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DATE=4/1/99 TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT NUMBER=5-42999 TITLE=ANGOLA/ZAMBIA/ARMS BYLINE=ALEX BELIDA DATELINE=JOHANNESBURG CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: ANGOLA CONTINUES TO MAKE SERIOUS CHARGES AGAINST ZAMBIA, ACCUSING IT OF SUPPORTING THE "UNITA" REBEL MOVEMENT. ZAMBIA, ON THE OTHER HAND, CONTINUES TO REJECT THE ALLEGATIONS. V-O-A SOUTHERN AFRICA CORRESPONDENT ALEX BELIDA EXAMINES THE DISPUTE. TEXT: ANGOLA CHARGES THAT ZAMBIA'S GOVERNMENT, AS WELL AS PRIVATE BUSINESSES AND INDIVIDUALS IN ZAMBIA, ARE KEY ELEMENTS IN UNITA'S CLANDESTINE, SANCTIONS-BUSTING SUPPLY NETWORK. ZAMBIA SAYS SUCH ACCUSATIONS ARE UNTRUE. NEWSTEAD ZIMBA IS ZAMBIA'S CHIEF GOVERNMENT SPOKESMAN: // ZIMBA ACTUALITY // ANGOLA HAS BEEN ASSURED AND ANGOLA IS CONTINUOUSLY BEING ASSURED BY ZAMBIA THAT WE ARE NOT GOING TO ENGAGE IN THE DIRTY THINGS THEY ALLEGE WE ARE DOING. // END ACT // BUT ZAMBIAN OPPOSITION POLITICIANS CLAIM THE ANGOLAN CHARGES ARE TRUE. PEOPLE LIKE EXILED OPPOSITION LEADER RODGER CHONGWE INSIST ANGOLA HAS A LEGITIMATE CASE AND BELIEVE THAT IT SHOULD TAKE ACTION TO SHUT DOWN UNITA'S ZAMBIAN CONNECTION. // CHONGWE ACTUALITY // I'M NOT ADVOCATING THAT ANGOLA SHOULD BE INVADING NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES. BUT IF ANGOLA IS BEING PROVOKED BY HEADS OF STATE OF NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES BECAUSE OF THEIR GREEDINESS IN MONEY BY SELLING ARMS TO REBEL MOVEMENTS, I'M SURE THAT IF I WAS IN THE ANGOLAN GOVERNMENT, I WOULD HOLD MR. CHILUBA AND EVEN HIS VICE PRESIDENT -- WHO I UNDERSTAND IS ALSO INVOLVED -- PERSONALLY LIABLE FOR THIS CRIME. AND I THINK THEY SHOULD BE DEALT WITH SEVERELY. // END ACTUALITY // ANALYSTS SAY THERE IS EVIDENCE TO SUGGEST THAT ZAMBIA IS GUILTY -- PERHAPS NOT OF OFFICIALLY-ENDORSED GOVERNMENT SUPPORT FOR UNITA, BUT CERTAINLY OF PRIVATE, FOR-PROFIT INVOLVEMENT WITH THE REBELS, AND OF ALLOWING THE USE OF ZAMBIAN TERRITORY AS A CONDUIT INTO UNITA-HELD AREAS OF ANGOLA BORDERING ZAMBIA. RICHARD CORNWELL OF THE INDEPENDENT "INSTITUTE FOR SECURITY STUDIES" OUTSIDE JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, SAYS THE ARMS TRADE IN THE REGION OFTEN LINKS THE POLITICAL AND BUSINESS ELITES OF COUNTRIES. // CORNWELL ACTUALITY // THERE ARE A NUMBER OF NETWORKS ACROSS SOUTHERN (AND) CENTRAL AFRICA WHICH MAKE UP THE REALLY THRIVING PIECES OF THE ECONOMIES OF THE REGION. AND THESE ARE BASICALLY ILLICIT NETWORKS THAT ARE WELL CONNECTED, POLITICALLY. AND IT'S THE INTERACTION BETWEEN POLITICAL ELITES AND BUSINESS ELITES, THE CO-OPTED BUSINESS ELITES THAT ARE RUNNING THESE ILLICIT NETWORKS, THAT MAKES UP SO MUCH OF THE STORY OF SOUTH, CENTRAL AFRICA. AND YOU CAN SEE (THAT) IF THE FLOW OF WEAPONS, EQUIPMENT, SUPPLIES TO UNITA WOULD BE STAUNCHED, THERE WOULD BE SOME MAJOR BUSINESS PEOPLE WHO WOULD BE IN VERY GRAVE DIFFICULTY. // END ACTUALITY // ANGOLA HAS IN THE PAST THREATENED MILITARY ACTION AGAINST ZAMBIA, IF UNITA'S SUPPLY LINKS IN THAT COUNTRY ARE NOT SHUT DOWN. BUT IT REMAINS UNCLEAR WHETHER IT WILL RUN THE RISK OF SUCH INTERVENTION, ESPECIALLY WHEN ITS FORCES APPEAR TO HAVE THEIR HANDS FULL BY FIGHTING UNITA'S WELL-EQUIPPED SOLDIERS IN ANGOLA ITSELF. (SIGNED) NEB/BEL/PCF 01-Apr-99 7:14 AM EST (1214 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .





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