45deg/38min N 13deg/45min E.
Ship Landing in Trieste is out on the eastern side of the docks, near "D" Gate, which is open Monday to Friday 060-2100, Saturday 0600-1700, closed Sunday. It's about 2.5 km from the Main Gate (daily 24 hours), and 3.5 km from the central downtown waterfront where Fleet Landing is established on the Molo Bersaglieri.
Sixth Fleet ports of call are also located throughout the Mediterranean Sea. Ship visits ensure continued access to essential bases and infrastructure. Engagement capitalizes on naval strengths of mobility and sustainability, using the inherent prestige of U.S. flagged warships. Formative engagement is further enhanced by incorporating the full range of naval assets -- including Seabees, the chaplaincy, the Judge Advocate General corps, and civil affairs units -- during port visits.
The city of Trieste is located at the head of the Adriatic Sea, at the southern end of a long, narrow, coastal strip of Italy. To the northeast of the city a range of rocky hills rises to heights over 1000 ft and extends as a plateau into Yugoslavia. At both anchorages, depths are 59 ft and holding ground is fair to poor.
The harbor is divided into three large areas: the commercial port, the industrial port, and the oil harbor. The commercial port is formed by four free zones: Porto Franco Vecchio (Old Free Zone), Porto Franco Nuovo (New Free Zone), Scalo Legnami (Timber Dock), and Porto Franco Oli Minerali (Mineral Oil Dock). When entering Porto Franco Vecchio the approximately 518 ft wide south entrance is used. Ships may enter Porto Franco Nuovo through either the north or south entrance.
The Port of Trieste is an area of frequent Bora wind occurrences and is near the Trieste Gap where winds are frequently over 50 kt during Bora episodes. However, because the winds are from the direction of the land mass, wave heights are not extreme and many port operations can continue except during the most severe Bora outbreaks. The port is also protected from the Sirocco wind (southeasterly) and minimal wave heights occur with Sirocco events.
The main U.S. Navy berth is at the Stazione Maritima (Maritime Station) as is the fleet landing. Draft on the north side of the pier is 30 ft and 27 ft on the south side. The pier is 825 ft long and is made of concrete. Some of the mooring dolphins have worn caps (August 1987) and lines tend to slip up and off during heavy weather, especially during a Bora outbreak. Secondary berths are at the grain elevator pier (Molo VI) and at Scalo Legnami. Molo VII can facilitate large ships (40+ ft draft) but as of August 1987, expansion construction was in progress limiting the pier's use. Most of the piers are aligned in the direction of the Bora wind so ships can arrive and depart in winds as high as 40 kts. Note that the Maritime Station berth is not aligned with the Bora wind direction (east-northeasterly).
Tucked in a sheltered hook of the coastline at the top of the Adriatic Sea, Trieste has been a crossroads of Europe since Roman times. The port city, capital of Italy's easternmost province Friuli-Venezia Giulia, lies on the border with Slovenia, the central European state carved from former Yugoslavia To the north, the limestone plateau of the Carso rears up towards the Alpine border with Austria.
There are plenty of clues to Trieste's multi-cultural origins - Italian, Slav and Germanic. For instance, although Italian (or the local friulano dialect) is the common language in town, you'll see plenty of shops and businesses with distinctly Slavic names. There's no shortage of pasta or pizzas either, but many central european dishes appear on restaurant menus. Meanwhile, the attractive city center, with its imposing neo-Classical buildings, is known as the Borgo Teresiano after Empress Maria-Teresa of Austria, who turned the town into the thriving southern port of the Austro-Hungarian empire in the 19th Century.
Trieste offers a number of sightseeing and relaxation opportunities. Sun worshippers can follow the local example and drape themselves along the rocky shore in the seaside suburb of Barcola, or head further west to a selection of more sandy small beach resorts. There's great hiking and welcoming country pubs up on the Carso plateau. And you can use Trieste as a jumping-off point for longer excursions such as a day's skiing in winter, trips to Slovenia or further afield. An absolute "must" is the magical city of Venice, just two hours away by train.
The heart of town spreads back from the waterfront to the Capitoline Hill (topped by the castle and cathedral), and west to the main railway and bus stations on Pizza delta Liberta (a 15-minute walk from Fleet Landing). The beaches also lie to the west, easily accessible by local buses.
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