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08 October 2002

International Community Remains United in Fight Against Terrorism

(Security Council reviews year's work to stop terrorists) (680)
By Judy Aita
Washington File United Nations Correspondent
United Nations -- A two-day meeting marking the first anniversary of
the Security Council's landmark counterterrorism resolution has shown
that the unity of U.N. member states in condemning and fighting
terrorism has been fully sustained, the chairman of the council's
Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC) said October 8.
British Ambassador Jeremy Greenstock reported that 174 U.N. member
states have submitted reports to the CTC for review during the past
year and CTC will now move into a new phase of identifying the gaps in
each nation's programs and coordinating assistance where needed. He
emphasized that each nation is obligated to take the necessary steps
to carry out the requirements of the resolution as well as any of the
12 terrorism conventions it ratifies.
Greenstock called the council's discussion useful and encouraging. The
broad support shown by the member states is necessary, he said,
"because the best way for mandatory obligations to be fulfilled is
through active and voluntary cooperation of member states."
The Security Council unanimously adopted the counterterrorism
resolution -- Resolution 1373 -- September 28, 2001. It established
measures to combat terrorism by strengthening national legal
institutions and capacities to stop terrorists and focusing on the
financial support terrorists need. It requires member states to deny
financing, support, and safe harbor for terrorists and expands
information sharing among U.N. members. It created the CTC to
coordinate and oversee the implementation of the resolution.
The resolution requires nations to "freeze without delay funds and
other financial assets or economic resources of persons who commit, or
attempt to commit, terrorist acts or participate in or facilitate the
commission of terrorist acts." Nations are also to "refrain from
providing any form of support, active or passive, to entities or
persons involved in terrorist acts, including by suppressing
recruitment of members of terrorist groups and eliminating the supply
of weapons to terrorists," the resolution says.
Nations are also to prohibit their nationals or people in their
territories from making funds or services available to those involved
in terrorism, and refrain from providing support to people involved in
terrorism, take steps to prevent terrorist acts, and deny safe haven
to those who commit terrorist acts. Nations should also bring to
justice anyone who participated in terrorism and ensure that
terrorists acts are serious criminal offenses in domestic laws and
punished accordingly.
The resolution also says that states should help each other with
criminal investigations and criminal proceedings, intensifying and
accelerating the exchange of information. They also should prevent the
movement of terrorists and terrorist groups by effective border
controls as well as through controls on the issuance of identity
papers and travel documents and measures for preventing
counterfeiting, forgery or fraudulent use of identity papers and
travel documents.
Nicholas Rostow, general counsel for the U.S. Mission to the U.N.,
said that resolution 1373 and the CTC "represent a chapter in the
history of the Security Council and the United Nations in which we can
take pride together while forever recalling the mortal menace and
cruelty that has spurred our collective actions."
Calling the CTC "an essential front in our common fight," Rostow
praised Greenstock; the team from the United Kingdom Mission; the
three vice chairmen of the committee -- the ambassadors of Colombia,
Mauritius, and Russia; and experts working with the committee for
their leadership, efficiency, professionalism, and diligence over the
past year.
"Effective counter-terrorism requires international cooperation. There
simply is no substitute for it, and the CTC has encouraged this
cooperation," Rostow said.
For the United States, he said, "the one-year anniversary of
resolution 1373 is and forever shall be bound to the events of
September 11, 2001 when nearly 3,000 persons from over 90 countries
lost their lives in the attack we all remember."
"It is important that the United Nations has taken key steps in this
struggle against terrorism in the future and in the present," he said.
"By strengthening international standards and norms through resolution
1373 and the work of the CTC, and by striving to cut off the financial
lifeblood of terrorists through resolutions 1267 and 1390, the United
Nations and this institution has shown its capacity for important
ongoing and indispensable effort on behalf of the international
community as a whole."
(The Washington File is a product of the Office of International
Information Programs, U.S. Department of State. Web site:
http://usinfo.state.gov)



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