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DATE=9/29/1999 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT TITLE=U-N - EAST TIMOR (L-ONLY) NUMBER=2-254445 BYLINE=PATRICIA NUNAN DATELINE=JAKARTA CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: The United Nations says it is preparing to take up civilian duties in East Timor, including the delivery of water and electricity for the territory which was devastated by a wave of violence. As Patricia Nunan reports from Jakarta, much of East Timor's infrastructure was destroyed when anti- independence militias swept through the territory, killing thousands and setting fire to buildings and homes. Text: Senior United Nations officials say they want to put civil society back on track in East Timor. They want to start by providing basic services such as water, electricity, sanitation, and telecommunications for the territory. The struggle to improve East Timor's infrastructure comes as part of an international effort to restore order to the territory, wracked by two weeks of bloodshed earlier this month. Armed militia groups caused riots throughout the territory, killing thousands and forcing hundreds of thousands to flee. Much of the East Timorese capital Dili has been burned to the ground. Aid workers say the same holds true for most towns outside the capital. Most U-N personnel were forced to evacuate East Timor because of the violence, which was sparked by the announcement that most East Timorese voted to separate from Indonesia in a U-N-supervised referendum held in August. The militia groups are opposed to independence for East Timor. An international peacekeeping mission was launched in East Timor 10 days ago in response to the militia violence. Roughly eight thousand troops from more than 20 different countries will eventually be deployed to East Timor to help restore order after the militia violence -- and to allow the United Nations to return. International relief organizations are focusing on providing basic necessities to East Timorese refugees, many of whom are returning to the capital Dili after weeks spent hiding in the hills. Aid workers say one- quarter of the 60 thousand people who fled the capital for the nearby town of Dare have begun to return, in desperate need of assistance. Another 230 thousand people are believed to have fled into West Timor -- or were forced to leave by the Indonesian military. Meanwhile the head of the Indonesian Armed Forces cautiously welcomed an official inquiry to be launched by the United Nations, into alleged war crimes committed by Indonesian troops in East Timor. But General Wiranto warned that the United Nations should not assume that all human rights abuses in East Timor were committed by the military. U-N personnel in East Timor alleged that Indonesian troops participated in the militia violence, prompting the U-N High Commissioner for Refugees to call for an official inquiry. The resolution mandating the inquiry was adopted Monday. NEB/PN/FC/PLM 29-Sep-1999 06:42 AM EDT (29-Sep-1999 1042 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .





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