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DATE=1/14/99 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT NUMBER=2-244176 TITLE=SUDAN CEASEFIRE (L ONLY) BYLINE=SCOTT STEARNS DATELINE=NAIROBI CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: RELIEF OFFICIALS SAY IT IS CRUCIAL THAT BOTH SIDES IN SUDAN'S CIVIL WAR EXTEND A HUMANITARIAN CEASEFIRE IN THE SOUTH OF THE COUNTRY. AS V-O-A'S SCOTT STEARNS REPORTS FROM OUR EAST AFRICA BUREAU, THAT TRUCE IS SET TO EXPIRE FRIDAY. TEXT: SINCE THE LIMITED CEASEFIRE BEGAN IN JULY, AID WORKERS SAY THEY HAVE SAVED THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE FROM HUNGER AND DISEASE. THE UNITED NATIONS OPENED MORE FEEDING CENTERS ACROSS BAHR EL-GHAZAL PROVINCE, LAUNCHING WHAT IT CALLED THE BIGGEST HUMANITARIAN AIR-DROP IN HISTORY -- MORE THAN 30 FLIGHTS A DAY CARRYING ENOUGH FOOD FOR NEARLY THREE-MILLION PEOPLE. THE RELIEF GROUP "MEDECINS SANS FRONTIER" ("DOCTORS WITHOUT BORDERS") -- OR M-S-F -- DOUBLED STAFF AT CLINICS IN THE SOUTH. M-S-F SPOKESPERSON, MALINI MORZARIA, SAYS BEFORE THE CEASEFIRE, IT WAS DIFFICULT TO KEEP PROGRAMS GOING BECAUSE THERE WAS NO WAY TO KNOW HOW LONG IT WAS SAFE FOR STAFF, OR THOSE IN NEED, TO STAY IN ONE PLACE. /// MORZARIA ACT /// BEFORE THE CEASEFIRE WAS PUT INTO PLACE, THERE WERE SEVERAL TIMES WHEN THERE WERE SECURITY ISSUES ON THE GROUND AND THE TEAMS HAD TO EVACUATE FOR ONE DAY, TWO DAYS, OFTEN A WEEK. THERE WAS NO SUSTAINED CARE FOR THE POPULATION AND THE POPULATION WOULD OFTEN FLEE FROM THE LOCATION WHERE WE WERE SERVING THEM. /// END ACT /// MORE THAN 200 PEOPLE A DAY WERE DYING AT THE HEIGHT OF LAST YEAR'S FAMINE IN SUDAN. THE WORST NOW APPEARS OVER. BUT MS. MORZARIA SAYS A POPULATION WEAKENED BY HUNGER AND UNABLE TO PLANT CROPS CONTINUES TO LIVE ON THE EDGE OF DISASTER. /// SECOND MORZARIA ACT /// THE POPULATION IS IN A VERY FRAGILE SITUATION AND THERE COULD BE A DETERIORATION, IF THE SAME AMOUNT OF ASSISTANCE IS NOT CONTINUED. //OPT// WITH CONFLICT COMES DISPLACEMENT AND THAT HAS A VERY NEGATIVE IMPACT ON THE POPULATION IN TERMS OF FOOD SECURITY. THERE IS NO POSSIBILITY OF CULTIVATION. THEY OFTEN LOSE THEIR LIVELIHOOD AND ASSETS THAT HELP TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES. //END OPT// /// END ACT /// //OPT// BECAUSE THE CEASEFIRE DOES NOT INCLUDE ALL OF SOUTHERN SUDAN, THERE ARE STILL PROBLEMS. M-S-F SAYS GOVERNMENT PLANES BOMBED A CIVILIAN HOSPITAL IN KAJO KEJI IN WESTERN EQUATORIA WEDNESDAY, DESTROYING THE IMMUNIZATION BLOCK AND DAMAGING THE SURGICAL THEATER AND OUTPATIENT SERVICES. //END OPT// MS. MORZARIA SAYS THERE WILL BE NO END TO THE SUFFERING IN SOUTHERN SUDAN UNTIL THERE IS AN END TO 15 YEARS OF CIVIL WAR. /// THIRD MORZARIA ACT /// THE RELIEF ASSISTANCE ON ITS OWN IS NOT ENOUGH. THERE NEEDS TO BE A POLITICAL WILL TO HAVE SOME SOLUTION TO THIS VERY LONG-TERM CONFLICT. /// END ACT /// SOUTHERN CHRISTIAN AND ANIMIST REBELS ARE FIGHTING TROOPS FROM THE LARGELY MUSLIM, ARABIC NORTH. THE REBELS WANT GREATER AUTONOMY FOR SOUTHERN SUDAN. THE ARMY SAYS IT IS A WAR OF OUTSIDE AGGRESSION SPONSORED CHIEFLY BY UGANDA TO TRY AND BRING DOWN THE GOVERNMENT IN KHARTOUM. REGIONAL DIPLOMATS BELIEVE BOTH SIDES ARE LIKELY TO CARRY ON WITH THE CEASEFIRE WHICH WAS ALREADY EXTENDED ONCE IN OCTOBER. THERE HAS BEEN SOME DIPLOMATIC PROGRESS SINCE THEN WITH SUDAN'S PRO-GOVERNMENT NEWSPAPER REPORTING THAT FOREIGN MINISTER MUSTAFA OSMAN HAS GONE TO LIBYA TO MEET SUDANESE REBEL LEADER JOHN GARANG. (SIGNED) NEB/SKS/PCF/GE 14-Jan-99 8:38 AM EST (1338 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .





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