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SLUG: 2-303948 W-H-O/SARS/CHINA (L-O)
DATE:
NOTE NUMBER:

DATE=6/3/2003

TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT

TITLE=W-H-O /SARS / CHINA (L O)

NUMBER=2-303948

BYLINE=LISA SCHLEIN

DATELINE=GENEVA

CONTENT=

INTRO: The World Health Organization says it has doubts concerning the number of new cases of SARS being reported by China, particularly in the capital Beijing. As Lisa Schlein reports from W-H-O headquarters in Geneva, the health agency says the figures being cited by Chinese authorities appear to be suspiciously low.

TEXT: Officials at the World Health Organization say there has been a sharp drop in the reported number of new SARS cases in China.

W-H-O spokesman Iain Simpson, says the week before last, China was reporting an average of 30 new cases every day. He says those figures went down to virtually nothing last week.

But Mr. Simpson says the W-H-O has so many uncertainties about how China is compiling its statistics that it is unable to state flatly that SARS is declining in China.

/// SIMPSON ACT ///

We do not know enough about how China is counting its numbers. We do not know enough about where these numbers are coming from. We have people in Beijing who are working flat out trying to find out more. But, it is not simple. /// OPT /// It may simply be that there has been a dramatic drop-off in SARS cases. But, clearly because of the way that SARS emerged in China, China has a credibility problem on SARS. We are working with them to try and better understand this. So, if indeed this is good news, that this is credited as good news rather than treated with suspicion. /// END OPT ///

/// END ACT ///

The first known case of SARS occurred in November in the Chinese province of Guangdong. However, Chinese authorities did not inform the World Health Organization of the outbreak until mid-February.

By the time W-H-O officials were permitted to visit Guangdong in April, the epidemic there was out of control and had traveled to Beijing. More than 83-hundred people are infected with SARS worldwide. China accounts for most of these cases, as it does for most of the fatalities. More than 330 people (334) in China have died of SARS.

Recently, W-H-O lifted its travel ban on Guangdong. Mr. Simpson says the agency stands by its decision because it has more faith in the numbers of SARS cases being reported from Guangdong than it does from elsewhere in China.

/// 2ND SIMPSON ACT ///

We had a team there that verified the numbers. And, also, it looked more realistic to us because the numbers came down very slowly in Guangdong. The reasons why there are questions in other places in China, and particularly in Beijing, is because the numbers came down very rapidly. Again, as I say, it may just be that it is very good news. But, we have questions about it.

/// END ACT ///

Although Hong Kong and mainland China have been lifted from W-H-O's travel ban, the health agency still advises people to postpone non-essential travel to the Chinese regions of Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi and Tianjin, as well as Taiwan. (Signed)

NEB/LS/KL/KBK/FC



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