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DATE=7/24/99 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT NUMBER=2-252109 TITLE=CHIAPAS EXECUTIONS (L-ONLY) BYLINE=JAMES BLEARS DATELINE=MEXICO CITY CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: A UNITED NATIONS INVESTIGATOR IN MEXICO HAS CALLED FOR ACTION TO PREVENT MORE SUMMARY EXECUTIONS IN THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE COUNTRY. THE SPECIAL U-N RAPPORTEUR (ENVOY) ON EXTRA-JUDICIAL EXECUTIONS, ASMA JAHANGIR, HAS BEEN ON A TWO WEEK MISSION, TALKING WITH WITNESSES AND SURVIVORS OF THE KILLINGS, AT THE INVITATION OF THE MEXICAN GOVERNMENT. JAMES BLEARS REPORTS FROM MEXICO CITY. TEXT: THE TWO WORST MASSACRES HAPPENED IN THE STATE OF CHIAPAS IN 1997, WHEN A PARAMILITARY GANG MURDERED 45 UNARMED MEN, WOMAN AND CHILDREN, AND IN GUERRERO IN 1995, WHEN POLICE SHOT DEAD 17 UNARMED FARMERS WHO WERE ON THEIR WAY TO A PROTEST MEETING. ASMA JAHANGIR SAYS THERE MUST BE RECONCILIATION BECAUSE THE ALTERNATIVE WILL BE A SPIRALING LEVEL OF VIOLENCE, WHICH COULD WELL RE-ERUPT IN VENDETTA STYLE FEUDS. /// FIRST JAHANGIR ACT /// WELL THIS WAS BEHIND MY THINKING OF SAYING FORGIVE, BECAUSE I FEEL THAT THEY ARE LIVING IT EVERY DAY AND THE FACT THAT PEOPLE HAVE GOT CONVICTED NOW AND SOME OF THEM GENUINELY BELIEVE THAT THEY ARE INNOCENT ALSO GIVES RISE TO ANGER ON THE OTHER SIDE. THERE IS THE POSSIBILITY OF ANOTHER FLARE UP IN THAT AREA AND THAT IS WHY IT IS IMPORTANT FOR HEALING, OF CONFIDENCE BUILDING TO BUILD BRIDGES AMONG THESE COMMUNITIES. /// END ACT /// ASMA JAHANGIR IS COMPILING A REPORT, BUT SHE HAS ALREADY MADE TWO PRELIMINARY RECOMMENDATIONS. THESE ARE: THE DE-CENTRALIZATION OF POWER, SO THAT IT CAN PROPERLY FILTER DOWN TO THE MUNICIPAL AND GRASS ROOTS LEVEL, AND WIDESPREAD INTERNATIONAL OBSERVER PARTICIPATION IN THE MORE REMOTE HAMLETS DURING NEXT YEAR'S PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION -- WHICH IS WIDELY CONSIDERED THE MOST IMPORTANT ACID TEST OF MEXICAN DEMOCRACY IN MORE THAN A HALF CENTURY. BUT AS THE U-N RAPPORTEUR EXPLAINS, THESE COMMENTS HAVE ALREADY DRAWN A SWIFT AND SHARP RESPONSE FROM THE MEXICAN GOVERNMENT. /// SECOND JAHANGIR ACT // AND YOU HAVE A REACTION FROM THE FOREIGN MINISTRY TODAY SAYING THAT WAS NOT MY MANDATE TO MAKE THESE TWO RECOMMENDATIONS. ONE WAS THE DEVOLUTION (RETURN) OF POWER RIGHT TO THE MUNICIPAL LEVEL AND TO HAVE INTERNATIONAL OBSERVERS AT THE NEXT ELECTION. AND WHY I SAID THAT WAS EVER SINCE I HAVE BEEN HERE I HAVE HEARD THE GOVERNMENT AND EVERYONE SAY THAT THE ARMED CONFLICT SITUATION IS A POLITICAL ONE. IF IT IS A POLITICAL ONE, THEN THE RESOLUTION HAS TO BE POLITICAL. /// END ACT /// ASMA JAHANGIR, WHO IS A HIGH COURT MAGISTRATE IN PAKISTAN, HAS SPENT MOST OF HER LIFE CHAMPIONING HUMAN RIGHTS. SHE PRAISES THE MEXICAN GOVERNMENT FOR ALLOWING HER TO CONDUCT THIS INVESTIGATION AND SAYS IT IS GENUINELY WORKING TOWARD HALTING AND PUNISHING SUCH CRIMES. (SIGNED) NEB/JB/CBL-T/GM 24-Jul-99 6:21 PM EDT (2221 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .





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