Protecting State Secrets
Two joint decisions of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR were adopted, which are of great importance for the improvement of the whole system of protecting state secrets in the country.
Decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR "On strengthening the regime of secrecy" (1963), which noted the shortcomings in securing the secrecy regime in institutions; The need for encryption of the most important objects and products is indicated; it was required to limit the number of persons admitted to state secrets, as well as the number of business trips of civilians to military facilities; Attention was drawn to the strengthening of the regime during meetings on secret issues.
The resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR "On Measures to Improve the Effectiveness of International Scientific and Technical Relations of the USSR with Foreign Countries" (1965), which stated that the aim of scientific and technical cooperation should mainly be familiarization with production, experience and technology production of foreign countries, as well as assistance in the development of production of products under domestic licenses. In all defense ministries, in accordance with this resolution, exit commissions were set up to monitor the prevention of the leakage of protected information in the process of international cooperation.
On September 8, 1964 the USSR Council of Ministers adopted Resolution No. 758-316 "On measures to further encrypt existing and under construction defense industry facilities," which for the first time envisaged a comprehensive system of measures to encrypt objects of the defense industries.
The issues of regulating the procedure for admission of foreign delegations were considered in the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR "On streamlining the system of acquaintance of foreign delegations, individual scientists and tourists with the scientific and technical heritage of the USSR" (February 23, 67).
The decision defined several groups of activities: development of reception plans; the definition of objects and objects of the show; training of persons allocated for admission of foreigners. The heads of the enterprises had to coordinate the possibility of receiving foreign delegations from the state security bodies no later than 5 days before the reception. The drafting of the plans for reception was entrusted to the heads of the objects, their deputies by the regime, the heads of the secret departments. The plan was approved by the relevant ministry. With the systematic admission of foreigners, special premises were allocated outside the protected area of the institution. The results of the conversations and meetings were recorded by the records, which were reported to the head of the institution on the same day.
In 1965, the "Instruction for securing state secrets" was adopted. In 1966 - a list of the most important information containing state secrets. The instruction introduced a modern composition of vultures. In accordance with this instruction, for the first time, the procedure for assigning the core board was regulated. This neck was assigned to unclassified information that was forbidden to be published in the open press, and cases with unclassified documents.
The 1965 Directive for the first time regulated the protection of information in automated data processing systems
During this period, the regulatory framework for the protection of state secrets continues to improve.
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