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DATE=7/4/99 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT NUMBER=2-251402 TITLE=EAST TIMOR / INDONESIA / L-O BYLINE=PATRICIA NUNAN DATELINE=JAKARTA CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: THE INDONESIAN FOREIGN MINISTER HAS REPEATED A PLEDGE THE GOVERNMENT WILL WORK WITH THE UNITED NATIONS IN THE DISPUTED TERRITORY, EAST TIMOR -- DESPITE RECENT INCIDENTS OF HARASSMENT OF UNITED NATIONS PERSONNEL BY PRO-INDONESIA MILITIA GROUPS. AS PATRICIA NUNAN REPORTS FROM JAKARTA, ALI ALATAS WAS SPEAKING AFTER A HISTORIC MEETING WITH TOP EAST TIMORESE INDEPENDENCE LEADERS. TEXT: THE MEETING WAS THE LATEST IN A SERIES OF GESTURES INDONESIAN FOREIGN MINISTER ALI ALATAS HAS MADE TOWARDS EAST TIMORESE INDEPENDENCE LEADERS. MR. ALATAS MET WITH JOSE RAMOS HORTA AND XANANA GUSMAO FOR MORE THAN AN HOUR SUNDAY. THEY DISCUSSED WAYS TO ENSURE PEACE IN EAST TIMOR BEFORE NEXT MONTH'S SPECIAL AUTONOMY REFERENDUM IN THE DISPUTED TERRITORY, TO BE SUPERVISED BY THE UNITED NATIONS. CONCERNS OVER SECURITY IN EAST TIMOR ARE HEIGHTENED. AT LEAST 11 PEOPLE WERE INJURED LAST WEEK IN MALIANA, EAST TIMOR, WHEN A PRO-INDONESIA MILITIA GROUPS THREW ROCKS AT A U-N COMPOUND. IN ANOTHER INCIDENT, THE UNITED NATIONS WITHDREW 20 PERSONNEL FROM LIQUISA, FOLLOWING THREATS MADE AGAINST U-N OFFICIALS. STILL, MR. ALATAS SAYS INDONESIA IS COMMITTED TO PROVIDING SECURITY FOR THE U-N MISSION -- CALLED UNAMET. // ALATAS ACTUALITY // IT'S US WHO HAVE PROPOSED THIS WHOLE SOLUTION. WHY SHOULD WE BE NOW AGAINST UNAMET OR RISKING THE CRITICISM OF THE WORLD BY NOT PROVIDING SECURITY FOR UNAMET? // END ACTUALITY // THE UNITED NATIONS REFERENDUM IS INTENDED TO END 24 YEARS OF FIGHTING IN EAST TIMOR THAT BEGAN WHEN THE INDONESIAN MILITARY INVADED THE FORMER PORTUGUESE COLONY IN 1975. THE EAST TIMORESE PEOPLE WILL BE ASKED TO CHOOSE WHETHER THE TERRITORY SHOULD OFFICIALLY INTEGRATE WITH INDONESIA, UNDER A SPECIAL AUTONOMY PLAN. IF THEY REJECT THAT PLAN, EAST TIMOR WILL MOVE TOWARDS BECOMING AN INDEPENDENT NATION. IN SUNDAY'S MEETING, MR. RAMOS HORTA REPEATED A DEMAND INDEPENDENCE LEADER XANANA GUSMAO BE RELEASED FROM HOUSE ARREST BEFORE THE AUTONOMY REFERENDUM. A ONE-TIME GUERRILLA COMMANDER, MR. GUSMAO IS SERVING A 20-YEAR SENTENCE ON CHARGES OF SUBVERSION. U-N OFFICIALS AGREE. THEY SAY MR. GUSMAO'S SHOULD BE RELEASED, SO HE CAN BE A MODERATING INFLUENCE DURING WHAT MANY EXPECT WILL BE AN EMOTIONALLY-CHARGED ATMOSPHERE SURROUNDING THE REFERENDUM. // REST OPTIONAL // MR. ALATAS SAYS MR. GUSMAO SHOULD BE RELEASED AFTER THE REFERENDUM, BECAUSE OF THE POTENTIALLY-VIOLENT DEMONSTRATIONS THAT COULD BREAK OUT BETWEEN EAST TIMOR'S RIVAL FACTIONS. // ALATAS ACTUALITY // THAT DOESN'T MEAN THAT THE OTHER SIDE WOULD ACCEPT IT AND THERE WILL BE BE DEMONSTRATIONS AND COUNTER DEMONSTRATIONS. THAT OF COURSE I THINK AN INEVITABLE CONSEQUENCE. AND, ON THAT SCORE, I WOULD NOT BE SO VERY SURE THAT ONE MAN COULD STOP DEMONSTRATIONS AND COUNTER DEMONSTRATIONS, DON'T YOU THINK? // END ACTUALITY // MR. RAMOS HORTA WAS CO-WINNER OF THE 1996 NOBEL PEACE PRIZE FOR HIS EFFORTS TO IMPROVE HUMAN RIGHTS IN EAST TIMOR AND IS A LONG-TIME CRITIC OF THE INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT. BUT IT GRANTED HIM A VISA TO COME TO INDONESIA FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 24 YEARS TO ATTEND PEACE TALKS BETWEEN EAST TIMOR'S RIVAL PRO-INDEPENDENCE AND PRO-INTEGRATION FACTIONS. (SIGNED). NEB / PN / WD / WD 04-Jul-99 5:23 AM EDT (0923 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .





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