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Runoff Vote Possible in Disputed Afghan Presidential Election

By VOA News
17 October 2009

International pressure was mounting Saturday, as Afghans waited for the release of a report by a United Nations-backed panel, which could lead to a runoff vote following the country's disputed presidential election.

Several high-level foreign officials, including French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner and U.S. Senator John Kerry, were in Kabul Saturday ahead of a long-delayed announcement by the Electoral Complaints Commission.

The ECC is investigating allegations of widespread fraud in the August 20 vote.

Preliminary election results gave Afghan President Hamid Karzai 54-percent of the vote. His main challenger, former Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah, has 28 percent. But the ECC's findings could push Mr. Karzai's lead below 50-percent, forcing a runoff.

Saturday's announcement of the ECC's report was delayed, as officials were said to be meeting with members of Afghanistan's Independent Election Commission. Afghan election officials will announce the final result after double-checking the tally.

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, and British Prime Minister Gordon Brown spoke by phone to President Karzai Friday, as concerns grew over who will lead the country, and when.

U.S. officials say Senator Kerry's goal was to highlight the need for a "legitimate outcome" to the election. French officials say Foreign Minister Kouchner also sought to defuse any tension brought on by the disputed poll, during his visit.

Former U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan, Zalmay Khalilzad, was also in Kabul, and met with both Mr. Karzai and Abdullah this week. He told reporters late Friday that he urged both candidates to recognize the importance of the moment and rise to the occasion.

International officials have been urging both President Karzai and Abdullah to consider a power-sharing agreement.

Officials say, if needed, a runoff should be held within two weeks of the definitive announcement of first-round results.

Some information for this report was provided by AP and Reuters.

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