Oil Police (OP)
The Oil Police [OP] are tasked with securing and protecting the GoI’s oil infrastructure to prevent interdiction and theft. They are organized into four directorates: North, Central, South, and Headquarters. Each directorate has a mobile emergency battalion assigned. As of 2010 the OP was manned at approximately 29,000 personnel. There were 16 IA battalions assisting the OP in their mission by securing various sections of Iraq’s strategic pipelines. Although the OP was a capable force, they did not have the manpower to relieve the IA battalions from the pipeline now or in the near future.
The OP, assimilated into the MoI in 2009, became a line item in the MoI budget for 2010, which will increase assistance in manning, equipment, and training from the MoI. In the 2010 budget, the OP had an established authorization of 29,500 personnel, approximately 10,000 short of the requirement to replace the 16 IA battalions on the pipeline. In an effort to reduce manning requirements, USF-I funded outposts, consisting of guard towers with a pre-fabricated support building, were emplaced along remote sections of oil pipelines this quarter. These outposts raised the guards’ observation capabilities, allowing increased distances between outposts, thereby decreasing required manning. To focus unit training efforts, the OP created a 2010 battalion-level master training plan.
ITAM-Police advisors continued to assist the OP in developing a manpower requirements document for presentation to the MoI. ITAM estimated with the expected growth of the oil industry over the course of the next few years, the OP will require at least 47,000 policemen (an increase of 17,500 personnel) to relieve the IA battalions and effectively protect Iraq’s oil infrastructure. To increase training readiness, 2011 efforts will focus on developing and conducting advanced and specialized courses.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|