147th Fighter Wing [147th FW]
The 147th Fighter Interceptor took over Ellington Field when the Air Force deactivated at Ellington Air Force Base on 1 April 1976, under the jurisdiction of the Transition Caretaker Force (TCF) for its transition to the State of Texas Air National Guard. The 147 FIG operated Ellington Field for 8 years until it was taken over by the City of Houston on 1 July 1984. The Air National Guard, however, retained ownership of 214 acres which continues to house the 147th FIG and the Texas Army National Guard, and retains access to the Ellington Field flightline through a joint use agreement with the city.
On 4 May 1976 the 147th Combat Crew Training School graduated its last student, and in October 1978 the 147th won the United States Air Force Air-to-Air Weapons Meet - William Tell. The 147th would take the meet again in 1980.
The 147th converted to F-4Cs in 1982 and converted to F-4Ds starting in November 1986. Nearly two years later, in October 1988, the 147th won the F-4 Maintenance Award at William Tell.
In September 1989 the 147th converted to the F-16A, and by June 1992 the jets were being converted to F-16 air defense fighters. In October 1995 the unit was redesignated the 147th Fighter Wing (FW) and by September 1996 the 147 FW was converting from F-16As to F-16Cs jets. This conversion was completed by February 1997.
In October 1998 the 147th Fighter Wing converted to a General-Purpose role, an air-to-ground mission while also retaining its Alert mission. Throughout all the past and present changes, the 147th Fighter Wing remains an essential part of the First Air Force Team and one of the finest units in the Air National Guard.
The mission of the 147th FW is to conduct worldwide combat operations with the F-16C aircraft. The unit performs home station Air Sovereignty Alert and F-16 General Purpose role. It also trains to mobilize and deploy in accordance with the USAF war and mobilization plans, and tasked theater plans.
The 147th Fighter Wing is responsible for the command, direction, planning, and management of subordinate squadrons in fulfillment of the Wing's mission.
In its 2005 BRAC Recommendations, DoD recommended to realign Ellington Field AGS. The 147th Fighter Wing's F-16s (15 aircraft) would retire. The wing's expeditionary combat support (ECS) elements would remain in place. The reduction in F-16 force structure and the need to align common versions of the F-16 at the same bases argued for allowing Ellington's F-16s to retire in place with no fighter mission backfill.
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