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DATE=10/6/1999 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT TITLE=RUSSIA / CHECHNYA (L) NUMBER=2-254716 BYLINE=PETER HEINLEIN DATELINE=MOSCOW CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: Martial law is in effect in Chechnya as Russian troops take up positions within artillery range of the capital, Grozny. V-O-A's Peter Heinlein in Moscow reports that Russia and the United Nations are sending fresh shipments of aid to refugees fleeing the breakaway region. TEXT: The mass exodus from Chechnya continues. Officials say seven thousand new refugees have arrived in neighboring Ingushetia in the past 24 hours. That brings the total to more than 130- thousand. Many are sleeping under the open sky. The United Nations refugee agency is sending an additional 160 tons of food to the region. Russia is sending even more. The U-N-H-C-R's Vera Soboleva says the aid includes railroad carriages that can serve as shelter during the Russian winter just ahead. /// SOBOLEVA ACT /// It is already autumn in this part of the country. That's why the Ministry of Emergencies of the Russian Federation is sending carriages, which can be used for temporary shelter, because it's already cold at night. /// END ACT /// With Russian troops setting up positions within 25 kilometers north of the capital, Grozny, President Aslan Maskhadov declared martial law in the region, and called for a holy war against federal forces. In Moscow, meanwhile, Defense Minister Igor Sergeyev refused to rule out a further advance. ///SERGEYEV ACT IN RUSSIAN/// He says, "Everything will depend on specific developments." He told reporters some federal troops are still advancing toward Grozny. ///OPT/// At the same time, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin was pledging to devote a larger part of next year's federal budget to military spending. /// PUTIN ACT IN RUSSIAN... /// He says, "In connection with developments in the south, we must spend more, and shift our priorities to buying military equipment." Russians, angered by the bombing of apartment buildings last month that killed nearly 300 people, have largely supported the latest campaign in Chechnya. Even opponents of the earlier Chechen war have endorsed the idea of wiping out Chechen terrorists blamed for the bombings. But two prominent politicians, former Prime Minister Sergei Stepashin and factional leader Grigory Yavlinsky Wednesday, said the recent air raids on civilian areas in Chechnya ignored what they called the "tragic experience" of the previous war. Mr. Yavlinsky warned Russia's leaders against exploiting the conflict for political purposes. ///YAVLINSKY ACT IN RUSSIAN, THEN FADE TO.../// He says, "The development of events in Chechnya along the lines of 1994 to 1996 will lead to a colossal defeat for Russia." ///END OPT/// In Chechnya, meanwhile, Russian forces and Chechen fighters were reported exchanging fire in districts north of Grozny. The Interfax news agency quotes Russia's armed forces chief of staff, General Anatoly Kvashnin, as saying the current military operations would finish only after a security zone with Russian administration is firmly in place. That would indicate a long conflict. Chechen President Maskhadov this week told reporters his forces would fight until Russian troops are driven out of Chechnya, as they were in 1996. (Signed) NEB/PFH/GE/KL 06-Oct-1999 11:06 AM EDT (06-Oct-1999 1506 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .

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