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DATE=10/30/1999 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT TITLE=INDONESIA / TIMOR (L-UPDATE) NUMBER=2-255646 BYLINE=PATRICIA NUNAN DATELINE=JAKARTA CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: Witnesses say the last remaining Indonesian soldiers have withdrawn from East Timor under the supervision of international peacekeepers. As Patricia Nunan reports from Jakarta, their withdrawal ends more than two decades of Indonesian military occupation in East Timor. TEXT: The departure of the last 900 Indonesian troops from East Timor ends 24 years of military occupation that began when they invaded the former Portuguese colony in 1975. Human rights officials say at least 200-thousand people died as a result of the initial invasion and Indonesia's occupation, during which troops were never able to defeat guerrillas from East Timor's independence movement. East Timor was wracked by more violence in September, when anti-independence militia groups backed by the Indonesian military went on a campaign of terror across the territory. They were reacting to an announcement that most East Timorese decided the territory should break free of Indonesian rule, in referendum supervised by the United Nations. Estimates by human rights officials about the number of people killed by the militias range from the hundreds to the thousands. The United Nations says at least 300 thousand others fled their homes or were forced to leave by Indonesian troops. They are now hiding in refugee camps in the East Timorese jungle, or in neighboring West Timor. Violence prompted the deployment of an Australian-led international peacekeeping force to the territory to help restore order. Earlier this month, the Indonesian government granted independence to East Timor. Since then the peacekeepers have had to begin protecting the departing Indonesian soldiers. Ordinary East Timorese have vented their anger at troops by taunting them and occasionally throwing rocks. A spokesman for the peacekeepers say the Indonesian military cancelled plans to hold a public memorial service for the five thousand Indonesian soldiers who died in East Timor, because of concerns a riot might break out. The responsibility for much of the security in East Timor was officially passed to the peacekeepers Friday. But Indonesian troops are still sharing responsibility for security at the airport, where most troops are expected to depart. (signed) Neb / pn / wd/JP 30-Oct-1999 14:55 PM EDT (30-Oct-1999 1855 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .





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