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Military

Glossary

AADC area air defense commander--the overall responsibility for air defense assigned to a single commander within a unified command, subordinate united command, or joint task force; this is normally the component commander with the preponderance of air defense capabilities and the command, control, and communications capabilities to plan and execute integrated air defense operations; other components involved provide representation, as appropriate, to the area air defense commander's headquarters
AAMDC Army Air and Missile Defense Command (Provisional)
ABCA America, Britain, Canada, Australia Armies Standardization Program
ACA airspace control authority--the commander designated to assume overall responsibility for the operation of airspace control system in the airspace control area
ACE Allied Command Europe
ACSA Acquisition Cross-Service Agreements
AD air defense
ADA air defense artillery
ADP automated data processing
airevac aeromedical evacuation
AJP allied joint publication
alliance the result of formal agreements (i.e., treaties) between two or more nations for broad, long-term objectives which further the common interests of the members (proposed Joint Pub 5-0)
AM amplitude modulation
AO area of operation--the operational area defined by the joint force commander for land and naval forces; does not typically encompass the entire operational area of the joint force commander, but should be large enough for component commanders to accomplish their missions and protect their forces; Army--geographical area, usually defined by lateral, forward, and rear boundaries assigned to a commander, by a higher commander, in which he has responsibility and authority to conduct military operations; see also area of influence and battlespace (FM 100-5, FM 100-15, and FM 100-20)
AOI area of interest--a three-dimensional space wherein a commander is directly capable of influencing operations by maneuver or fire support systems normally under the commander's command or control; includes both organic and supporting combat power, to include joint, multinational, or interagency assets (Joint Pub 1-02)
AOR area of responsibility--the geographical area associated with a combatant command within which a combatant commander has authority to plan and conduct operations; in naval usage, a predefined area of enemy terrain for which supporting ships are responsible for covering by fire on known targets or targets of opportunity and by observation
ARFOR Army force
ARRC allied rapid reaction corps
ASCC Army service component commander--the principal advisor to the commander in chief for supporting and employing Army forces in theater and forces outside the theater tasked to support theater operations; this command consists of those Army individuals, units, detachments, organizations, and installations; responsible for all command aspects of Army forces, to include logistics within the unified command
ATACM Army Tactical Missile System
battlespace the conceptual physical volume in which the commander seeks to dominate the enemy; it expands and contracts in relation to the commander's ability to acquire and engage the enemy or can change as the commander's vision of the battlefield changes; encompasses three dimensions and is influenced by the operational dimensions of time, tempo, depth, and synchronization; is not assigned by a higher commander nor constrained by assigned boundaries
C2 command and control--the exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned forces in the accomplishment of the mission; functions performed through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communication, facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission (Joint Pub 1-02)
C2W command and control warfare
C3I command, control, communications, and intelligence
C3IC coalition coordination, communications, and integration center--established in the absence of a single commander or in-place alliance to coordinate multinational activities; provides unanimity of effort among coalition ground forces without the benefits of unity of command (FM 100-7)
C4I command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence
CA civil affairs
CAS close air support
CFC Combined Forces Command (Korea)
CI civilian internees
CINC commander in chief
CJTF commander, joint task force
CMO civil-military operations
CMOC civil-military operations center
coalition an ad hoc arrangement between two or more nations for a common action, for instance, the coalition that defeated Iraqi aggression against Kuwait in the Gulf War, 1990-1991 (proposed Joint Pub 5-0)
coalition action multinational action outside the bounds of established alliances, usually for single occasions or longer cooperation in a narrow sector of common interest; see also combined action (proposed Joint Pub 5-0)
coalition force a force composed of military elements of nations that have formed a temporary alliance for some specific purpose (Joint Pub 1-02)
COCOM combatant command (command authority)
combatant command
(command authority)
nontransferable command authority established by Title 10, United States Code, Section 164, exercised only by commanders of unified or specified combatant commands unless otherwise directed by the President or the Secretary of Defense; the authority of a combatant commander to perform those functions of command over assigned forces involving organizing and employing commands and forces, assigning tasks, designating objectives, and giving authoritative direction over all aspects of military operations, joint training, and logistics necessary to accomplish the missions assigned to the command; should be exercised through the commanders of subordinate organizations; normally exercised through the service or functional component commander; provides full authority to organize and employ commands and forces as the combatant commander considers necessary to accomplish assigned missions (Joint Pub 1-02)
combatant commander a commander in chief of one of the unified or specified combatant commands established by the President (Joint Pub 1-02)
combat power the total means of destructive and/or disruptive force which a military unit/formation can apply against the opponent at a given time (Joint Pub 1-02)
combat zone that area required by combat forces for the conduct of operation; territory forward of the Army rear area boundary (Joint Pub 1-02)
combined action between two or more forces or agencies of two or more allies (when all allies or services are not involved, the participating nations and services shall be identified (e.g., Combined navies) (Joint Pub 1-02)
combined doctrine fundamental principles that guide the employment of forces of two or more nations in coordinated action toward a common objective (Joint Pub 1-02)
combined force a military force composed of elements of two or more allied nations (HQ Training and Doctrine Command)
combined operation an operation conducted by forces of two or more allied nations acting together for the accomplishment of a single mission (Joint Pub 1-02)
combined warfare warfare conducted by forces of two or more allied nations in coordinated action toward common objectives (Joint Pub 1-02)
command the authority that a commander in the military service lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignment; includes the authority and responsibility for effectively using available resources and for planning the employment of, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling military forces for the accomplishment of assigned missions (Joint Pub 1-02)
compatibility two or more items or components of equipment or material existing or functioning in the same system or environment without mutual interference
CONPLAN operations plan in concept format
control authority which may be less than full command exercised by a commander over part of the activities of subordinate or other organizations (Joint Pub 1-02)
coordinating authority a commander or individual assigned responsibility for coordinating specific functions or activities involving forces of two or more services or two or more forces of the same service; the commander or individual has the authority to require consultation between the agencies involved, but does not have the authority to compel agreement; in the event that essential agreement cannot be obtained, the matter shall be referred to the appointing authority (Joint Pub 1-02)
COR concept of requirements
CPX command post exercise
CSS combat service support
DCA defensive counterair
delegation of authority action by which a commander assigns part of his authority commensurate with the assigned task to a subordinate commander; while ultimate responsibility cannot be relinquished, delegation of authority carries with it the imposition of a measure of responsibility; the extent of the authority delegated must be clearly stated (Joint Pub 1-02)
doctrine fundamental principles by which the military forces or elements thereof guide their actions in support of national objectives; authoritative but requires judgment in application (Joint Pub 1-02)
DOD Department of Defense
DOS Department of State
DPG defense planning guidance
DSAA Defense Security Assistance Agency
EAC echelons above corps
EPW enemy prisoner of war
EW electronic warfare--any military action involving the use of electromagnetic and directed energy to control the electromagnetic spectrum or to attack the enemy; the three major subdivisions within electronic warfare are electronic attack, electronic protection, and electronic warfare support; in Army usage, use of electromagnetic energy to determine, exploit, reduce, or prevent hostile use of the electromagnetic spectrum and to ensure friendly use thereof
FAA Foreign Assistance Act
FAO foreign area officer
FM frequency modulation; field manual
FRAGO fragmentary orders
FSCL fire support coordination line
FSU forward support unit
functional component commander a military commander responsible for the employment and sustainment of assigned forces normally, but not necessarily, composed of forces of two or more services which may be established in peacetime or war to perform particular operational missions that may extend over a period of time (Joint Pub 1-02)
functions the appropriate or assigned duties, responsibilities, missions, or tasks of an individual, office, or organization; as defined in National Security Act of 1947, as amended, the term function includes functions, powers, and duties (Joint Pub 1-02)
GCC ground component command (Korea only)
GE Germany
GIE global information environment
GO government organization
HET heavy equipment transporter
HN host nation
HNS host nation support--civil and/or military assistance rendered by a nation to foreign forces within its territory during peacetime, crisis or emergencies, or war based upon agreements mutually concluded between nations (Joint Pub 1-02)
HQ headquarters
HUMINT human intelligence
IFF identification, friend or foe
INFOSYS information systems
intelligence the product resulting from the collection, processing, integration, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of available information concerning foreign countries or areas (Joint Pub 1-02)
interchangeability a condition which exists when two or more items possess such functional and physical characteristics as to be equivalent in performance and durability, and are capable of being exchanged one for the other without alteration of the items themselves or of adjoining items, except for adjustment, and without selection for fit and performance (Joint Pub 1-02)
interoperability the ability of systems, units, or forces to provide services to and accept services from other systems, units, or forces and to use the services so exchanged to enable them to operate effectively together (Joint Pub 1-02)
IO international organization
IPB intelligence-preparation-of-the-battlespace
ISB intermediate staging base
ISE intelligence support element
IT Italy
JAG judge advocate general
JFACC joint force air component commander--derives authority from the JFC who has the authority to exercise operational control, assign missions, direct coordination among subordinate commanders, redirect, and organize forces to ensure unity of effort in the accomplishment of the overall mission; normally designated by the JFC; responsibilities assigned by the joint force commander (normally these include, but are not limited to, planning, coordination, allocation, and tasking based on the JFC's apportionment decision); using the JFC's guidance and authority, and in coordination with other service component commanders and other assigned or supporting commanders, recommends to the JFC apportionment of air sorties to various missions or geographic areas (Joint Pub 1-02)
JFC joint force commander
JFLCC joint force land component commander--the commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of land forces, planning and coordinating land operations, or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned; JFLCC is given the authority necessary to accomplish missions and tasks assigned by the establishing commander; JFLCC is normally the commander with the preponderance of land forces and the requisite command and control capabilities
JIC joint implementation committee
JIP joint implementation plan
JLP joint logistics plan
JLSP joint logistics support plan
JMC joint movement center
joint connotes activities, operations, organizations, etc., in which elements of more than one service of the same nation participate (when all services are not involved, the participating services shall be identified, e.g., Joint Army-Navy) (Joint Pub 1-02)
joint doctrine fundamental principles that guide the employment of forces of two or more services in coordinated action toward a common objective; promulgated by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in coordination with the combatant commands, services, and Joint Staff (Joint Pub 1-02)
joint force a general term applied to a force composed of significant elements of the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps and the Air Force or two or more of these services, operating under a single commander authorized to exercise combatant command or operational control over joint forces (Joint Pub 1-02)
JPC/G joint planning commission or group
JSCP joint strategic capabilities plan
JSP joint support plan
JTCB joint targeting coordination board
JTF joint task force
LCC land component commander
lead nation-liaison that contact or intercommunication maintained between elements of military forces to ensure mutual understanding and unity of purpose and action (Joint Pub 1-02)
LNO liaison officer
LOAC laws of armed conflict
LOC line of communication
LOGCAP Logistics Civil Augmentation Program
logistics the science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of forces. In its most comprehensive sense, those aspects of military operations which deal with design and development, acquisition, storage, movement, distribution, maintenance, evacuation, and disposition of material; movement, evacuation, and hospitalization of personnel; acquisition or construction, maintenance, operation, and disposition of facilities; acquisition or furnishing of services (Joint Pub 1-02)
LRC lesser regional contingency
LSE logistics support element
MACOM major Army command
maneuver a movement to place ships or aircraft in a position of advantage over the enemy; a tactical exercise carried out at sea, in the air, on the ground, or on a map in imitation of war; the operation of a ship, aircraft, or vehicle to cause it to perform desired movements; employment of forces on the battlefield through movement in combination with fire, or fire potential, to achieve a position of advantage in respect to the enemy in order to accomplish the mission (Joint Pub 1-02)
MDA multinational deployment agency
MEDEVAC medical evacuation
METT-T mission, enemy, terrain, troops-time available
MFA ministry of foreign affairs
MFC multinational force commander--a general term applied to a commander who exercises command authority over a military force composed of elements of two or more nations; the extent of the MFC's command authority is determined by the participating nations (proposed in Joint Pub 3-16)
MIE military information environment
MLS/E multinational support command/element
MLT mobile liaison team
MNF multinational force
MOD ministry of defense
MOOTW military operations other than war--the range of military actions required by the National Command Authorities, except those associated with major combat operations, conducted pursuant to a declaration of war or authorized by the War Powers Limitation Act, in support of National Security interests and objectives; these military actions can be applied to complement any combination of the other instruments of national power and occur before, during, and after war. Also known as operations other than war (OOTW) (Joint Pub 3-07)
MRC major regional contingency
MSC/E multinational support command/element
MSR main supply route
multinational
operations
a collective term to describe military actions conducted by forces of two or more nations, typically organized within the structure of a coalition or alliance (Joint Pub 3-0)
national security
objectives
those fundamental aims, goals, and purposes of a nation stated in the national security strategy toward which a security policy is directed and efforts and resources of the nation are applied (Joint Pub 3-0)
national security policy a broad course of action or statements of guidance adopted by the government and the national-level command authority in pursuit of national security objectives (Joint Pub 3-0)
National Security
Strategy
the art and science of developing, applying, and coordinating the instruments of national power (diplomatic, economic, military, and informational) to achieve objectives that contribute to national security (Joint Pub 1-02)
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NBC warfare nuclear, biological, and chemical warfare
NCA National Command Authorities--the President and the Secretary of Defense or their duly deputized alternates or successors (Joint Pub 1-02)
NDP national disclosure policy
NGO nongovernmental organization--transnational, nonprofit organization of private citizens that maintains a consultative status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations; may be professional associations, foundations, multinational businesses, or simply groups with a common interest in humanitarian assistance (development and relief) (Joint Pub 3-07, 16 June 1995)
NSE national support element
objective the physical object of the action taken, e.g., a definite tactical feature, the seizure and/or holding of which is essential to the commander's plan (Joint Pub 1-02)
OCA offensive counterair
OPCOM operational command (NATO)
OPCON operational control--transferable command authority that may be exercised by commanders at any echelon at or below the level of combatant command; inherent in combatant command (command authority) and is the authority to perform those functions of command over subordinate forces involving organizing and employing commands and forces, assigning tasks, designating objectives, and giving authoritative direction necessary to accomplish the mission; includes authoritative direction over all aspects of military operations and joint training necessary to accomplish missions assigned to the command; should be exercised through the commanders of subordinate organizations; normally exercised through the service component commanders; normally provides full authority to organize commands and forces and to employ those forces as the commander in operational control considers necessary to accomplish assigned missions; does not, in and of itself, include authoritative direction for logistics or matters of administration, discipline, internal organization, or unit training (Joint Pub 1-02)
operating forces those forces whose primary missions are to participate in combat and the integral supporting elements thereof (Joint Pub 1-02)
operation a military action or the carrying out of a strategic, tactical, service, training, or administrative military mission; the process of carrying on combat, including movement, supply, attack, defense, and maneuvers needed to gain the objectives of any battle or campaign (Joint Pub 1-02)
operational level of war the level of war at which campaigns and major operations are planned, conducted, and sustained to accomplish strategic objectives within theaters or areas of operations; activities at this level link tactics and strategy by establishing operational objectives needed to accomplish the strategic objectives, sequencing events to achieve the operational objectives, initiating actions, and applying resources to bring about and sustain these events; these activities imply a broader dimension of time or space than do tactics; they ensure the logistics and administrative support of tactical forces and provide the means by which tactical successes are exploited to achieve strategic objectives (Joint Pub 1-02)
OPLAN operation plan
OPORD operations order
OPSEC operations security
PA public affairs
POD port of debarkation
POE port of embarkation
POL petroleum, oils, and lubricants
POLAD political advisor
PSS personnel service support
PSYOP psychological operations--planned operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals; the purpose is to induce or reinforce foreign attitudes and behaviors favorable to the originator's objectives (Joint Pub 1-02)
PVO private voluntary organization--private, nonprofit humanitarian assistance organization involved in development and relief activities; normally US-based; PVO is often used synonymously with the term nongovernmental organization (Joint Pub 3-08, First Working Draft, Dec 94)
QSTAG quadripartite standardization agreement (ABCA)
RC reserve component
RII relevant information and intelligence
ROE rules of engagement
RSI rationalization, standardization, and interoperability
RSO&I reception, staging, onward movement, and integration
RSU rear support unit
SA security assistance
SACEUR Supreme Allied Command Europe
service component
command
command consisting of the service component commander and all those individuals, units, detachments, organizations, and installations under the command that are assigned to the unified command (Joint Pub 1-02)
SHORAD short-range air defense
SO special operations--operations conducted by specially organized, trained, and equipped military and paramilitary forces to achieve military, political, economic, or psychological objectives by unconventional military means in hostile, denied, or politically sensitive areas; conducted during peacetime competition, conflict, and war, independently or in coordination with operations of conventional, nonspecial operations forces; political-military considerations frequently shape special operations, requiring clandestine, covert, or low visibility techniques and oversight at the national level; differ from conventional operations in degree of physical and political risk, operational techniques, mode of employment, independence from friendly support, and dependence on detailed operational intelligence and indigenous assets (Joint Pub 1-02)
SOF special operations forces
SOFA status of forces agreement
SOP standing operating procedures
SOR statement of requirement
STANAG standardization agreement (NATO)
standardization within NATO, the process of developing concepts, doctrines, procedures, and designs to achieve and maintain the most effective levels of compatibility, interoperability, and commonality in fields of operations, administration, and materiel
strategic level of war the level of war at which a nation, often as a member of a group of nations, determines national or multinational (alliance or coalition) security objectives and guidance and develops and uses national resources to accomplish those objectives; activities at this level establish national and multinational military objectives, sequence initiatives, define limits, and assess risks for the use of military and other instruments of national power; develops global plans or theater war plans to achieve these objectives; provides military forces and other capabilities in accordance with strategic plan (Joint Pub 1-02)
support the action of a force which aids, protects, complements, or sustains another force in accordance with a directive requiring such action; a unit which helps another unit in battle (aviation, artillery, or naval gunfire may be used as a support for infantry); a part of any unit held back at the beginning of an attack as a reserve; an element of a command which assists, protects, or supplies other forces in combat (Joint Pub 1-02)
TA technical agreement or arrangement
TACCIMS Theater Automated Command and Control Information Management System
TACOM tactical command
TACON tactical control--the detailed, and usually, local direction and control of movements or maneuvers necessary to accomplish missions or tasks assigned (Joint Pub 1-02)
tactical level of war the level of war at which battles and engagements are planned and executed to accomplish military objectives assigned to tactical units or task forces; activities at this level focus on the ordered arrangement and maneuver of combat elements in relation to each other and to the enemy to achieve combat objectives (Joint Pub 1-02)
TBM tactical ballistic missile
TCC transportation control center
TMD theater missile defense
TOA transfer of authority
TPFDD time-phased force and deployment data
TTP tactics, techniques, and procedures
TU Turkey
UCP Unified Command Plan
UJTL universal joint task list
UK United Kingdom
UN United Nations
unity of command/
unity of effort
directing and coordinating the action of all forces toward a common objective; may be achieved by cooperation (the usual method at national and alliance level); at theater level and below, best achieved by vesting a single commander with the requisite authority to direct and to coordinate all forces employed in pursuit of a common goal; at the strategic level, this common goal equates to the political purpose of the United States and the broad strategic objectives which flow from this purpose; at the national level, this common goal determines the military forces necessary for its achievement; the coordination of these forces requires unity of effort; the President as the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces is assisted in this role by the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and combatant commands in or in support of a theater; employment of forces in a theater in a manner that develops their full combat power requires unity of effort (Joint Pub 3-0)
UNPROFOR United Nations Protective Force
US United States
USACE US Allied Command Europe
USACOM US Atlantic Command
USAMC US Army Materiel Command
USAREUR US Army European Command
US country team the senior, in-country US coordinating and supervising body, headed by the chief of the US diplomatic mission (usually an ambassador) and composed of the senior member of each represented US department or agency as desired by the chief of the US diplomatic mission (Joint Pub 1-02)
WHNS wartime host nation support



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