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Military

Chapter 25
DEMOBILIZATION

This chapter describes the personnel portion of the demobilization process for Reserve Component units/individuals of a contingency force following redeployment.

PROPONENCY

The proponent for demobilization is the DCSOPS. The proponent for the personnel dimension of demobilization is the DCSPER. The Forces Command (FORSCOM) commander, is the executing agent for unit demobilization.

OVERVIEW

Personnel demobilization planning involves analyzing the personnel unit workload and personnel actions required to efficiently complete the demobilization process over time. Planning in the sustaining base may consider the following actions to complete the mission:

  • Relocating units and individuals.
  • Hiring temporary civilian personnel.
  • Using Reserve Component personnel.

Planning in the theater will consider those personnel actions that commanders can initiate before the soldier, Army civilian, or unit returns to the sustaining base. Units should complete awards and evaluations before departing the theater of operations. This is especially important for those soldiers who redeploy and go through the mobilization process individually. Reconstructing documentation for these soldiers after separation from their units is a difficult process.

Installation military personnel divisions (MPD) and personnel services battalions (PSB) must prepare to provide correct demobilization documentation for soldiers. While operational or other factors may affect a unit's scheduled demobilization date, personnel processing should require no more than five working days.

One or more CONUS replacement centers (CRC) will serve as CONUS demobilization centers to accommodate individual soldier demobilization. The installation of assignment will process those soldiers stationed in CONUS. CRCs provide demobilization processing for Reserve Component soldiers who reside OCONUS.

Unit members redeploying with their unit will demobilize at the unit's designated demobilization station. Units will normally process through the original mobilization station. Members of Reserve Component units that did not deploy outside CONUS will demobilize at the unit's duty station.

THEATER DEMOBILIZATION ACTIONS

Units will complete evaluation reports for all soldiers who will redeploy individually before they leave the theater of operations. They may defer completing reports for soldiers returning to the demobilization station with the unit; however, commanders must ensure completion before unit demobilization.

Commanders must submit award recommendations for all deserving soldiers who will redeploy individually before they depart. They will furnish recommended soldiers with orders and other award elements or notify them of disapproval.

Unit commanders will provide those soldiers recommended for awards, and who will not redeploy with the unit, with information on award status. Additionally, they will provide information on how to inquire about the recommendation.

SUSTAINING BASE PERSONNEL DEMOBILIZATION ACTIONS

Soldiers serving involuntarily on active duty and those on active duty beyond their scheduled relief date will have priority for demobilization processing. Where necessary, installation commanders may delay relief from active duty to complete medical and dental processing.

Demobilization stations may retain soldiers voluntarily up to 30 days to complete administrative actions associated with demobilization. Time required to locate records, obtain prior service documentation, or resolve pay problems, may delay demobilization. The goal is to accomplish transition processing without undue delay and with dignity while not sacrificing accuracy in document preparation.

Commanders processing soldiers for relief from active duty will furnish them the necessary separation documents (for example, a DD Form 214, Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty). Additionally, the orders publication authority will publish release from active duty orders. This requirement applies even when Reserve Component soldiers are serving voluntarily on active duty with self-terminating orders.

Unit commanders determine final award recommendation results before departing the demobilization station and will present awards in appropriate ceremonies. They will also inform soldiers of disapproved recommendations. Pending final action on award recommendations, authorized commanders may approve interim awards. In these instances, the commander informs soldiers of the original award recommendation status and provides information for future inquiries.

Units complete required evaluation reports before leaving the demobilization station. The installation military personnel division assists in ensuring evaluation report completion and processing.

The continental United States Armies (CONUSA) will issue orders announcing unit demobilization and provide personnel listings to the demobilization station. Several time considerations will affect actual release dates. Units will need time for travel to their home stations. Selected unit members will need time at the home station for administrative reasons. Some soldiers will take transition leave after arrival at the home station.

Soldiers scheduled for release from active duty before their unit's scheduled demobilization will remain assigned to the unit until their separation date. Demobilization station commanders will reassign soldiers, who will separate after their unit's demobilization, to an active duty unit or the installation transition activity pending separation.

The transition activity will forward DD Forms 214 and any unpaid pay and allowances for soldiers on transition leave to their home addresses. The mailing will take place on the separation date.

Family support focus shifts to family reintegration and crisis intervention during demobilization. The impressions that spouses and other family members form during this experience will affect soldiers' decisions regarding continued service in the Reserve Component. Public perceptions, primarily through the media, will impact on national will and support for future operations. Therefore, every effort must be made to assure a smooth reunion process and transition to family life through coordination for homecoming ceremonies and celebrations at supporting installations and communities.

MANPOWER

Installations designated as demobilization stations must plan for and document manpower requirements for this mission. Authorizations must support timely unit and individual demobilization.

RESPONSIBILITIES

The military personnel dimension of the demobilization process depends on the following units and agencies. They have critical roles in establishing and operating the demobilization system.

INSTALLATIONS

Responsibilities include the following:

  • Include manpower for the demobilization mission in planning and personnel requirements documentation.
  • Support units and individuals during demobilization.
  • Provide family support. Coordinate with the STARC and MUSARC family program coordinators and family support groups.
  • Complete all required demobilization actions.

TRADOC

Responsibilities include the following:

  • Designate and supervise CRC demobilization centers and demobilization stations on TRADOC installations.
  • Ensure that TRADOC installations with a demobilization mission prepare adequate plans for executing that mission.

FORSCOM

Responsibilities include the following:

  • Designate and supervise demobilization stations on FORSCOM installations.
  • Ensure that FORSCOM installations with a demobilization mission prepare adequate plans for executing that mission.

USTA PERSCOM

USTA PERSCOM will publish implementation guidance from DCSPER policy.

HQDA DCSPER

Responsibilities include the following:

  • Announce any policy modification required in transition processing (for example, special medical processing, involuntary retention reversal, accrued leave, and release dates).
  • Monitor the demobilization process through strength reports from demobilization stations.



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