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DATE=5/27/99 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT NUMBER=2-249855 TITLE=INDONESIA / EAST TIMOR BYLINE=GARY THOMAS DATELINE=JAKARTA CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: DIPLOMATIC SOURCES IN JAKARTA SAY PRO-INDONESIAN MILITIAS IN EAST TIMOR HAVE STEPPED UP THEIR CAMPAIGN AGAINST EAST TIMORESE WHO SUPPORT INDEPENDENCE FOR THE TROUBLED PROVINCE. AS WE HEAR FROM VOA'S GARY THOMAS IN JAKARTA, THE EAST TIMORESE ARE REPORTEDLY BEING UPROOTED, IN ADVANCE OF THE AUGUST VOTE ON AUTONOMY OR INDEPENDENCE. TEXT: WESTERN DIPLOMATIC SOURCES HERE IN JAKARTA SAY LARGE NUMBERS OF EAST TIMORESE ARE BEING FORCED FROM THEIR HOMES, IN WHAT THEY REFER TO AS "POLITICAL CLEANSING." A TOP INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT SPOKESPERSON DENIES THE REPORT. THE SOURCES, WHO ASKED NOT TO BE NAMED, SAY PRO-JAKARTA MILITIAS HAVE DISPLACED THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE, WHOM THE MILITIAS BELIEVE TO BE IN FAVOR OF INDEPENDENCE. THE SOURCES COULD NOT GIVE EXACT FIGURES OF THE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE REPORTEDLY INVOLVED. PRO-JAKARTA MILITIAS MAN CHECKPOINTS ON THE ROADS LEADING OUTSIDE THE EAST TIMOR CAPITAL DILI AND MOST OF THE TIME REFUSE TO LET UNITED NATIONS OR HUMAN RIGHTS WORKERS PASS. THE DIPLOMATIC SOURCES SAY THEY BELIEVE THAT AS MANY AS 20-THOUSAND PEOPLE OF THE 40-THOUSAND PEOPLE IN THE AREA AROUND LIQUICA, WEST OF THE CAPITAL DILI, HAVE BEEN DRIVEN FROM THEIR HOMES. MANY OF THE HOMES, THEY SAY, WERE SUBSEQUENTLY BURNED. THE ACCOUNTS FROM DIPLOMATIC SOURCES, OF FORCED RELOCATIONS ARE CONFIRMED BY ROMAN CATHOLIC RELIEF AGENCY WORKERS IN EAST TIMOR.THE ASSOCIATED PRESS NEWS AGENCY QUOTES ROMAN CATHOLIC RELIEF SOURCES IN THE TERRITORY AS SAYING AS MANY AS 40 THOUSAND PEOPLE HAVE BEEN FORCED FROM THEIR HOMES. ASKED TO COMMENT, DEWI FORTUNA ANWAR, A SENIOR AIDE TO PRESIDENT B-J HABIBIE, SAID THE SITUATION IS THE OPPOSITE, AND THAT PRO-JAKARTA PEOPLE HAVE BEEN DRIVEN FROM THEIR HOMES BY PRO-INDEPENDENCE FORCES. MANY PEOPLE HAVE FLED THE VIOLENCE IN EAST TIMOR TO SAFETY IN THE CAPITAL. OTHERS, HOWEVER, ARE REPORTED TO BE IN CAMPS CONTROLLED BY MILITIAS OR THE MILITARY, WHERE THE SOURCES SAY CONDITIONS ARE ABYSMAL AND WHERE OUTSIDERS FROM AID GROUPS OR DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS HAVE BEEN REFUSED ACCESS. MS. ANWAR SAID SHE IS NOT AWARE OF THE EXISTENCE OF ANY SUCH CAMPS. BUT SHE SAID THE NEW UNITED NATIONS CONTINGENT THAT HAS ARRIVED TO ASSIST IN OVERSEEING THE AUGUST BALLOT SHOULD BE ABLE TO DETERMINE WHAT THE SITUATION IS. A FORMER PORTUGUESE COLONY, EAST TIMOR WAS INVADED BY INDONESIA IN 1975 AND ANNEXED THE NEXT YEAR. VIOLENCE HAS ESCALATED IN EAST TIMOR SINCE EARLIER THIS YEAR, WHEN THE INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT ANNOUNCED IT WAS WILLING TO GIVE THE EAST TIMORESE A CHOICE OF AUTONOMY OR INDEPENDENCE. THE VOTE IS SCHEDULED TO BE HELD IN AUGUST. MILITIAS OPPOSED TO THE VOTE SUDDENLY SPRUNG UP, ALLEGEDLY WITH THE ACTIVE BACKING OF THE INDONESIAN MILITARY, AND BEGAN ATTACKING PRO-INDEPENDENCE TIMORESE. WESTERN DIPLOMATS SAY THE INCREASING NUMBERS OF DISPLACED PERSONS REPRESENT A POTENTIAL HUMANITARIAN NIGHTMARE. FOOD IS A MAJOR SOURCE OF CONCERN. IN EAST TIMOR, THE PRICE FOR THE MOST BASIC COMMODITY IN INDONESIA -- RICE -- HAS SURPASSED EVEN THAT OF JAKARTA. (SIGNED) NEB/GPT/FC 27-May-99 5:43 AM EDT (0943 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .





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