MOFA lists facts on Diaoyutai Islands
ROC Central News Agency
Taipei, Jan. 7 (CNA) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Thursday listed 10 facts to emphasize that the Diaoyutai Islands are an inherent part of the Republic of China's territory.
Diaoyutai Islands are geologically affiliated with the island groups off Taiwan's northeastern coasts and are one of Taiwan's subordinate islands, the ministry said.
The ministry said the Diaoyutai Islands were first discovered and named by the Chinese. They were covered in China's coastal defense system in the Ming Dynasty and were included in China's territory as an administrative region of Taiwan during the Ching (Qing) Dynasty.
It said that the Diaoyutai Islands were 'furtively occupied' by Japan during the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 and that the occupation is invalid from the onset.
After the war, the Diaoyutai Islands were ceded to Japan as one of Taiwan's subordinate islands according to the Treaty of Shimonoseki, the ministry said.
Therefore, based on the Cairo Declaration, the Potsdam Proclamation, Japanese Instrument of Surrender, and the Treaty of Peace between the Republic of China and Japan, the Diaoyutai Islands should be returned to the ROC along with Taiwan and Penghu after World War II, the ministry said.
After furtively occupying the Diaoyutai Islands in 1895, Japan made them part of Okinawa prefecture and later renamed them Senkaku Islands, a move which misled Allied forces after World War II, it said.
The islands were administered by the U.S. military between 1945 and 1971, and the ROC has never recognized Japan's sovereignty claim over the Diaoyutais, it said.
When handing over the control over Diaoyutais to Japan in 1972, the United States did not transfer the islands' sovereignty to Japan, the ministry said.
(By Tang Pei-chun and Y.F. Low)
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