Military Security Service
[Al Amn al-Askariyya]
The Military Security Service (MSS, or Amn Al-Askariyya) was responsible for detecting and countering with dissent in the armed forces. Initially constituted as part of the Special Bureau of the Estikhabarat, in 1992 it was established as an independent entity reporting directly to the Presidential Palace. Last commanded by Staff Major General Thabet Khalil al Tikriti, the MSS was headquartered in the Aladhamia district of Baghdad near the Military Intelligence Service headquarters. The 5,000 staff of the Askariyya monitored every formation and echelon in the armed forces, and investigated corruption and embezzlement within the armed services. Units within the MSS also included the military brigade of the MSS and the Security Unit which monitored the MSS itself.
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