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DATE=1/8/99 TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT NUMBER=5-42320 TITLE=IRAQ/KURDS/DEPORTATIONS BYLINE=AMBERIN ZAMAN DATELINE=SULAYMANIYAH CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: IRAQ IS CONTINUING TO DEPORT HUNDREDS OF ETHNIC KURDS AND OTHER NON-ARAB MINORITIES TO KURDISH-CONTROLLED NORTHERN IRAQ, DESPITE REPEATED WARNINGS FROM U-N OFFICIALS TO STOP THE POLICY DESCRIBED BY KURDS AS "ETHNIC CLEANSING." AMBERIN ZAMAN HAS THE DETAILS FROM THE IRAQI-KURDISH CITY OF SULAYMANIYAH. TEXT: IN A DAMP, SQUALID, CANDLE-LIT ROOM, JALAL AMIN ALI, SHAKES WITH ANGER AS HE DESCRIBES HOW HE AND HIS FAMILY WERE FORCED BY IRAQI SECURITY FORCES TO LEAVE THEIR HOME. A FARMER FROM THE OIL RICH KIRKUK REGION IN IRAQI GOVERNMENT-CONTROLLED TERRITORY, MR. ALI SAYS HE WAS NOT AT HOME WHEN THE IRAQI POLICE CAME TO ORDER THEM OUT. SO THEY TOOK HIS WIFE AND BABY TO PRISON AND SAID THEY WOULD NOT BE GIVEN ANY FOOD UNTIL HE SHOWED UP AND THEY LEFT KIRKUK FOR GOOD. /// AMIN ALI ACT IN KURDISH ESTABLISH FADE UNDER. /// MR. ALI SAYS THERE IS NO RUNNING WATER, NO HEAT, AND NO ELECTRICITY IN THIS DERELICT HOTEL, WHICH HE NOW CALLS HOME. HE SAYS WITH NO JOB HE CAN BARELY FEED HIS FAMILY AND HAS LITTLE HOPE FOR THE FUTURE. FELLOW DEPORTEES FROM 120 FAMILIES SHELTERED HERE TELL MUCH THE SAME STORY. JALAL TALABANI, THE LEADER OF THE PATRIOTIC UNION OF KURDISTAN, ONE OF THE MAIN IRAQI KURDISH FACTIONS THAT CONTROLS SULAYMANIYAH, SAYS THE EXPULSIONS ARE INTENDED TO REMOVE NON-ARABS FROM THE OIL-RICH REGIONS OF MOSUL AND KIRKUK. /// TALABANI ACT IN ENGLISH /// THERE IS THE POLICY OF ETHNIC CLEANSING IN THE AREA, KURDISTAN AREA, WHICH IS STILL UNDER THE CONTROL OF IRAQI ARMY OF IRAQI GOVERNMENT, LIKE MANDALI, KHANAQIN, KIRKUK, MAHMOUR AREA. IN THESE PLACES, THE IRAQIS ARE CONTINUING THE POLICY OF ARABIZATION OF DEPORTATION AND BRINGING ARAB FAMILIES AND OBLIGING THEM TO SETTLE THERE, INSTEAD OF KURDS AND TURKOMENS WHO ARE DEPORTED. /// END TALABANI ACT //// MR. TALABANI SAYS HE RAISED THE ISSUE OF THE DEPORTATIONS WITH U-N SECRETARY GENERAL KOFI ANNAN LAST YEAR, AS WELL AS WITH SECRETARY OF STATE MADELEINE ALBRIGHT. BUT THERE ARE NO SIGNS SADDAM HUSSEIN IS ABANDONING WHAT MR. TALABANI TERMS HIS ARABIZATION CAMPAIGN, DESPITE REPEATED WARNINGS FROM THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. ACCORDING TO KURDISH OFFICIALS, ABOUT 250-THOUSAND ETHNIC KURDS HAVE BEEN FORCIBLY EVICTED FROM AREAS UNDER IRAQI GOVERNMENT CONTROL SINCE THE KURDS' FAILED UPRISING AGAINST BAGHDAD FOLLOWING THE 1991 PERSIAN GULF WAR. SADI PIRA, PATRIOTIC UNION OF KURDISTAN MINISTER RESPONSIBLE FOR HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS, SAYS EXPULSIONS, WHICH ALSO TARGET ETHNIC TURKS AND ASSYRIAN CHRISTIAN ARABS, OCCUR ALMOST DAILY. HE SAYS LOCAL KURDISH OFFICIALS HAVE A HARD TIME PROVIDING SHELTER FOR ALL OF THEM. MANY DEPORTEES ARE FORCED TO LIVE IN PLASTIC TENTS AND MOST HAVE THEIR U-N RATION CARDS FOR THE OIL FOR FOOD PROGRAM SEIZED BEFORE THEY ARE KICKED OUT. SO WHEN THEY COME TO NORTHERN IRAQ THEY ARE UNABLE TO CLAIM THEIR DAILY RATIONS OF FOOD FROM THE UNITED NATIONS. /// BEGIN PIRA ACT /// WE HAVE TO SPEAK ABOUT REGISTERING THEM AGAIN AND IT IS A LONG PROCESS. OF COURSE THEY TRY TO SPEED THIS PROCESS, BUT IT TAKES TIME. FOOD, RATION [CARDS] AND SOME CLOTHES FOR EXAMPLE, HEATING FOR WINTER. YOU CANNOT WAIT IT IS NOT LIKE BUILDING A SCHOOL OR A BRIDGE. /// END PIRA ACT /// JALAL TALABANI'S ORGANIZATION AND ITS RIVAL, MASSOUD BARZANI'S KURDISTAN DEMOCRATIC PARTY, HAVE CONTROLLED NORTHERN IRAQ SINCE APRIL 1991 WHEN THE UNITED STATES AND ITS ALLIES DECLARED A NO-FLY ZONE THERE. THE SO-CALLED KURDISH SAFE HAVEN IS PROTECTED BY U-S, BRITISH, AND TURKISH WARPLANES BASED IN SOUTHERN TURKEY. (SIGNED) LON/AZ/RAE/GE 08-Jan-99 11:46 AM EST (1646 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .





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