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DATE=12/8/1999 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT TITLE=SUDAN / UGANDA (L ONLY) NUMBER=2-256973 BYLINE=JENNIFER WIENS DATELINE=NAIROBI CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: The presidents of Uganda and Sudan say they will try to normalize relations between their countries. As Jennifer Wiens reports, the two leaders signed the agreement during talks mediated by former U-S President Jimmy Carter in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi. TEXT: The agreement between Sudan's president, Omar Al Bashir, and Uganda's president, Yoweri Museveni, calls for both countries to stop supporting each other's rebel groups, and to respect each country's territorial integrity. The 11-point accord also includes pledges to return prisoners of war, to help locate and return refugees and people who were abducted, and to offer amnesty to combatants from both sides who renounce the use of force. The two leaders signed the agreement at a ceremony also attended by Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi and former U-S president Jimmy Carter. Mr. Carter oversaw the negotiations between Uganda and Sudan after his U- S based Carter Center was asked to mediate by the two African leaders. Mr. Carter says the agreement is a step toward peace and reconciliation, and that the conflict between Uganda and Sudan had been hindering peace efforts throughout the region. /// CARTER ACT /// There has been serious problems between the two countries along the border, which has not only disturbed the people of the two countries, but in some ways has made it more difficult to make progress on peace in the whole region. /// END ACT /// Uganda and Sudan broke off relations in 1994, after Uganda accused its neighbor of helping two rebel groups - the Lord's Resistance Army and the Allied Democratic Forces - that are trying to oust President Museveni. The rebellion in Uganda has claimed hundreds of lives, and displaced thousands. Much of the rebel activity is based in Uganda's north, near the Sudanese border. The Sudan government says Uganda supports the biggest Sudanese rebel group, the Sudan People's Liberation Army (S-P-L-A). The S-P-L-A is fighting to gain autonomy for Sudan's mainly Christian and animist south from the predominantly Muslim north. That rebellion has gone on for more than 15 years, with thousands of lives lost due to fighting and famine. Under this new accord, both countries say they will make every effort to disband and disarm rebel or terrorist groups that are hostile to the other nation. The agreement also calls for both countries to open diplomatic offices in each other's capitals after one month if the terms of the accord are being honored. (Signed) NEB/JW/JWH/JP 08-Dec-1999 12:43 PM EDT (08-Dec-1999 1743 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .





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