26 June 2002
Fact Sheet Outlines G-8 Counter-Terrorism Cooperation
(Comprehensive backgrounder on actions taken to date) (1700)
Leaders of the Group of Eight (G-8) countries, meeting June 26-27 in
Canada for their annual summit, released a fact sheet on ways they
have cooperated to fight terrorism since the September 11 attacks
against the United States.
The G-8 is made up of the Group of Seven (G-7) countries -- Italy,
Germany, France, Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United
States -- plus Russia.
Following is the fact sheet:
(begin fact sheet)
G8 Counter-Terrorism Cooperation since September 11
A common commitment to fight terrorism
-- In a statement issued last September 19th, G8 Leaders:
- condemned the September 11th attacks;
- underscored their determination to bring to justice the
perpetrators, to combat all forms of terrorism, to prevent further
attacks, and to strengthen international cooperation;
- called for rapid implementation of the 12 UN counter terrorism
- asked all relevant Ministers to identify and implement specific
measures to enhance counter terrorism cooperation in a range of key
-- In response to this statement, G8 Justice and Interior Ministers,
G8 Foreign Affairs Ministers and G7 Finance Ministers have
respectively developed and are implementing the following measures,
including through cooperation in the Roma and Lyon Groups of G8
experts in counter-terrorism and crime.
Global efforts for a global response
A key priority for the G8 is the global implementation of UN Security
Council Resolution 1373, unanimously adopted on September 28, 2001,
and of the 12 UN counter terrorism conventions, which set the standard
for international action:
- to prevent and combat terrorist acts such as bombing, hijacking and
- to prevent and combat terrorist financing, recruitment, and supply
of weapons; and
- to extradite or prosecute terrorists and deny them safe haven.
-- G8 members are implementing Resolution 1373 and have amended
domestic legislation where necessary to ensure compliance. All G8
members have reported on their implementation status to the UN
Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee, as required under
-- The G8 is working closely with the UN Counter-Terrorism Committee
to address the global threat of international terrorism by monitoring
and promoting the implementation of Resolution 1373.
-- G8 members are providing technical and legal assistance to third
countries for training and capacity building in the areas covered by
Resolution 1373, through international framework such as regional
institutions, in cooperation with the UN Counter-Terrorism Committee.
-- The G8 has developed the G8 Recommendations on Counter-Terrorism, a
series of principles and priorities that provide guidance to
strengthen capacities to combat terrorism, by improving existing
mechanisms, procedures and networks to protect societies from
-- G8 members are implementing the 12 UN counter terrorism conventions
and continue to work within the UN to reach consensus on the UN
Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism and to finalize
the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear
Rooting out terrorists and their networks
Cutting off funds from terrorists
Money is the lifeblood of terrorists. Cutting off the means of
financing their activities is a central focus of G7/G8 efforts to
-- The G7 Finance Ministers' October 2001 Action Plan, endorsed by
Russia, advanced these efforts by identifying priorities and calling
for specific measures to:
- immediately freeze assets of terrorists so as to deprive them of
their funds; and
- rapidly develop and implement international standards to prevent the
abuse of the financial system by terrorists.
-- Since September 11, some US$116 million have been frozen worldwide
and over 160 countries and jurisdictions have taken action to freeze
-- G8 members all have the legal capabilities to freeze terrorist
assets and have worked together to improve the coordination and
effectiveness of sanctions against such assets. They are designating
points of contact to share information with sufficient advance
notification to ensure simultaneous actions to freeze terrorist
assets. They are also taking measures to seize frozen assets to
deprive terrorists permanently of their funds.
-- The UN has listed 293 individuals and entities whose financial
assets must be frozen by UN member countries. G8 members have also
identified and listed terrorists for the purpose of applying
sanctions. A joint G7 identification of terrorist entities and
individuals was announced on April 19, 2002, and their assets were
frozen in coordination in all G7 countries.
-- As called for by G7 Finance Ministers, and endorsed by Russia, the
Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF) adopted eight
special recommendations against terrorist financing and set out an
ambitious plan of action to encourage their rapid implementation by
member and non-member countries. G8 members are implementing these
-- G8 members are implementing the 1999 International Convention for
the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism. Since September 11,
over 100 countries have signed, or ratified, the Convention. The
Convention came into force on April 10, 2002.
Cutting off the means of communication for planning terrorist attacks
The Internet has been used by terrorists to communicate and plan
attacks. Disrupting their communication networks has also been an
important part of G8 efforts.
-- The G8 has developed recommendations for tracing networked
communications that will assist police and national security agencies
in rapidly locating and identifying criminals and terrorists who use
international communication networks for illegal purposes.
-- The G8 has developed a set of principles that will assist
governments in developing policies to promote the availability of
communication data, while balancing the privacy concerns of the public
and the interests of communication industries.
-- The G8 has established a network of experienced contacts that are
available around the clock to cooperate in high-tech criminal and
terrorism investigations. It has expanded the network from 16 to 28
participating countries since September 11.
Cutting off terrorist networks in Afghanistan
The establishment of a secure environment in Afghanistan is key to its
political stability and reconstruction and to the fight against
-- G8 members have played leading roles in the global campaign against
terrorism, including military action against Al Qaeda and the Taliban
and efforts to create the conditions for stability and democracy to
take root in Afghanistan. G8 members have succeeded in destroying
major parts of the Al Qaeda and the Taliban infrastructure, have
denied ground to the terrorists and have destroyed extensive
quantities of explosives, arms and ammunition. In addition, those
countries involved in the International Security Assistance Force
(ISAF) have made a highly significant contribution to the maintenance
of peace and stability in and around Kabul.
-- G8 members committed significant contributions at the International
Conference on Reconstruction Assistance to Afghanistan in Tokyo on
January 21-22, where a cumulative total of about US $4.5 billion was
-- G8 members are working closely with the Transitional Authority of
Afghanistan and other donors and are taking leadership roles to define
strategies and marshal resources in the security sector. Key areas are
the establishment and training of a national army and police forces,
an assessment of needs in the judicial sector, the demobilization of
combatants and their reintegration into local communities, the
elimination of the threat of landmines and the eradication of the
-- The G8 is helping the Transitional Authority of Afghanistan
implement their program to eradicate this year's opium crop and have
succeeded so far in destroying between 20 percent and 25 percent of
the current crop. G8 members cooperated closely with the United
Nations Drugs Control Programme (UNDCP) which was active in
establishing counter-drug "security belts" around Afghanistan designed
to curb narcotics trafficking emanating from that country.
Reducing the threat of terrorist attacks
Improving the safety of travel
-- G8 members have been implementing new standards to ensure the
safety of travel for their citizens. G8 airlines have tight new
security standards, performance-tested daily.
-- G8 members are providing substantial new voluntary contributions to
the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), particularly to
its aviation security program. These contributions help ensure
compliance with international standards and develop new safeguards to
Ensuring terrorists will find no sanctuary
Restricting the movements of terrorists and criminals and preventing
them from exploiting immigration procedures and asylum systems is a
common objective of the G8.
-- The G8 is promoting improvements to global standards and using new
technologies to ensure travel and identity document security. This
will assist in preventing terrorists from travelling illegally and
disguising their identities.
-- The G8 is sharing best practices for improving border controls and
for intercepting terrorists and criminals before they arrive at
borders. G8 members are assisting other countries to improve their
-- National laws that complement international conventions are
improving the exchange of evidence and making it easier to
successfully prosecute or extradite terrorists. G8 officials from
security and intelligence services also share best practices on
specific threats and terrorist groups.
Assessing terrorist threats and being prepared for the unexpected
-- G8 members are sharing information and coordinating their
activities to identify potential links between terrorist groups and
criminal activities such as drug trafficking, smuggling of migrants,
travel document fraud, illicit trafficking in firearms and money
-- The G8 Recommendations on Transnational Crime have been updated to
reflect the most recent analysis of investigative techniques, laws and
cooperation tools that should be developed internationally to protect
societies from transnational crime and terrorist threats.
-- G8 members are strengthening information and intelligence exchange
to achieve improved assessment of potential chemical, biological,
radiological and nuclear terrorist threats.
-- The G8 has agreed to undertake work on consequence management with
regard to incidents involving industrial plants and transportation of
toxic agents, as well as simulation training exercises. Work is also
underway with the World Health Organization (WHO) to strengthen global
health security against threats from chemical, biological,
radiological and nuclear agents.
-- G8 members are sharing information on national capacities and
techniques to respond in the case of terrorist incidents involving
chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons. G8 experts
developed best practices to respond to chemical and biological
incidents and are considering best practices to respond to
radiological and nuclear incidents.
(end fact sheet)
(Distributed by the Office of International Information Programs, U.S.
Department of State. Web site: http://usinfo.state.gov)
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