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VOICE OF AMERICA
SLUG: 2-315684 Congress-Sudan (L-only)
DATE:
NOTE NUMBER:

DATE=05/06/04

TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT

TITLE=CONGRESS/SUDAN (L-O)

NUMBER=2-315684

BYLINE=DAN ROBINSON

DATELINE=CAPITOL HILL

CONTENT=

VOICED AT:

INTRO: The government of Sudan has come under sharp criticism in the U-S Congress for human rights violations and what lawmakers call "scorched earth" policies in its western Darfur region. Sudan was the subject of a House International Relations Committee hearing on Thursday, as V-O-A's Dan Robinson reports from Capitol Hill:

TEXT: Lawmakers took the Sudanese government to task for what (Republican) Congressman Ed Royce calls a campaign of displacement and killing that "has the look of genocide."

Mr. Royce had this to say as the International Relations committee approved a resolution condemning the Sudanese government:

/// ROYCE ACT ///

The resolution states what we have heard - that the Sudanese government is using rape as a weapon of war, destroying food and water sources and systematically manipulating and denying humanitarian aid to the people of Darfur. /// OPT /// More than one-million Sudanese have been displaced. The Sudanese government has once again used allied militia to carry out a scorched-earth-policy (EDS: to destroy everything) as it did in southern Sudan. /// END OPT ///

/// END ACT ///

Charles Snyder, Acting Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, says the United States is pressing Khartoum to allow unrestricted access for aid workers in Darfur.

He had this to say concerning reports of "ethnic cleansing":

/// SNYDER ACT ///

We will not only call this ethnic cleansing, we will insist that it be reversed. These people need to be put back on their land, and in this day and age ethnic cleansing cannot be allowed to stand in Africa or anywhere else, and that is our objective.

/// END ACT ///

A picture of the humanitarian crisis in Darfur came from Roger Winter, of the U-S Agency for International Development.

Saying Khartoum continues to make it difficult for humanitarian workers to obtain travel permits, Mr. Winter warns the death toll in Darfur could be in the hundreds of thousands:

/// WINTER ACT ///

We think more than 100-thousand people will die no matter what, at this point. But what this chart produced by our experts actually shows is under the crude mortality rate, a figure which is closer to 350-thousand.

/// END ACT ///

/// OPT /// In testimony, John Prendergast of the International Crisis Group says the most urgent need now is to prevent famine:

/// PRENDERGAST ACT ///

Rather than just waiting to see if access is granted and all these permits are going to be approved, we need to do much more assertive planning now, in cooperation with the (U-N) Secretary General, given that he has stated that military intervention is on the table (being considered). We need to look at alternative access modalities. We need to be talking to Libya, we need to talk to Chad and of course Paris behind them, and look at cross-border operations even through southern Sudan, to get food and other assistance into these populations. And we need to put on the table military intervention options. Business as usual just isn't going to get the job done.

/// END ACT -- END OPT ///

A similar resolution condemning the Khartoum government was introduced in the Senate.

Comparing the situation in Darfur to genocide in Rwanda, (Republican) Senator John McCain said military intervention should not be ruled out:

/// MCCAIN ACT ///

We must examine whether and what size international contingent it would take to stop this disaster. If troops are required, we should figure out how to get troops, possibly African troops, on the ground. If we need financial and logistical support, the United States and others should provide it.

/// END ACT ///

/// OPT /// The Senate's top Republican, Bill Frist added:

/// FRIST ACT ///

The atrocities that are going on in Sudan now must be condemned and the Senate is speaking loudly.

/// END ACT -- END OPT ///

Secretary of State Colin Powell has said international pressure, rather than military intervention, is required to persuade the Sudanese government to stop attacks in Darfur by the Janjaweeds, an Arab militia backed by Khartoum.

The United States has told Khartoum that without a resolution of the situation in Darfur, normalization of relations with Washington, in the context of a final agreement to end the long-running civil war (in southern Sudan) with the Sudan People's Liberation Army (S-P-L-A), will not occur. (signed)

NEB/DAR/PT/RH



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