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DATE=4/19/99 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT NUMBER=2-248293 TITLE=CONGO TALKS (L ONLY) BYLINE=TODD PITMAN DATELINE=KIGALI CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: THE PRESIDENT OF CONGO-KINSHASA, LAURENT KABILA, HAS SIGNED A PEACE DEAL WITH UGANDAN PRESIDENT YOWERI MUSEVENI, WHOSE TROOPS ARE BACKING REBELS IN THEIR NINE-MONTH STRUGGLE AGAINST THE KABILA GOVERNMENT. BUT AS TODD PITMAN REPORTS FROM KIGALI, BOTH THE REBELS AND THEIR MAIN ALLY, RWANDA, SAY THE AGREEMENT -- SIGNED SUNDAY IN LIBYA -- IS MEANINGLESS WITHOUT THE PARTICIPATION OF ALL PARTIES TO THE CONFLICT. TEXT: CONGOLESE REBEL LEADER ERNEST WAMBA DIA WAMBA SAYS ANY PEACE AGREEMENT THAT EXCLUDES THE REBELS WILL BE DIFFICULT TO BEING IMPLEMENT. PROFESSOR WAMBA SAYS THE REBELS MAIN DEMAND -- FACE TO FACE TALKS WITH PRESIDENT KABILA -- HAS REMAINED UNCHANGED AND UNMET SINCE THE REBELLION BEGAN LAST AUGUST. A SENIOR GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL IN RWANDA, WHOSE TROOPS ARE BACKING REBELS IN THE SOUTH, ALSO EXPRESSED SIMILAR SENTIMENTS. BOTH PROFESSOR WAMBA AND RWANDAN OFFICIALS SAY THEY ARE NOT EVEN AWARE OF THE CONTENTS OF THE AGREEMENT. LIBYAN TELEVISION REPORTED THAT THE PEACE DEAL -- WHICH CALLS FOR A CEASEFIRE, THE DEPLOYMENT OF AFRICAN PEACEKEEPERS, AND THE WITHDRAWAL OF ALL FOREIGN TROOPS -- WAS BROKERED AT A MINI-SUMMIT ARRANGED BY LIBYAN LEADER MUAMMAR GADHAFI ON SUNDAY. TROOPS FROM ZIMBABWE, ANGOLA, NAMIBIA, AND CHAD ARE ALL OPENLY BACKING PRESIDENT KABILA'S GOVERNMENT ARMY. BUT OF THOSE ALLIES, ONLY THE CHADIAN PRESIDENT SIGNED THE ACCORD. THE NEWS COMES AMID FLURRY OF PEACE EFFORTS SEEKING AN END TO THE CONFLICT. REBEL ENVOYS SAT DOWN AT THE SAME TABLE WITH OFFICIALS FROM THE CONGOLESE GOVERNMENT FOR THE FIRST TIME IN THE ZAMBIAN CAPITAL, LUSAKA. BUT THE REBELS WALKED OUT OF THE TALKS, SAYING THEY HAD BEEN GIVEN NO TIME TO EXAMINE OR CHANGE THE AGENDA WHICH WAS DRAWN UP WITHOUT THEM AT PREVIOUS MEETINGS. ANOTHER, SEPARATE ROUND OF PEACE TALKS IS SCHEDULED TO BE HELD IN ROME ON APRIL 30TH UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC PEACE GROUP, THE SANT' EGIDIO COMMUNITY. PROFESSOR WAMBA SAYS AN AGENDA FOR TALKS IN ROME HAS NOT YET BEEN COMPLETED, BUT WOULD FOCUS ON BROAD THEMES INCLUDING THE CONSTITUTION, POWER SHARING AND THE LIBERALIZATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES. BUT PROFESSOR WAMBA SAYS THE ROME TALKS WOULD MEAN LITTLE WITHOUT TALKING FIRST ABOUT WAYS TO END THE FIGHTING. (SIGNED) NEB/TP/JWH 19-Apr-99 10:04 AM EDT (1404 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .





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