Operations in an Unexploded Ordnance Environment
Experience from Operation Desert Storm revealed that a battlefield strewn with unexploded ordnance (UXO) poses a twofold challenge for commanders at all levels: one, to reduce the potential for fratricide from UXO hazards and two, to minimize the impact that UXO may have on the conduct of combat operations. Commanders must consider risks to joint force personnel from all sources of UXO and integrate UXO into operational planning and execution. This tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP) publication provides methodologies for planning, implementing, and executing procedures to protect forces from unexploded submunitions.
Submunition UXO Hazards
Chapter I defines the hazards and impacts on operations from air and surface delivered submunition ordnance. While the risk appears low to armored and mechanized forces, their personnel in dismounted operations and support elements face a much greater risk when exposed to UXO. Commanders must be aware of the hazards and make an assessment of the risk to their operations if transiting UXO hazard areas.
Joint Force Operations
Chapter II discusses the joint force procedures for reducing UXO casualties and fratricide potential. Staff responsibilities and procedures for joint force planning, reporting, tracking, and disseminating UXO hazard area information are identified. This chapter also includes recommended TTP for units transiting or operating within an UXO hazard area. Properly integrated, these procedures will save lives and reduce the impact of UXO on operations.
Service Operations and Procedures
Chapter III explains the individual service methodologies for planning, reporting, and tracking submunition ordnance. These methodologies include submunition ordnance employment and UXO found on the battlefield. Each of the service systems is discussed and procedures are established to integrate UXO tracking and reporting into planning and operations.
The following commands and agencies participated in the development of this publication:
US Atlantic Command, J723, Norfolk Naval Base, VA 23551-2448
Joint Warfighting Center, Fort Monroe, VA 23651-5000
US Army Training and Doctrine Command, ATDO-J, Fort Monroe, VA 23651-5000
US Army Training and Doctrine Command, ATCD-SB, Fort Monroe, VA 23651-5000
US Army Infantry School, ATSH-ATD, Fort Benning, GA 31905-5007
US Army Field Artillery School, ATSF-TW, Fort Sill, OK 73503-5000
US Army Engineer School, ATSE-TD-D, Fort Leonard Wood, MO 65473-5221
US Army Ordnance Center and School, ATSL-CD-CS, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005-5201
US Army Transportation School, ATSP-TDJ, Fort Eustis, VA 23511-3790
US Army Combined Arms Command and Fort Leavenworth, ATZL-SWW, Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-5000
XVIII Abn Corps, AFZA-GT-B, Fort Bragg, NC 28307-5000
4th Squadron, 16th Cavalry Regiment, US Army Armor School, ATSB-SBD-D, Fort Knox, KY 40121-5211
552 Ordnance Group (EOD), Fort Gilliam, GA 30049-5000
US Army Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate, AMSEL-RD-NV-MN, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060
US Army Materiel Command, AMCAM-PP, AMSM, Alexandria, VA 22333-0001
Marine Corps Combat Development Command, Joint Doctrine Branch (C427), Quantico, VA 22134
Naval Doctrine Command, N3, Norfolk Naval Base, VA 23511-2785
Air Force Doctrine Center, Langley Air Force Base, VA 23665-2792
Headquarters ACC/CEX, Langley Air Force Base, VA 23665-2792
Headquarters ACC/XPJ, Langley Air Force Base, VA 23665-2792
612 CPS/DOXP, Davis Monthan Air Force Base, AZ 85707-4922
USAF-Air Ground Operations School, Hurlburt Field, FL 32544-5000
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