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DATE=10/20/1999 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT TITLE=U-N - AFGHANISTAN - BRAHIMI (L - ONLY) NUMBER=2-255296 BYLINE=MAX RUSTON DATELINE=UNITED NATIONS CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: The United Nations is stepping up pressure on Afghanistan's Taleban to stop military aggression against its opponents and seek a political settlement to the country's civil war. The latest move to achieve that goal comes from U-N Special Envoy Lakhdar Brahimi, who says he is withdrawing from active involvement in peace efforts. More from our U-N correspondent Max Ruston. TEXT: Mr. Brahimi says he is temporarily withdrawing from active involvement in Afghanistan because there has been no progress in efforts to achieve peace. The former Algerian Foreign Minister has been working for two years to arrange a political settlement between the Taleban - which controls most of Afghanistan - and an alliance of Northern opposition groups. Mr. Brahimi says the lack of progress is due in part to neighboring countries, which have been supplying weapons and soldiers to the warring parties. But he says most of the blame falls on the Taleban. /// BRAHIMI ACT /// The thing is in Afghanistan the Taleban, like everybody else . the strong party at any given moment think they can win militarily and therefore they do not want to talk. Yesterday [before] it was [Ahmad Shah] Masood. The day before yesterday [before that] it was [Gulbuddin] Hekmatyar. Today [now] it is the Taleban. They think that they can take over the country, so why should they negotiate with their enemies? Why should they give to their enemies what they can take very soon? This is the big hurdle we face. As we tell them: you can win territory, but winning territory does not mean achieving peace. /// END ACT /// Mr. Brahimi says there are already signs of rebellion and resistance against the Taleban in many parts of the country. Even if it succeeds in defeating the northern opposition groups, he says, neighboring countries will lend support to new opponents, ensuring there is no lasting peace. He says if there are new signs that the parties in the conflict are willing to work towards peace, he will immediately resume his role as a mediator. Mr. Brahimi's statement appears to have been timed to coincide with a resolution approved last week by the U-N Security Council, which also places new pressure on the Taleban. That resolution warns that sanctions will go into force against the Taleban in November unless it surrenders alleged terrorist Usama bin Laden. Afghanistan has been giving shelter to Usama bin Laden despite calls for him to face trial on charges of plotting the bombings of U-S embassies in Tanzania and Kenya last year. (Signed) NEB/MPR/LSF/TVM/gm 20-Oct-1999 15:31 PM EDT (20-Oct-1999 1931 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .





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