Howland Hook Marine Terminal
The 842nd Transportation Battalion oversees military transportation operations in the port of New York and New Jersey, and throughout the greater Northeast United States. In addition, it is responsible for the command and control of the Sea Port of Embarkation at Howland Hook Container Terminal, Staten Island, N.Y., where it supports the strategic deployment/redeployment of U.S. Armed Forces in contingency and operations other than war.
Howland Hook is an ideal strategic deployment site. It is ideally situated to support Fort Dix, NJ, and also the 10th Mountain Division at Fort Drum, NY. Howland Hook has been used for most MTMC equipment movements since the closure of the Bayonne Military Ocean Terminal. Howland Hook, across the Arthur Kill in Staten Island, is now the designated seaport for many units in the Northeast, since the closure of Bayonne Military Ocean Terminal in New Jersey was finally deactivated in September 1999. One of the largest refineries in the world is located on Arthur Kill, with Billions of gallons of storage. It is a petroleum feeder port for 5 states with cargoes ranging from aviation fuel for Logan Airport to home heating oil up the Hudson.
Staten Island offers water freight service through the Howland Hook Marine Terminal, located on the Island's North Shore. Howland Hook serves major shipping lines such as Maersk, Sea-Land and Evergreen. Port Ivory, a 371-acre property that abuts the Howland Hook facility, is a designated Free Trade Zone. Strategically located near the Goethals Bridge, the Howland Hook Marine Terminal occupies a 187-acre site readily accessible to major truck routes and will soon be connected to the North American rail network via the revitalized Staten Island Rail Road. The terminal reopened in 1996 under the supervision of Howland Hook Marine Terminal, Inc., a private terminal operator. In 1998 the terminal is expected to handle more than 150,000 containers of cargo. Port Authority investment to date in the facility is more than $50 million.
In the mid-1990s Howland Hook Marine Terminal was literally dead in the water. Its previous tenant, U.S. Lines, went out of business in 1986, and the terminal sat empty for years. Howland Hook re-opened in the fall of 1996. In just two years' time, the number of jobs went from zero to over 350, contributing over $22 million in direct and indirect wages. The marine terminal accounts for 10 percent of the total container volume for the entire port of New York and New Jersey -- and that number is growing. The total economic effect of all this cargo coming through Staten Island is estimated at nearly $1 billion. Benefits are felt by business people throughout the region, including truckers, import-export businesses, and warehouses.
In October 1998 Governor George E. Pataki announced the Port Authority will invest $23 million to expand the Howland Hook Container Terminal, where business has grown dramatically since the terminal reopened two years ago. The investment will propel further growth by expanding the terminal and linking it to rail lines serving important markets in the Midwest and Canada. New York's newest port, Howland Hook, has created over 350 jobs for Staten Island, with ripple effects for business throughout the region. This $23 million investment will ensure this port continues to grow and to support New York's historic role as the East Coast's leading global port.
Troops of the 42nd Infantry Division trained for overseas deployment 12-14 April 1999 at the Army's new port of embarkation on Staten Island, N.Y. Elements of the National Guard, Army Reserve and active forces participated in the deployment exercise at Howland Hook Container Terminal. The exercise was conducted by the Military Traffic Management Command and its 600th Transportation Group based out of Fort Monmouth, N.J., along with reservists from the 1176th Transportation Terminal Brigade headquartered in Baltimore.
DEPEX'99, as the exercise was dubbed, not only provided training for guardsmen of the 42nd Infantry Division, it also helped port operators practice for the upcoming deployment of the 10th Mountain Division. Part of the 10th Mountain Division, based at Fort Drum, N.Y., deployed to Bosnia in the summer of 1999, the first time the division headquarters had returned to Europe since World War II.
For soldiers who will operate the port, the exercise was their first chance to become familiar working with the terminal facilities at Howland Hook. They received three convoys of military vehicles at the port, staged the equipment and called it forward to the quay wall, where they simulated loading it aboard a ship. DEPEX'99 not only involved the staging of National Guard equipment at the port, but also involved the 10th Mountain Division as a notional participant. Port operators processed more than 150 pieces of notional equipment from Fort Drum as part of a command post exercise. One of the CPX injects involved a simulated protest at the gates of the terminal by pro-Yugoslavian demonstrators. It was just another element that added realism to the exercise and took into account events happening around the world.
When the MV Express sailed for Koper, Slovenia on 17 August 2000, it represented an extraordinary move of Military Traffic Management Command cargo. The biggest challenge facing the ship operators was the channel at the dock was too narrow to load from the ship's stern ramp. Operators of the Swedish-owned Armada Shipping vessel went to unusual lengths to carry a MTMC cargo of 20 UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters. Using cutting torches, they enlarged the entrance to the ship's side hatch. Once the cargo was stowed, the original opening was welded back in place. The side hatch will not have to be cut open again for cargo discharge, said Pet Fejeran, MTMC Operations Center. Restrictions on using the vessel's fixed stern ramp in Howland Hook Terminal limited loading operations to using the side ramp. With no such restrictions in Koper, the side ramp door will not have to be cut again for cargo discharge. The cutting and loading was done Aug. 16 at Howland Hook Marine Terminal, Staten Island, NY. The cutting took three hours. That's about nine hours faster than the 12-hour estimate given by Armada. After that, loading the helicopters only took a little over three hours. Armada representatives knew the Express would have to be altered when they placed their bid. The company's bid was $100,000 below its next closest competitor.
The Arthur Kill Channel Howland Hook Marine Terminal 41 Foot Project provides for deepening the existing 35-foot Arthur Kill Channel to 41 feet MLW from its confluence with the Kill Van Kull Channel to the Howland Hook Marine Terminal in Staten Island, New York, and to 40 feet MLW from Howland Hook Marine Terminal to the Tosco Oil Terminal and GATX facilities in New Jersey and New York, respectively. Also included are selected widenings and realignments of the channel, as well as the removal of the U.S. dike north of Shooters Island. Project also provides for mitigation consisting of restoration and enhancement of approximately 23 acres of intertidal salt marsh. The benefit-to-cost ratio is 2.5 to 1. The average annual benefits are approximately $68,745,000, which are primarily for transportation cost savings. The project sponsor is the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. The estimated fully funded total project cost, based on $47/cy upland disposal costs, is $362,300,000, of which $230,500,000 is Federal cost and $131,800,000 is non-Federal cost. Non-Federal costs consist of the following: 25 percent of costs allocated to general navigation features during construction ($76,800,000); relocation of utilities ($10,340,000); bulkhead repairs ($15,320,000); and dredging of berthing areas ($29,340,000).
A revised draft Project Management Plan (PMP) for the investigation of the deepening of the Arthur Kill Channel to 45 feet was completed in April 1999, and was circulated for in-house and sponsor review. However, based on the preliminary findings of the New York Harbor feasibility study in June 1999, which found that the deepening of the Arthur Kill to 45 feet from the Howland Hook Terminal to the oil facilities in the Gulfport Reach is not economically justified, and further coordination with the Port Authority, the PMP scope, costs and schedule were revised based on the preparation of a Limited Reevaluation Report (LRR) for the deepening of the Arthur Kill from 41 to 45 feet from the confluence with KVK to Howland Hook Terminal only, with the elimination of the oil reach to 45 feet. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey has agreed to cost share in the preconstruction, engineering and design (PED) effort for the 45-foot study by letter dated January 22, 1998. The revised scope, schedule and cost of the PED effort was completed and provided to the sponsor for their review on 10 Dec 1999. Final coordinated PMP completed and approved by Corps and sponsor on 14 March 00. Negotiation of the Design Cost-Sharing Agreement with the Port Authority has been deferred. The initiation of the LRR for the PED effort is dependent on the submission of the Design Agreement package to HQ and execution of the Design Agreement, which is deferred pending sponsor decision to proceed with the 45-foot PED effort.
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