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Prosecutor General of the Republic (PGR)
Procuraduría General de la República

The General Office of the judge advocate general of the Republic (PGR), within which the Institution of the Public Ministry is integrated, is essential device of the Federal System of Justice, and in representation of the individuals, the society and the State, it promotes and it watches the constitutional execution of a command, and tries justice in the scope of its competition. Also, it participates in actions of prevention of the crime to guarantee the public security.

In 2002, the PGR numbered 16,619 public servants (including prosecutors, experts, police officers and auxiliaries). Working under the PGR's direction, the AFI assists the PGR in the investigation and prosecution of corruption and money laundering, among other crimes. In 2002, the AFI had more than 4 000 police officers, 1,600 investigators, and 450 forensic experts and other specialists. Pursuant to the Ley Organica de la Procuraduría General de la República, effective July 25, 2003, a Specialised Unit within AFI was created to investigate offences committed by public officials or against "the administration of justice". This unit is under the responsibility of the Deputy Attorney General for Specialised Investigation of Federal Crimes. One of its functions is to investigate evidence that may show bribery of Mexican or foreign public officials.

vIn 1991 Attorney General Enrique Álvarez del Castillo, who was reported to have impeded several human rights investigations against the police, was abruptly removed from office and replaced by Ignacio Morales Lechuga. Morales quickly announced a crackdown on corruption, including a reorganization of the Federal Judicial Police, the creation of special anticorruption and internal affairs units, as well as a unit to protect citizens against crimes committed by the police. In addition, all federal police units were placed under the control of a civilian deputy attorney general. New high-level officials supervised police activities in sensitive border areas. These reform measures were announced soon after a jailed drug lord took over a prison in Matamoros, claiming that agents of the Federal Judicial Police aligned with another drug lord were threatening his life.

Despite Morales's reputation as an upright official prepared to dismiss police agents and government prosecutors suspected of ties with drug traffickers, he was replaced in early 1993. Later reports accused some of Morales's subordinates of drug-related corruption. The new attorney general, Jorge Carpizo MacGregor, was a respected human rights activist. Carpizo acknowledged in a detailed report the close relations between criminals and law enforcement agencies and produced his own program to eliminate deficiencies and corruption among the police. His reforms brought some progress; some members of the security forces were charged and sentenced, and human rights violations declined, but the so-called "culture of impunity" still prevailed. Carpizo resigned as attorney general in early 1994 and was replaced by Diego Valádez.

The 1994 assassinations of PRI presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio Murrieta and PRI Secretary General José Francisco Ruiz Massieu shook the highest levels of federal law enforcement. After failing to make significant progress in investigating the Colosio case, Attorney General Valádez was replaced in May 1994 by Humberto Benítez Trevino. Initially declaring that the Colosio assassination was the work of a lone gunman, the Attorney General's office later revised its theory based on videotape evidence that suggested a conspiracy of up to six individuals working in concert to allow the alleged gunman to approach the candidate during a crowded campaign rally. The post of attorney general underwent yet another change in early 1996 when incoming President Zedillo replaced Benítez with an opposition congressman, Fernando Antonio Lozano Gracia. Lozano's tenure was significant because it was the first time a non-PRI official held the post.

Late in 1994, the assassination of José Francisco Ruiz Massieu prompted a special investigation headed by Deputy Attorney General Mario Ruiz Massieu, brother of the slain politician. After calling dozens of PRI officials to testify, Ruiz resigned abruptly in November, accusing high-level PRI functionaries of complicity in the killing and of impeding further progress in the investigation. In early 1996, the investigation still had produced no results.

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Page last modified: 28-07-2011 00:53:54 ZULU