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SLUG: 5-51003 Afghanistan / Security
DATE:
NOTE NUMBER:

DATE=02/04/02

TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT

TITLE=AFHGANISTAN / SECURITY

NUMBER=5-51003

BYLINE=SONJA PACE

DATELINE=KABUL

CONTENT=

INTRO: Hamid Karzai, the head of Afghanistan's interim government has been urging world leaders to contribute to a greater international security presence in the country. As V-O-A's Sonja Pace reports from Kabul, many people in Afghanistan are hoping foreign troops will help bring long sought security to the war torn country.

TEXT: /// SFX: MEN TALKING - FADE UNDER ///

British army Sergeant Gazin gets his men ready to go. They're dressed in camouflage fatigues and armed with automatic rifles and radio communications gear. They belong to one of the most renowned regiments of the British army - the Ghurkhas. Sergeant Gazin and his men are assigned to the British paratroop contingent here in Kabul and every day they set out on patrol.

///SFX: TRUCKS REVVING UP FADE UNDER ///

They leave their base, pick up local Afghan policemen on the way and then head for one of the Kabul neighborhoods they've been assigned to patrol.

/// SFX: STREET NOISE FADE UNDER ///

Today, this group of about six soldiers is on foot patrol in Kotei Sangee, one of the city's poorest neighborhoods. Their mission is to assess conditions in the area, talk with local residents and scout out any trouble.

/// ACT OF SOLDIER TALKING WITH LOCAL RESIDENT ///

Soldier: Do you speak English? You know why we are here? To help you people.

Resident: You help the Afghanistan people, yes?

Soldier: Yes, make (bring) security, ok?

/// END ACT ///

Sergeant Gazin and his men come from Nepal and communicate with local residents either in English, through a translator, or sometimes in Urdu (the south-Asian language spoken by some Afghans). Small crowds form quickly around the foreign soldiers. Residents seem to appreciate their presence.

/// LOCAL MAN IN DARI, EST. AND FADE UNDER ///

One elderly man says it's good to have the foreign soldiers here because they brought peace and calm and he wants them to stay.

/// BRING UP ACT AND THEN FADE UNDER ///

Others chime in, saying the foreign troops have brought security and should be sent to other cities and provinces until stability has been established there also. After that, a man says, the foreign troops should go back home.

This is the kind of security presence Afghanistan's interim government would like more of. Right now there are a few thousand foreign troops on patrol around Kabul. Their numbers are to increase to about five thousand in the coming weeks. The government is proposing some 20-thousand foreign security forces be spread out in the country's major cities. And a senior United Nations official said recently some 30-thousand foreign troops may be needed to ensure security.

At a recent news conference in Kabul, interim Afghan leader Hamid Karzai said such a presence is important for Afghans.

/// OPT /// KARZAI ACT ///

A lot of Afghans that came to see us in the past month asked us for the presence of the international security force in other provinces of Afghanistan. The presence of the security force does in a way give the Afghans a sense of guarantee of the international community's commitment to stay and help Afghanistan.

/// END ACT /// END OPT ///

Mr. Karzai repeated his plea for an increased security force during talks last week in Washington, New York and London, but he got no promises. Instead U-S President Bush said Washington would help build a national Afghan army and police force.

But that may take some time. Local residents here in Kotei Sangee are skeptical. They don't want a national army or police made up of the old militias that plunged the country into civil war in the early 1990s.

Forty-two year old Guljan works for the Kabul municipal government. He remembers the days when rival militia factions reduced this neighborhood and much of Kabul to rubble.

/// GULJAN ACT IN DARI, EST. AND FADE UNDER ///

We know what they did, he says. Look around and see all the houses and the destruction. Who would trust them again? The foreign troops who are here are kind and if our own police force had been kind, people, the country would not be in the state it's in now.

Guljan says, maybe, with the help of the foreigners, Afghanistan will be able to form a good national Afghan police and army.

Hamid Karzai clearly hopes foreign troops will give the average Afghan a greater sense of security. The presence of heavily armed foreign soldiers might also act as a deterrent against factional fighting among the country's many warlords. Last week fighting erupted in the eastern city of Gardez between forces loyal to a provincial governor appointed by Kabul and forces supporting the local town council, which opposed his appointment. /// OPT /// More than 50 people were killed and negotiations were launched to try to resolve the dispute. Similar rivalries have threatened to spill over into violence in other parts of the country as well. /// END OPT ///

Such incidents underscore the fragile security situation in the country and the threat they could pose to the interim government. And Mr. Karzai knows that without stability, Afghanistan cannot hope to begin rebuilding. (Signed)

NEB/SP/KL/KBK



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