                              Subtotal              1 hour
     Dry-Fire Practice                            Time Allowed
      Aiming and firing sequence.                  30 minutes
      Sight setting and sight changes.             30 minutes
      Zeroing procedures.                           1 hour
                                           __________________
                              Subtotal              2 hours
                                 TOTAL              3 hours

A-3. PERIOD 3--PROFICIENCY (PERFORMANCE) EXAMINATION (1-HOUR PERIOD)

This period tests and evaluates tasks learned in Periods 1 and 2. The proficiency examination described in Appendix B may be used in this period of instruction.

                                 TOTAL              1 hour

A-4. PERIOD 4--10-METER ZERO PRACTICE AND QUALIFICATION (4-HOUR PERIOD)

     Instructional Subperiods                     Time Allowed
      Preliminary marksmanship training
      including the four fundamentals and
      bipod positions.                             30 minutes
      Function checks, loading, immediate
      action, clearing, and range safety.          15 minutes
      Introduction to the 10-meter firing
      (includes zeroing and practice
      qualification with NBC integrated on
      the 10-meter target, and scoring of
      the target).                                 15 minutes
      Zero firing.                                  1 hour
      Practice day (NBC integrated) Table I.        1 hour
      Qualification day (NBC integrated) Table I.   1 hour
                                               __________________
                                 TOTAL              4 hours

A-5. PERIOD 5--TRANSITION RANGE PRACTICE FIRING (4-HOUR PERIOD)

     Instruction                                  Time Allowed
      Introduction to field firing (includes
      the transition range organization
      and operation).                              15 minutes
      Fire standard qualification course
      for practice (IAW with procedures
      in Chapter 5).                      3 hours, 45 minutes
                                           ___________________
                                 TOTAL              4 hours

A-6. PERIOD 6--TRANSITION RANGE QUALIFICATION FIRING (NBC INTEGRATED) (4-HOUR PERIOD)

Soldiers fire the standard qualification course for record IAW procedures in Chapter 5.

                                 TOTAL              4 hours

A-7. PERIOD 7--NIGHT ZERO, INSTRUCTIONAL, AND PRACTICE FIRING (4-HOUR PERIOD)

Soldiers receive instruction on mounting, placing the AN/PVS-4 into operation, boresighting, and zeroing the device once it is seated. They fire standard night course as Period 6, except an AN/PVS-4 is mounted on the weapon.

                                 TOTAL              4 hours

A-8. SUMMARY OF HOURS

      Period 1      3
      Period 2      3
      Period 3      1
      Period 4      4
      Period 5      4
      Period 6      4
      Period 7      4
              _____________
         TOTAL     23 hours

A-9. SUMMARY OF AMMUNITION REQUIRED

      Period 4, Table I               108 rounds (zero, practice, and
                                      qualification)
      Periods 5 and 6, Table II       144 rounds (zero, practice, and
                                      qualification)
      Period 7, Table III             90 rounds (seat, boresight, zero,
                                      instructional, and practical)
                          TOTAL       342 rounds



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