Camouflage Requirements and Procedures
This appendix provides information on the LCSS and describes how to erect it. Also included is a figure for determining the amount of modules needed to camouflage the various vehicles in the Army's inventory. This appendix also includes a sample battle drill that can be used to train soldiers.
LIGHTWEIGHT CAMOUFLAGE SCREEN SYSTEM
C-1. The LCSS is a modular system consisting of a hexagon screen, a diamond-shaped screen, a support system, and a repair kit. You can join any number of screens to cover a designated target or area (Figure C-1). Use Figure C-2 to determine the number of modules needed for camouflaging a given area. Measure the vehicle or use Table C-1 to determine the vehicle's dimensions.
Figure C-1. LCSS modular system.
Figure C-2. Module determination chart.
Table C-1. Vehicle dimensions
|C7 loader, scoop, 2-ton, w/o cage||9||9||25||2|
|D7 dozer, with blade||10||12||19||2|
|M106A1 carrier, mortar, 107-mm||7||10||16||2|
|M109A3 howitzer, 155-mm (SP)||11||12||30||3|
|M113A2 carrier, personnel||7||9||16||2|
|M113A3 carrier, personnel||7||9||19||2|
|M125A1 carrier, mortar, 81-mm||7||9||16||2|
|M149 trailer, water, 400-gal||6||7||7||1|
|M172 trailer, low-bed, 25-ton||6||10||35||2|
|M1A1 tank, with mine roller||10||12||40||3|
|M1A1(2) tank, combat, 105- and 120-mm||10||12||28||3|
|M2 fighting vehicle, infantry||10||11||22||2|
|M2 TOW vehicle, improved||11||9||15||2|
|M3 fighting vehicle, cavalry||10||11||22||2|
|M35A2 truck, cargo, 2-ton||9||8||23||2|
|M520 truck, cargo, 8-ton||11||9||32||3|
|M548 carrier, cargo, 6-ton||10||9||21||2|
|M54A2 truck, cargo, 5-ton||10||8||26||2|
|M553 truck, wrecker, 10-ton||11||9||33||3|
|M559 truck, fuel, 2,500-gal||11||9||33||3|
|M577A1 carrier, CP||9||9||19||2|
|M578 vehicle, recovery, light||11||10||21||2|
|M60A3 tank, combat, 105-mm||11||12||27||3|
|M713 truck, ambulance, -ton||7||6||12||2|
|M728 vehicle, combat engineer||11||12||29||3|
|M792 truck, ambulance, 1-ton||8||7||19||2|
|M816 truck, wrecker, 5-ton||10||8||30||3|
|M880 truck, cargo, 1-ton||8||7||19||2|
|M88A1 vehicle, recovery, medium||10||11||27||3|
|M9 vehicle, ACE||9||13||21||2|
|M920 truck, tractor, 20-ton||12||11||27||3|
|M930 truck, dump, 5-ton||9||8||24||2|
|M977 truck, cargo, HEMTT||9||8||34||3|
|M978 truck, tanker, HEMTT||9||8||34||3|
|M992 ammo carrier (FAAS-V)||11||11||23||3|
|M998, HMMWV, carrier, personnel||6||7||15||2|
|MT250 crane, hydraulic, 25-ton||10||8||45||3|
|RT crane, boom, 20-ton||14||11||44||4|
1. See Appendix E for a list of LCSS national stock numbers (NSNs) and ordering information.
2. See TM 5-1080-200-13&P for more information on maintenance, erection, and characteristics of the LCSS.
C-2. The LCSS protects targets in four different ways. It
- Casts patterned shadows that break up the characteristic outlines of a target.
- Scatters radar returns (except when radar-transparent nets are used).
- Traps target heat and allows it to disperse.
- Simulates color and shadow patterns that are commonly found in a particular region.
C-3. To erect camouflage nets effectively
- Keep the net structure as small as possible.
- Maintain the net a minimum of 2 feet from the camouflaged target's surface. This prevents the net from assuming the same shape and thermal signature as the target it is meant to conceal.
- Ensure that the lines between support poles are gently sloped so that the net blends into its background. Sloping the net over the target also minimizes sharp edges, which are more easily detectable to the human eye.
- Extend the net completely to the ground to prevent creating unnatural shadows that are easily detected. This ensures that the net effectively disrupts the target's shape and actually absorbs and scatters radar energy.
- Extend the net all the way around the target to ensure complete protection from enemy sensors.
C-4. Camouflage nets are often employed in conjunction with supplemental camouflage because nets alone do not make a target invisible to a threat's multispectral sensors. Use other CCD techniques to achieve effective concealment. Cover or remove all of the target's reflective surfaces (mirrors, windshields, lights). Also ensure that the target's shadow is disrupted or disguised. Use native vegetation, because placing a target in dense foliage provides natural concealment and a smoother transition between the edges of the camouflage net and the target's background. Cover exposed edges of the net with dirt or cut vegetation to enhance the transition.
Equation 1: A = 2h + w + 5 feet
Equation 2: B = 2h + L + 5 feet
h = height, in feet
w = width, in feet
L = length, in feet
Step 1. Determine the vehicle's dimensions (measure or use Table C-1). For the M2 fighting vehicle, the height is 10 feet, the width is 11 feet, and the length is 22 feet.
Step 2. Use the above equations and the measurements from Step 1 to determine the total dimensions.
A = 2(10) + 11 + 5 = 36 feet
B = 2(10) + 22 + 5 = 47 feet
Step 3. Determine the number of modules needed (use Figure C-2). Since A equals 36 and B equals 47, two modules of camouflage are required to cover the M2 fighting vehicle.
C-6. Units should develop and practice battle drills that cover the requirements and procedures for erecting nets over assigned equipment. Table C-2 shows a sample battle drill.
Table C-2. Sample battle drill
|Personnel Required: Three crew members.|
Equipment Required: Two modules or the following items:
|Stowage Location: The camouflage net is strapped to the right side of the trim vane.|
1. Preassemble the nets before placing them on the M2.
2. Supplement camouflage nets by properly placing vehicles and using natural vegetation.
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