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Analysis: U.S. Implements Darfur 'Plan B'

Council on Foreign Relations

May 29, 2007
Prepared by: Stephanie Hanson

In an April speech at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, President Bush reiterated his statement that the crisis in Sudan’s Darfur region is genocide. He also announced “Plan B,” a set of steps to up pressure on the Sudanese government over its complicity in the conflict that has killed some two hundred thousand and displaced nearly three million people. At the urging of the United Nations, however, Bush held off on implementing the plan to allow UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon time for his diplomatic efforts to bear fruit. Though Ban has reported progress in his negotiations (WashPost), on May 29 President Bush announced the implementation of those measures.

When the crisis in Darfur erupted in 2003, janjaweed militias backed by the Sudanese government attacked villages to suppress two rebel groups fighting the government. Now, the conflict has spread to neighboring Chad and the Central African Republic, at least twelve rebel groups fight each other and the janjaweed in Darfur, and the Sudanese government continues to obstruct the deployment of UN peacekeepers. International actors have thus far failed to pressure Khartoum to stop the killing in Darfur, as this CFR.org Crisis Guide explains.

The measures President Bush announced all boil down to one action: sanctions. Thirty companies owned or controlled by the Sudanese government and one company accused of transporting arms to Darfur (CNN) will be targeted by the U.S. Treasury Department. Individuals connected to the violence in Darfur will also be sanctioned, including Ahmad Muhammed Harun, Sudan's state minister for humanitarian affairs, and Khalil Ibrahim, leader of rebel group the Justice and Equality Movement. Harun has been accused of war crimes in Darfur by the International Criminal Court, and Ibrahim has refused to sign the Darfur Peace Agreement.

Read the rest of this article on the cfr.org website.

Copyright 2007 by the Council on Foreign Relations. This material is republished on GlobalSecurity.org with specific permission from the cfr.org. Reprint and republication queries for this article should be directed to cfr.org.

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