The Watkins was a US Army training range near Tong Du Chon consisting of 13 acres of land. No permenant buildings were said to exist as of the FY08 Deperatment of Defense Base Structure Report.
Fourteen cases of Korean hemorrhagic fever (KHF) were identified among 3,754 US Marines who participated in a joint US-Korean military training exercise in the Republic of Korea (ROK) from late September to mid-November 1986. Most (1,969) of the US force was quartered in tents at Uncheon Base Camp, within the perimeter of a permanent ROK Army garrison camp southwest of Uncheon. Another 1,105 Marines were at Watkins Range, about 2 km northwest of Uncheon Base Camp. The remaining 680 troops were engaged in aviation activities at various locations distant from the base camp.
Watkins Range was one of the 42 camps north of Seoul authorized Hardship Duty Pay of $150 per month as of 1 January 2001. The Hardship Duty Pay is paid to troops who are permanently assigned to areas where it is authorized or who serve 30 consecutive days of temporary duty in those areas. Several factors are considered in determining whether a location qualified for the pay: climate, physical and social isolation, sanitation, disease, medical facilities, housing, food, recreational and community facilities, political violence, harassment and crime. The extra pay provides meaningful financial recognition to troops assigned in areas where living conditions are substantially below US standards.
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