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SLUG: 2-292949 Afghanistan / Iran
DATE:
NOTE NUMBER:

DATE=08/11/02

TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT

NUMBER=2-292949

TITLE=AFGHANISTAN / IRAN (L-O)

BYLINE=MICHAEL DRUDGE

DATELINE=KABUL

CONTENT=

VOICED AT:

INTRO: U-N officials are criticizing Iran for pressuring Afghan refugees to return home against their will. V-O-A's Michael Drudge reports from Kabul the situation could aggravate Afghanistan's difficulties in repatriating more than a million-and-a-half people.

TEXT: A spokeswoman in Kabul for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Maki Shinohara, says the relief agency is bracing for a flood of returnees from Iran.

///SHINOHARA ACT///

U-N-H-C-R is alarmed at the sudden increase in the number of refugee returns from Iran, which we believe is a result of induced pressure by the authorities.

///END ACT///

Ms. Shinohara says the agency's office in Mashad, Iran, has warned that three-thousand people are crossing the border at Dogharoun. She says U-N-H-C-R staff in the western Afghan city of Herat are scrambling to erect 100 additional tents to house up to 500 of the new arrivals.

Ms. Shinohara says many returnees report they are pressured to leave Iran. Some say their children are denied registration for the upcoming school year. And those refugees without proper documentation say they are told to obtain exit visas.

She says about 10-thousand Afghans are returning each week now, compared with 65-hundred per week last month, and many may eventually end up back in Iran.

/// SHINOHARA ACT TWO///

U-N-H-C-R warns that premature, forced or induced returns at this time will not be sustainable, and may lead to a reversal of movements in the future.

///END ACT///

U-N agencies are already grappling with that is described as the biggest repatriation of people in history. This year more than a million-and-half Afghans have returned home, mostly from Pakistan and Iran.

Foreign aid experts say many of the returnees will need assistance for at least the next two or three years to rebuild lives that have been shattered by 23 years of conflict in Afghanistan. (Signed)

NEB/MWD/MAR



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