INTEGRATING BATTLEFIELD ACTIONS AND SUPPORT
You help multiply the overall combat power of friendly forces when you integrate your efforts with those of other combat, combat support, and combat service support elements. In the rear area, as elsewhere on the battlefield, successful operations demand an overall unity and synchronization of effort.
Across the battlefield, at every level, as you carry out your missions, operations, and actions, you coordinate and integrate MP battlefield efforts with those of other units, arms, and services supporting or sharing your--
- Mission areas of responsibility and interest.
- Command's operations and responsibilities.
When your unit conducts MSR regulation enforcement or emplaces temporary route signs, you are integrating your efforts with those of Transportation and Engineers. When you work with local authorities to counter terrorism, or when you conduct EPW operations, you consistently coordinate and integrate your efforts with those of MI, PSYOP, and Civil Affairs. When you expedite critical resources en route to combat units, you ensure your BCC operations mesh with Transportation's movement control operations and Engineer's route classification operations.
Mission areas of responsibility or interests cross all levels of command. Leaders, elements, and agencies operating at differing levels of command, but within a shared area of responsibility or interest, consistently and continuously integrate their efforts and coordinate their activities.
You interact with Transportation elements at all levels of command as you evacuate EPWs, work with Transportation's movement control agents to help regulate the theater's highways, and keep Transportation informed of the status of the road network.
The Theater Army Movement Control Agency (TAMCA) provides centralized movement control and highway traffic regulation management for the theater Army. Movement control teams (MCTs) located at each echelon determine and coordinate transportation needs within the command's AO. A highway traffic division (HTD) within each echelon controls movement on the command's highway network. At corps MP coordination is enhanced by the presence of the MP liaison between MP brigade staff and MP serving in the corps support command's movement control center (MCC).
Below corps, transportation management and movement control is carried out by a division transportation officer (DTO) and the movement control officer (MCO) assigned to each division.
The functions of the HTDs and DTOs are to--
- Plan, route, schedule, coordinate, and direct road movements based on the command's priorities.
- Through the G5, coordinate the use of host nation national highways or MSRs and alternates.
- Establish the command's highway regulation plan and develop and update traffic circulation plan overlays.
- Set and implement priorities for highway movement.
- Process requests for route clearance from units within the area of jurisdiction.
- Consolidate requests and issue movement credits for supervised, dispatch, and when needed, reserve routes.
- Schedule road use of -
--Oversize or overweight vehicles.
--Vehicles moving by infiltration.
--Troop movements on foot.
- Exert control over the highway network with highway regulating point teams (HRPTs).
- Change routes, schedules, and priorities as dictated by the situation.
- Maintain situation map of military road network to show current data on construction, detours, defiles, capacities, and surface conditions.
- Set procedures for reporting road construction requirements to the Engineer construction activity.
- Evaluate, record, and disseminate information from other traffic headquarters.
You work jointly with Engineers to help divisions and other combat units cross rivers. You integrate MP support into Engineer area damage control (ADC) operations; you contribute to Engineer route classification efforts. You interact with Engineers for mobility and survivability support to enhance the effectiveness of your efforts for BCC and area security. And you look to Engineers for construction capabilities for EPW operations.
Coordination takes place at each echelon. Each division is assigned an organic Engineer battalion. The division engineer plans and supervises Engineer support activities.
MP requests for Engineer support go through the PM section to the ACofS, G3, then to the division engineer. When the division is organized by maneuver brigades, the senior Engineer officer in the brigade S3 coordinates support. MP platoon leaders send support requests through the brigade S3 to the Engineer officer.
Each corps is supported by an organic Engineer brigade. MP coordinate with the echelon Engineers for constructing EPW holding areas. All requests for Engineer support go through the rear CP. The rear operations cell in the corps rear CP controls coordination of Engineer assets.
Each TAACOM is supported by an Engineer group or brigade. The Engineer brigade and group plan, coordinate, and supervise the construction of roads, railways, pipelines, bridges, airfields, ports, enemy prisoner of war facilities. Requests for Engineer support pass from the area support group to the TAACOM's Engineer brigade. (Construction of EPW and CI enclosures in the theater may require dedicated assets from the theater Army Engineers.)
You routinely interact with Field Artillery, Army Aviation, and USAF Tactical Air to coordinate fire support for MP operations. Your need for fire support for MP operations is likely to be greatest in your combat role in rear operations. The availability of ground and/or air indirect fire support for MP operations depends on the level of Threat, the overall tactical situation, and the--
- Degree to which it would reduce fire support to the main battle effort.
- Responsiveness of the available weapons systems.
- Precision and collateral damage effects of the weapons systems.
- Communications nets available to facilitate fire support activities.
- Availability of observers to identify targets and adjust fires.
Field Artillery fire support officers and fire support elements at each level of command coordinate the command's fire support. Most often Field Artillery units will provide the fire support for rear area operations. Indirect fires from Army Aviation and USAF tactical aircraft are seldom likely to be employed in rear operations against enemy small-unit operations that can be defeated by bases or by a response force. But defeating some Threat forces may require the use of these indirect fire assets.
When it is available, Army Aviation and USAF fire can support can increase a response force's combat power, which will cause the enemy to expend itself fighting air and ground forces simultaneously.
Additionally, Army Aviation's attack helicopters can provide air-ground communications to coordinate and adjust indirect fires when tactical air and artillery are employed.
USAF tactical aircraft are less likely to be available for rear operations than Army Aviation assets. Tactical aircraft missions are normally flown near the FLOT against moving armor, lightly-armored vehicles, and personnel. Preplanned CAS missions like those scheduled 24 hours before a counterattack, are unlikely to be part of MP operations. However, USAF "immediate" CAS may at times be available.
USAF CAS missions, although flown at the request of ground forces, are controlled by the USAF through the tactical air control system. Requests for "immediate" tactical air support are forwarded through USAF channels on the high-frequency air request net from the tactical air control party directly to the air support operations center. See FM 6-20 for discussion of fire support in combined arms operations. See FMs 6-30 and 6-20-30 for details on fire support and the procedures for its employment.
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