South African Police Service (SAPS)
Policing in South Africa underwent a radical change in 1994 in terms of transformation and democratisation. The previous 11 police agencies (SAP and 10 former homeland agencies) entered a process of amalgamation and rationalisation to create a single South African Police Service (SAPS) which functions at national and nine provincial levels.
Policing in South Africa was traditionally dominated by laws that were non-democratic and which were rejected by the majority of people in the country. The transformation process will see a shift from a force to a service by means of community policing which is aimed at establishing an active and equal partnership between the police and the community. The managerial style of the new SAPS also began a process of transformation from an autocratic, bureaucratic and militaristic command to one that will be characterised by participation and problem solving.
The Crime Combating and Investigation Division combats crime by means of effective utilisation of information and the application of expert methods of investigation. One of its many units is the National Investigation Service, which includes National counter-intelligence responsibilities of conducting and co-ordinating investigations of counter-intelligence offenses referred to it by the National Intelligence Agency. The NIS also gathers, correlates, evaluates and uses crime intelligence in support of the functions of the South African Police Service, and is responsible for counter-intelligence measures within the South African Police Service, in order to supply crime intelligence relating to national strategic intelligence to NICOC.
The Visible Policing Division includes units engaged in visible service through the prevention of crime, physical service, specialised guard services and an emergency policing service. The tasks of the Special Guard Unit are to guard various ministerial residential areas and office complexes; guard the President; guard SAPS Headquarters in Pretoria, and to protect Ministers or Deputy Ministers and other important people while travelling.
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