Crown Mountain, US Virgin Islands
Atlantic Fleet Weapons Training Facility
The Atlantic Fleet Weapons Training Facility (AFWTF) encompasses all facilities necesary for target development, repair, and utilization. These facilities are located on Naval Station Roosevelt Roads and Pico del Este in Puerto Rico, Crown Mountain in St.Thomas, Sprat Hall and St.George Hill in St.Croix, and Mount Pirata and Cerro Matias in Vieques.
Facilities on Crown Mountain include the AN/SPS-48C radar.
Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) developmental testing (DT-IIE) was conducted in May 2000 at the Atlantic Fleet Weapons Training Facility in Puerto Rico. Participants included two Aegis Baseline 6.1 cruisers and aircraft carrier with ACDS Block 1 and two CEC-equipped aircraft, and a relay station at Crown Mountain, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands. Tracking runs were conducted with aircraft and target drones. Tests were conducted with CEC, both on and off, for comparison. EA was conducted against both shipboard radars and the DDS network. Six Standard Missiles and one Sea Sparrow missile were fired at target drones representing anti-ship cruise missiles.
The Hassel Island Navy Dock is located in St. Thomas Harbor.
The United States Virgin Islands is an organized unincorporated island territory of the United States, at the eastern end of the Greater Antilles, about 40 miles (64 km) east of Puerto Rico, in the northeastern Caribbean Sea. Composed of three large islands, St. Croix, St. John, and St. Thomas, and about 50 small islets and cays, the islands cover 136 square miles (352 square km). The population in 1990 was estimated at 105,000, and the capital is Charlotte Amalie on St. Thomas. Crown Mountain (474 m/1556 ft) on Saint Thomas is the highest point. The climate is tropical, moderated by prevailing trade winds.
In 1917 the United States bought the Virgin Islands from Denmark for $25 million and built a naval base in order to protect the Panama Canal and to prevent Germany's seizure of the islands. From 1917, when the United States acquired the Virgin Islands, to 1931 the islands were governed by the Department of the Navy. In 1931 jurisdiction was transferred to the Department of the Interior, and a civil governor was appointed by the president.
The people are US citizens and elect a nonvoting representative to the U.S. House of Representatives but do not vote in U.S. national elections. Virgin Islanders have been U.S. citizens since 1927. After World War II (1939-1945), the Virgin Islands began to prosper again. Federal aid, local industry, and the growth of tourism helped improve the islands' economy. The Organic Act, which was passed in 1954, created a 15-member senate. In 1968 the Congress of the United States passed a law granting the people of the Virgin Islands the right to elect their own governor. Since 1970 the governor has been popularly elected.
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