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This manual is one of a series that describes a capabilities-based Opposing Force (OPFOR) for training U.S. Army commanders, staffs, and units. See Reference section for a list of the manuals in this series. Together, these manuals outline an OPFOR that can cover the entire spectrum of military capabilities against which the Army must train to ensure success in any future conflict.

Applications for this series of manuals include field training, training simulations, and classroom instruction throughout the Army. All Army training venues should use an OPFOR based on these manuals, except when mission rehearsal or contingency training requires maximum fidelity to a specific country-based threat. Even in the latter case, trainers should use appropriate parts of this capabilities-based OPFOR to fill information gaps in a manner consistent with what they do know about a specific threat.

The proponent for this publication is HQ TRADOC. Send comments and recommendations on DA Form 2028 directly to the Threat Support Directorate of the TRADOC Office of Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence at the following address: Director, Threat Support Directorate, ATTN: ATIN-L-T (Bldg 53), 700 Scott Avenue, Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-1323.

Readers can also view this manual via the World Wide Web (WWW) at Periodic updates, subject to the normal approval process, will occur through this electronic medium. Updated printed copies of this manual will only occur as a result of the normal production cycle in accordance with TRADOC regulation 25-31, paragraph 5-2. The date on the "cover" of the electronic version will reflect the latest update.

Nomenclatures of weapons and equipment in this publication are in compliance with international standardization agreements (STANAGs) 2097 and 3236.

Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men.

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