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Appendix I

Movement Control Operations

There is always a basic dilemma in setting up movement control: it is the sea frontier or the port of embarkation commander who knows what material and units are ready for shipment; but it is the area commander who knows what is needed. A satisfactory resolution of this dilemma can be found only if the 'movement' people are continually aware of changing requirements. It is fundamental that to be effective, a movement control system must be based upon a prescribed combined system of priorities and allocation which, in turn, is administered by an agency responsive to the needs of the commander in the field.

RADM Henry E. Eccles 1959

This Appendix discusses the movement control process and the elements that contribute.



I-1. Joint Pub 4-01.3 states that the theater combatant commander has a wide range of options for performing movement control. He may direct subordinate JFCs and Service components to perform their own movement control. He may establish a theater JMC. Ideally, such an organization would be identified as a force deployment option in an OPLAN and be established early in the theater to coordinate arrival, theater expansion, and operations movement planning and execution.


I-2. Subordinate organizations to the JMC must be made available from all Services and need to be requested according to the mission. Most of these organizations are small and modular in nature and requirements can be replicated as the mission demands. The key is to possess the capability to expand for the mission.



I-3. USTRANSCOM may place elements from each of its subordinate TCCs in a theater to provide management of strategic mobility operations into and out of the theater.



I-4. The theater movement control plan is key to a sound movement control system. The plan integrates the transportation capabilities of the component commands, and produces a movement control system with centralized planning and decentralized execution. The following paragraphs describe the transportation and movement control capabilities of each Service component.

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