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SLUG: 2-296996 Afghan Fighting / L-O
DATE:
NOTE NUMBER:

DATE= 12/02/02

TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT

TITLE= AFGHAN FIGHTING / L-ONLY

NUMBER=2-296996

BYLINE= JIM TEEPLE

DATELINE= KABUL

CONTENT=

VOICED AT:

INTRO: Factional fighting in western Afghanistan continued for a third

day, Monday. As V-O-A's Jim Teeple reports from our Kabul Bureau, the

fighting took place as Afghanistan's president met with international

donors in Germany, to discuss progress Afghanistan has made in the

year since Taleban rule ended.

TEXT: Civilians are reported fleeing the area around the Shindand Air

Base -- south of the western city, Herat, where heavy fighting has been

taking place for three days.

Fighting broke out south of the Shindand base, Saturday, between forces

loyal to Herat Governor Ismail Khan and a regional commander, Ammanullah Khan.

Ismail Khan's primarily-Tajik forces and Ammanullah Khan's primarilly-Pashtun fighters have fought a series of battles in the area, since the collapse of Taleban rule, last year.

Sunday, U-S B-52 bombers dropped seven bombs in the area, after American

special forces troops came under fire. Colonel Roger King -- a spokesman

for the coalition forces at Bagram Air Base -- says there were no U-S

casualties in the incident and that it is unclear which side involved in the

fighting fired on the U-S troops. The coalition spokesman

says American forces have carefully avoided taking sides in Afghanistan's

factional conflicts.

/// KING ACTUALITY ///

If the coalition forces interpose themselves between the two factions,

without regard as to how the Afghans, themselves, would have handled the

situation, then we will always be looking for someone else's solution to

the problems of Afghanistan, which means someone will always have to be

here to solve the problems.

/// END ACTUALITY ///

The clashes near Herat coincide with a major donor conference on

Afghanistan, near Bonn, Germany, where -- one year ago -- a United Nations conference appointed Hamid Karzai to lead Afghanistan until elections

can be held. Participants at the donor conference will review

progress made, over the past year, in rebuilding Afghanistan's shattered

infrastructure and economy.

/// OPT /// Manoel de Almeida e Silva -- a senior spokesman for the United Nations in Kabul -- says much has been accomplished over the past year, but much more needs to be done. He says the international community needs to pledge more money to

help Afghanistan.

/// OPTIONAL SILVA ACTUALITY ///

The level of disbursement; the speed of disbursement for the Afghan

operation, as compared to other post-conflict situations, has been quite good. The problem is that the level of pledges are (cq) too low for the needs. Of course, the close-to-two-billion dollars coming from the international community, through multilateral arrangements this year is most welcome. But that is not enough. The five-billion dollars pledged in Tokyo is obviously not enough. It is good. It is

necessary. But, we need much more than that.

/// END OPTIONAL ACTUALITY ///

The continuing lack of security in many parts of Afghanistan is a major concern of donors. Efforts are underway to help train and mobilize a new national army and police force for Afghanistan. However, the job will not be completed for at least several years. Just before he left for the donor conference in Germany, President Karzai

sent a team of negotiators to western Afghanistan to try to mediate a

settlement to the fighting around the Shindand base. So far, the central government's efforts to broker peace in the area seem to have had little effect. (Signed)

neb/jlt/wd



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