Tobyhanna Army Depot (TYAD) is the newest realigned organization of the US Army Communications-Electronics Command (CECOM) . Considered the largest and most progressive depot facility in the Department of Defense, TYAD performs worldwide depot level maintenance repair, overhaul and fabrication support for ground, airborne, navigational, and satellite communications-electronics equipment and missile systems.
Tobyhanna Army Depot is the Department of Defense's primary facility for repair, overhaul, maintenance, integration, fabrication, upgrade, and total life-cycle support of Communications-Electronics equipment and systems. TYAD is the largest, full-service communications and electronics maintenance facility in the Department of Defense. The systems at TYAD are used by virtually every unit in the force structure, and impact every aspect of the modern battlefield. Equipment and systems supported at TYAD include Air Traffic Control; Avionics; Command Control and Computers; Communications Security, Cryptographic; Electro Optics and Night Vision; Identification Friend or Foe; Intelligence Electronic Warfare; Meteorological; Power Generation; Radar; Radio Communications; Satellite Communications; Surveillance and Target Acquisition; and Data Communications.
TYAD operates Forward Repair Activities at Fort Hood, Texas; Fort Bragg, North Carolina; Seoul, South Korea; Scholfield Barracks, Hawaii; and Friedrichsfeld, Germany. Additionally, TYAD provides the repair of information management systems at the Consolidated Maintenance Support Service Facility at Corozal, Panama.
TYAD is located in the Pocono mountains of northeastern Pennsylvania, twenty miles southeast of Scranton. The Depot is readily accessible to major interstate highways, railways, port facilities, international airports, major industrial suppliers, colleges, and universities. TYAD has 4.1 million square feet of floor space in 143 buildings and two storage igloos. The replacement value of the buildings is $655 million. TYAD owns a total of 1,293 acres of land, has an annual operating budget exceeding $237 million, and locally procures more than $12 million annually in goods and services. Being the largest employer in northeastern Pennsylvania, TYAD employs over 3,000 civilians and 30 military personnel. TYAD's annual payroll exceeds $127 million. Its workforce is comprised of 200 job skills including engineers, electronic mechanics, computer programmers, and various industrial trade workers. TYAD hosts many community activities such as youth fishing tournaments, Operation Santa Clause, blood drives, Junior Achievement, Adopt A School, and Career Days. The Depot has membership in several regional Chambers of Commerce and actively participates in numerous community task forces and committees.
TYAD has assigned program managers and provides intensive program management for the following communications and electronic systems:
- Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System
- All Source Analysis System
- Defense Satellite Communications Systems
- Enhanced Positioning Location Reporting System
- Integrated Family of Test Equipment
- Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System
- MILSTAR (ARMY)
- Multi-Level Information Security System Initiative
- NAVSTAR Global Positioning System
- Single Channel Ground to Air Radio System
- Space Communications
TYAD's mission has expanded through the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) commission direction. In 1988, the BRAC commission directed the transfer of the communications-security mission from Lexington-Blue Grass Army Depot, Kentucky to TYAD. BRAC 1991 closed Sacramento Army Depot, California and directed that its workload be competed among the Air Force Sacramento Air Logistics Center and five Army depots; TYAD won four of the five big packages it was permitted to bid. BRAC 1993 directed the transfer of the maintenance and repair function of the U.S. Army Communication-Electronic Command's Intelligence Material Maintenance Center to TYAD; The transfer was completed in FY95.
BRAC 1995 directed the closure of McClellan Air Force Base, Sacramento, California and the transfer of its Ground Communications-Electronics maintenance workload to TYAD. In March 1997, the Depot Defense Maintenance Council directed a three-year transfer phase-in of the workload beginning October 1, 1997. With this workload, TYAD will become the Department of Defense's premier maintenance facility for electro optics and night vision equipment. BRAC 1995 also directed the transfer of the AIM-7 Sparrow, AIM-9 Sidewinder, AGM-65 Maverick, and AIM-54 Phoenix Missile Guidance and Control Workload from Letterkenny Army Depot to TYAD. With this workload, TYAD will become the Department of Defense's Inter-service Missile Support Facility.
The Army has maintained a nearly-continuous presence in Tobyhanna since 1912, when the site was first used as a field artillery training camp. Other uses include as a Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp, artillery training of West Point cadets, and as a World War II prisoner-of-war camp and storage point for gliders used in the D-Day landings at Normandy in 1944.
German prisoners-of-war went home in late 1945 and other activities at the installation slowed to a near halt. One activity that quickened was the disposal of excess gliders still stored at the installation. These were made available for sale to the general public and proved quite popular. More than 450 were sold at $75 each. Ironically, it was not the powerless aircraft which local residents sought, but the high-quality lumber that made up the glider's storage box. This wood was converted into home additions, porches, and even small cottages by many area residents. The federal government moved ahead with its plan to abandon the site, transferring the 22,000-acre reservation to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1949 for "recreation and conservation purposes."
The Army Signal Corps had operated from a leased facility in Baltimore during and after World War II. However, this facility was about to become unavailable to the Army, and the Signal Corps sought to maintain an East Coast presence by building a new depot. In determining an appropriate site, the Signal Corps required a location near eastern seaports and electronics manufactures, but outside of the then-anticipated nuclear blast zone around New York City or other strategic targets. On Jan. 17, 1951 that the Army formally announced its plan to reacquire 1,400 acres of the former Tobyhanna Military Reservation for a new $35 million supply depot. The new facility was welcome news to an economically depressed region severely suffering from the decline of the anthracite coal industry. An estimated 35,000 regional workers were unemployed and personnel officials would receive as many as 600 applications a day, even though the opening of the facility was more than two years away. Site design and preparation began later that year.
TYAD was established in 1953 under the jurisdiction of the Chief Signal Officer. In 1966, TYAD was placed under the command jurisdiction of Headquarters, Army Materiel Command. In 1986, the Depot was tasked as the Depot Systems Command Center for Technical Excellence for space communications. In 1988, the first of only two Reserve Component Training Facilities planned for the Army was constructed at TYAD. In 1994, as a result of BRAC, the Communications Security mission was transferred to TYAD from Lexington-Blue Grass Army Depot, Lexington, Kentucky. TYAD now operates under the Command and Control of the Communications and Electronics Command, Ft. Monmouth, New Jersey.
Secretary of Defense Recommendations: In its 2005 BRAC Recommendations, DoD recommended that the Red River Depot be closed. As a result, DoD recommended to relocate Red River's depot maintenance of Tactical Vehicles to both Tobyhanna Army Depot and Letterkenny Depot, PA.
It also recommended to consolidate depot maintenance of Electronic Components (Non-Airborne), Electro-Optics/Night Vision/Forward-Looking-Infrared, Generators, Ground Support Equipment, Radar, and Radio, formerly at Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstow, CA, at Tobyhanna Army Depot.
In another recommendation, DoD recommended to realign Naval Weapons Station Seal Beach, CA, as follows: relocate the depot maintenance of Electronic Components (Non-Airborne), Fire Control Systems and Components, Radar, and Radio to Tobyhanna Army Depot.
In another recommendation, DoD would realign Lackland AFB, TX, by relocating the depot maintenance of Computers, Crypto, Electronic Components (Non-Airborne), and Radio to Tobyhanna Army Depot.
DoD would realign Tobyhanna Army Depot, PA, by disestablishing storage and distribution functions for tires, packaged petroleum, oils, and lubricants, and compressed gases.
Secretary of Defense Justification:
This second recommendation would follow the strategy of minimizing sites using maximum capacity of 1.5 shifts while maintaining a west coast depot maintenance presence at Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstow to provide west coast operating forces with a close, responsive source for depot maintenance support. As a result of the consolidation, Tobyhanna would be in Moderate Non-attainment for Ozone (1-Hour) and an Air Conformity determination would be required.
This third recommendation would support depot maintenance function elimination at Naval Weapons Station Seal Beach and would follow the strategy of minimizing sites using maximum capacity at 1.5 shifts. Environmentally, this recommendation would have the potential to impact air quality at Tobyhanna AD.
This fourth recommendation would support depot maintenance function elimination at Lackland AFB and would follow the strategy of minimizing sites using maximum capacity at 1.5 shifts. Environmentally, this recommendation would have a potential to impact air quality at Tobyhanna.
This fourth recommendation would achieve economies and efficiencies that would enhance the effectiveness of logistics support to forces as they transition to more joint and expeditionary operations. This recommendation would disestablish the wholesale supply, storage, and distribution functions for all tires; packaged petroleum, oils and lubricants; and compressed gases used by the Department of Defense, retaining only the supply contracting function for each commodity. The Department would privatize these functions and would rely on private industry for the performance of supply, storage, and distribution of these commodities. By doing so, the Department could divest itself of inventories and eliminate infrastructure and personnel associated with these functions. This recommendation would result in more responsive supply support to user organizations and would thus add to capabilities of the future force. The recommendation would provide improved support during mobilization and deployment, and the sustainment of forces when deployed worldwide. Privatization would enable the Department to take advantage of the latest technologies, expertise, and business practices, which translates to improved support to customers at less cost. It centralizes management of tires; packaged petroleum, oils, and lubricants; and compressed gases and eliminates unnecessary duplication of functions within the Department. Assuming no economic recovery, this recommendation could result in the maximum potential job reductions of 31 total jobs (16 direct and 15 indirect) in the Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA, Metropolitan Statistical Area over the 2006-2011 time period (less than 0.1 percent).
Community Conerns: There were no formal expressions from the community regarding recommendation two.
Commission Findings: The Commission agreed with the Secretary of Defense that the proposed realignment of Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstow, CA will decrease the cost of depot maintenance operations across DoD while increasing the military value to the Warfighter. The realignment recommendation will leave in place sufficient depot surge capacity while generating cost savings regarding recommendation two.
Commission Recommendations: The Commission found the Secretary's second recommendation consistent with the final selection criteria and the Force Structure Plan. Therefore, the Commission approves the recommendation of the Secretary.
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