Air Force Engineers Repair Runway in Iraq
By Army Sgt. 1st Class Robert W. Lemmons IV, Combined Joint Forces Land Component Command – Operation Inherent Resolve
Baghdad, Oct. 22, 2016 – Three months ago, four Air Force engineers with the 1st Expeditionary Civil Engineer Group arrived in northern Iraq to conduct a reconnaissance mission for what would become a historic undertaking. The engineers were informed their task had never been attempted in Iraq.
Their mission: Mitigate runway damage caused by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
The 1st ECEG took the mission, and last night, when the telltale cadence of four turboprop engines grew louder and louder, they knew their hard work had paid off.
Over the last two years, ISIL severely damaged the runway at Qayyarah West Airfield -- a major strategic airfield in northern Iraq's Ninawa province. ISIL detonated explosives, used an excavator with a hammer attachment, and created deep trenches to damage the runway in several different ways.
Logisticians deployed in support of the Combined Joint Forces Land Component Command – Operation Inherent Resolve are enabling Iraqi forces as they push to retake Mosul. They need larger, fixed-wing aircraft to expeditiously move larger amounts of supplies to the Iraqis, and those aircraft need a proper runway.
In order for a C-130 Hercules cargo plane to land, it requires a runway the length of 33 football fields.
Air Force Maj. Jason Stevens, 1st ECEG officer in charge of the project, detailed the project during its outset.
"We'll be on the ground for about three weeks to fix the damage," Stevens said. "It's been a long time in the planning process. The guys are doing amazing work. They are making excellent progress. We are on schedule and we are moving forward every day."
During the planning process, the airmen were trained to operate the newly fielded Rapid Airfield Damage Repair System and Super Kit to complete the mission. The kit consists of a comprehensive set of the equipment necessary to quickly repair a damaged air strip.
"The project was practiced and perfected in training, so when boots hit the dusty ground the mission would be in full swing," said U.S. Air Force Staff Sgt. Tyler Charles, one of the engineers on the team.
"We show up, clear the debris out, get all the junk and everything out of there," Charles said. "Then we dig down, if we have to, until we hit hard surface ground."
The engineers had to systematically identify damaged areas of the airfield, cut those pieces of concrete out, and then start from scratch from the bare ground up.
After that, there is earth tamping and concrete filling and curing -- a process that takes about a day to complete.
Virginia Air National Guard Master Sgt. Reid Burns, the lead noncommissioned officer of the team, realizes that his job is vital to the Iraqi forces on the front lines who need supplies to continue their push toward Mosul.
"Moving up here and opening up this airfield will support the warfighter -- get more beans and bullets on the ground; help the Iraqi army to bring the fight to ISIL."
A project this large takes a team to complete. The total force concept is played out on the project, bringing together qualified airmen from the Air National Guard, Air Force Reserve and active-duty Air Force.
"It makes me really proud," Burns said of his team. "Especially the Guard, reserve and active duty guys coming together [and] pooling our resources."
As if the task at hand wasn't already difficult enough, the old standby "the enemy always gets a vote" came into play. Airmen had to complete the demanding task under the persistent threat of indirect fire.
"Due to our location and the threat that is here, we are wearing our full kits and our helmets at all times," Stevens said.
This may slow the process down a bit, but did little to discourage the airmen who recognized the value of their mission.
Stevens enjoyed the process and said he saw his team thrive in the face of adversity. "When boiled down, the airmen completed their task a lot faster than ISIL was able to complete theirs," he said.
It took two years for ISIL to damage the airfield beyond what they believed repairable. It took a small team of 1st ECEG engineers three weeks to make it fully operational. Now the Coalition can quickly supply the Iraqi security forces on the front lines of Mosul, enabling the defeat of ISIL.
As the roar of turboprops peaked, the tires of the first Air Force C-130 cargo plane screeched across the runway surface, passing seamlessly over what used to be a stretch of dirt piles, concrete barriers and trenches. Shortly thereafter another aircraft landed, and many more will follow.
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