Military

Appendix B

Aircraft Characteristics

GENERAL

B-1. Basic information on weapon systems, air transportability, helicopter dimensions, and communications have been provided, in Tables B-1 through B-4, to assist in the planning of operations.

Table B-1. Weapon Systems

Aircraft Type
***
Hellfire
or
*TOW
Air-to-Air
Stinger
2.75"
(70mm) Rockets
.50 caliber
machine gun
(rounds)
20mm cannon
(rounds)
30mm
Chaingun
(rounds)
AH-1 ****8 TOW 76 750 
AH-64A**16 Hellfire 76  1,200
AH-64D**16 Hellfire/
Hellfire II
476  1,200
OH-58D**
****
4 Hellfire414500  
RANGEHellfire
8 km max
TOW
3750m max
5+ km max8 km max2 km max2 km max4 km max
NOTES: *The AH-1 uses the TOW missile, as its armor engagement weapon, instead of the Hellfire missile.
**Aircraft has a laser for target designation and an ATHS.
***Numbers in each column indicate the maximum load for each system. The total amount of ordnance carried will vary based on METT-T and selected weapon configuration.
****One weapon system per side for Hellfire and/or TOW, ATAS, and 2.75-inch rocket.

 

Table B-2. Air Transportability

Aircraft
Type
C-130
 
Rapid       High
Deploy  Density
C-141
 
Rapid       High
Deploy  Density
C-17
 
Rapid       High
Deploy  Density
C-5
 
Rapid       High
Deploy  Density
AH-113446712
AH-64N/A2**4**6***
CH-47N/AN/AN/A2***
OH-58A/C2346771013
OH-58D23467*71013
UH-112446611
UH-60N/A2**4**6***
NOTES: *3 with MMS on, 4 with MMS removed.
**Remove stabilator, fold blades (main and tail),fold pylon (UH-60 only), drop main rotor head, fairing steps and antennas.
*** Remove stabilator and fold blades (main and tail).
****Remove forward and aft blades, aft pylon, and forward transmission package.
IMPORTANT: High-density column represents significant aircraft disassembly, so as to reduce the aircraft to minimal size for transport.

 

Table B-3. Helicopter Specifications

Aircraft TypeHeightFuselage LengthWeight
(pounds)
Rotor
Diameter
Airspeed
(knots)
Endurance
(hours or KMs)
AH-113' 7.7" over main rotor45' 8"

*Overall 53' 1"
10,000 max

7,500
empty
44'190 max 120 cruise**Combat radius is
100 KM.
AH-64A15' 3" over main rotor49' 1"
 
*Overall
57' 8"
21,000 max
 
11,500
empty
48'164 max 120 cruise**Combat radius is
150 KM.
Combat radius w/
230-gallon tank
is 300 KM.
AH-64D16' 1" over main rotor49' 1"

*Overall
57' 8"
23,000 max

12,000
empty
48'176 max 120 cruise**Combat radius is
150 KM.
Combat radius w/
230-gallon tank
is 300 KM.
CH-47D18' 7.8" over aft pylon50' 9"

*Overall
98' 10.7"
50,000 max

24,000
empty
2 - 60'170 max 130 cruise2.5 w/o external
fuel (225 KM)
4.0 w/external
fuel (350 KM)
OH-58C9' 7" over main rotor32' 2"

*Overall
40'11.8"
3,200 max

2,400
empty
35' 4"120 max 100 cruise2.0 normal
1.5 worst case
OH-58D12' 10.6" over main rotor33' 0.4"

*Overall
41' 2.4"
5,200 max

3,500
empty
35'125 max 100 cruise2.0 normal
1.5 worst case
UH-114' 8.2" over tail rotor41' 5"

*Overall
57' 0.7"
9,500 max

7,400
empty
48' 3.12"124/112 max roof/nose
100 cruise
2.5 w/o auxiliary
fuel
6.0 w/ auxiliary fuel
UH-60
A-UH-60A
L-UH-60L
16' 10" over tail rotor50' 7.5"

*Overall
64' 10"
A-20,250 max
L-22,000 max

11,000 empty
53' 8"193 max 130 cruise2.5 w/o external
fuel (225 KM)
5.0 w/ external
fuel (450 KM)
NOTES: *The word "overall" in the length column refers to distance from the most forward tip of the forward facing rotor blade to the farthest aft portion of the aircraft (such as, the most aft tip of the rear facing rotor blade on a CH-47).
**Endurance figures are based on an average weapons configuration and will vary, depending on specific weapons configurations and Loads.

 

Table B-4. Number and Type of Radios

AIRCRAFT TYPEFMVHFUHFHF
AH-1111 
AH-64A** 1 (2)** 1 (0)1 
AH-64D211 
CH-47D*** 0, 1, 2*** 2, 1, 011
OH-58C211 
OH-58D211*1
UH-1211 
UH-60211 
NOTES: *The HF listed above is not currently installed but the wiring and mounts exist.
**Configuration is 2 FM and 0 VHF OR 1 FM and 1 VHF.
***Configuration is 2 FM and 0 VHF OR 1 FM and 1 VHF OR 0 FM and 2 VHF.

 

AH-1 COBRA

B-2. The AH-1 Cobra is a single-engine, tandem-seat, two-bladed attack helicopter. Its crew consists of two rated aviators. The pilot occupies the rear cockpit and the copilot-gunner occupies the front cockpit. The AH-1 is essentially a daytime weapons platform due to the inability to fire and track the TOW missile at night. Some Cobras have been modified with a terminal night sight called C-NITE (Cobra night). This system allows the gunner to thermally track the TOW missile at night through the TSU. See FM 1-112 for a detailed explanation of the aircraft.

AH-64A APACHE

B-3. The AH-64A is a twin-engined, tandem-seat, four-bladed attack helicopter. With its crew of two rated aviators, the pilot occupies the rear cockpit and a copilot-gunner occupies the front cockpit. The aircraft has day, night, and limited adverse weather fighting capabilities. The aircraft is equipped with a LRF/D. The LRF/D is used to designate for the firing of a Hellfire missile and provides range to target information for the fire control system. See FM 1-112 for a detailed explanation of the aircraft.

AH-64D LONGBOW APACHE

B-4. The AH-64D is a variant of the AH-64A. The AH-64D is designed to provide increased effectiveness over the existing capabilities and greatly reduce the limitations of the AH-64A. The AH-64D has the following improvements: FCR, RF Hellfire (fire and forget) missile system, digital communications, glass cockpit with MFDs and other significant features. Day, night, and limited adverse weather fighting capabilities of the AH-64A are significantly enhanced in the AH-64D. The addition of the M299 Launcher and AGM-114L Longbow Hellfire II missile with fire-and-forget capability enhance combat effectiveness and survivability of the aircraft and crew. See FM 1-112 for a detailed explanation of the aircraft.

CH-47D CHINOOK

B-5. The CH-47D is a twin-engine, tandem rotor helicopter designed for transportation of cargo, troops, and weapons during day, night, visual, and instrument conditions. The maximum single load that can be suspended as a tandem load from the forward and aft hooks is 25,000 pounds. Troop seating arrangements for up to 31 fully equipped ground troops or 24 litters is provided in the CH-47D. See FM 1-113 for a detailed explanation of the aircraft.

OH-58A/C KIOWA

B-6. The OH-58A/C is a single-engine, single-rotor, two-bladed observation helicopter. The crew consists of the pilot, pilot and copilot, pilot and gunner, or pilot and observer.

OH-58D KIOWA WARRIOR

B-7. The OH-58D is a single-engine, single-rotor, four-bladed armed reconnaissance helicopter. The crew consists of two rated aviators. The pilot occupies the right seat while the CPO occupies the left seat to operate the systems. See Appendix C for a detailed discussion on the KW.

UH-1H IROQUOIS

B-8. The UH-1H is a single-engine, single-rotor helicopter. Primary mission capability of the helicopter is air movement of supplies and personnel. Secondary missions include stability operations, support operations, air assault, and C operations under day, night, visual, and instrument conditions. The aircraft has an external load capability of 4,000 pounds. The aircraft can carry up to 11 combat-loaded troops. See FM 1-113 for a detailed explanation of the aircraft.

UH-60A/L BLACK HAWK

B-9. The UH-60A/L is a twin-engine, single-rotor helicopter. Primary mission capability of the helicopter is air assault and air movement. Secondary missions include stability operations, support operations, CSAR, C platform, CASEVAC, and Air Volcano (mine setting) during day, night, visual, and instrument conditions. The UH-60A has an external load capability of 8,000 pounds and the UH-60L is 9,000 pounds. The aircraft can carry 11 troops with seats installed, 16 troops with seats removed and carrying rucksacks, and 20 troops with seats removed and not carrying rucksacks. See FM 1-113 for a detailed explanation of the aircraft.

 



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