75th Fighter Squadron [75th FS]
(Base Code: FT)
The 75th Fighter Squadron was first constituted as the 75th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 17 December 1941. On 15 May 1942, the squadron was redesignated as the 75th Fighter Squadron, and on 4 July 1942 it was activated into service.
The 75th Fighter Squadron's first assignment as an active unit was in the China-Burma-India theatre, where it absorbed the famous American Volunteer Group known as the "Flying Tigers." This group of men, under the leadership of General Claire L. Chennault, engaged in aerial combat against the Japanese prior to the war.
On the same day as its activation, the 75th scored its first major victory during a night interception flight against Japanese bombers. This was the first night interception ever attempted over the China theatre and gave the Japanese quite a shock. The intercepting pilots were credited with the destruction of two enemy bombers and two probables.
During the early days of its history, the 75th's mission was to attack and destroy the enemy by strafing airfields, troops, and supply depots, while maintaining air superiority so that the Japanese could not locate and bomb targets in China. Operating from numerous airfields within China, the 75th Fighter Squadron compiled an impressive record during World War II and received the Presidential Unit Citation.
After World War II, the squadron returned to the United States and was stationed at Fort Lewis, Washington. There the squadron was inactivated on 5 January 1946. Following a period of activations and inactivations, during which the squadron was assigned to such bases as Northwest Field, Guam, and Howard Air Force Base, Canal Zone, the squadron returned to active duty on 12 January 1951 as the 75th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron stationed at Presque Isle Air Force Base, Maine. During this period, the 75th served under the Air Defense Command and flew the F-86 with a mission to maintain a high degree of operational proficiency so that it might repel any possible enemy air attack. The squadron left Presque Isle on 16 October 1952 and was reassigned to Suffolk County Air Force Base, New York, where the squadron remained for three years before returning to Presque Isle.
The squadron continued to fly the F-86 until 1955 when it converted to the F-89. It continued operations out of Presque Isle until later moving to Dow Air Force Base, Maine.
In 1959 the squadron converted to the F-101, remaining at Dow Air Force Base until 1968 when it was transferred to Wurtsmith Air Force Base, Michigan. The squadron inactivated there on 30 November 1969.
On 18 May 1972, the squadron was redesignated the 75th Tactical Fighter Squadron, and on 1 July 1972 was activated at England Air Force Base, Louisiana. There the squadron began flying the A-7D "Corsair II" aircraft. The unit has remained at England Air Force Base since then, flying the A-7D until 1981 when conversion to the A-10 "Thunderbolt II" was completed.
On 18 November 1991, the 75th Tactical Fighter Squadron deactivated at England Air Force Base. On 3 April 1992, the squadron was again activated, this time under the "Flying Tiger" flag as the 75th Fighter Squadron located at Pope Air Force Base, North Carolina.
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